Thomas Kruchem of Swiss SRF reports:
"A powerful alliance of corporations and authorities is working on a transnational digital identity for everyone. That brings risks. "Every seventh person is excluded from state benefits because they cannot prove their identity," says Dakota Gruener, head of the ID2020 organization in New York City. “There is a proliferation of virtual identities on the Internet. Lack of efficient identity control costs us hundreds of billions of dollars annually. " A revolutionary concept ID2020 wants to change that. An alliance of high-tech companies like Microsoft and Accenture and the Rockefeller Foundation, of aid organizations like CARE and the vaccination alliance GAVI. The cooperation partners include the US government, the EU Commission and the UN refugee agency UNHCR. ID2020 is planning a transnational digital identity in addition to state systems. This is where all information about the individual should flow together: training and vaccination certificates, financial status; Accounts on Facebook, data produced by the smartphone. The data is stored on a blockchain - a digital account book that is also located on countless servers around the world and stores data in encrypted form. Their manipulation and deletion are currently not possible. Dakota Gruener emphasizes that everyone should have access to the data themselves. If a bank, landlord or border guard wants to know details about him, he should only release the information he wants to release using a smartphone app - identified by his biometric data: face, iris, fingerprint. “Self-sovereign identity” is the catchphrase for it. ID2020 creates the framework for pioneering projects that will later grow together. The World Economic Forum's Known Traveler Digital Identity (KTDI) project, for example, aims to make travel without papers possible. Those who take part provide biometric data and personal information such as the history of their trips abroad and credit card usage. "If the KTDI traveler identifies himself with his face at the airport or when picking up the rental car, the information flows together in the background," explains Christoph Wolff, head of the project. "And he can almost always pass the checkpoint without being monitored." A KTDI pilot project will start in early 2021: passport-free travel between Canada and the Netherlands. ID2020 itself provides refugees and unregistered people with a digital identity. "In Bangladesh only every fifth child has a birth certificate," reports Dakota Gruener. "We and GAVI create digital vaccination certificates for children and thus also give them a digital identity." Similarly, the corona vaccination could soon help billions of people achieve a transnational digital identity. The vaccination certificate must be reliable, says Gruener. No paper that can be lost or forged. No, a digital proof of vaccination on a biometric basis: the camera at the border authorities or at the entrance to the football stadium can tell from my face whether I have been vaccinated. Brave New World: We Travel More Comfortably; Those previously excluded are given access to basic social services; Authorities need less paper, less time and less security personnel. The other side of the coin is less reassuring. Deletion impossible According to the EU General Data Protection Regulation, only personal data required for specific purposes may be processed. The storage planned by ID2020 and supported by the EU Commission for general administrative purposes contradicts this regulation diametrically. According to the General Data Protection Regulation, personal data must be deleted as soon as the purpose for which they were collected no longer applies or the data subjects revoke their consent. However, deletion does not work on a blockchain because all entries build on each other there. According to the General Data Protection Regulation, a responsible body is liable for the correct handling of personal data. However, such an instance does not exist in blockchain-based data processing - only the automatic mechanism that has been set in motion and which no individual instance controls. The biometric data that arises when building digital identities is the raw material for facial recognition systems. Several EU countries are experimenting with such systems. Nothing is known of the consent of those affected, which provides for basic data protection. Power imbalance The concept of ID2020 provides that we only give requesting entities information that we want to release. "Unrealistic," says Tom Fisher, data protection activist at Privacy International in London: "There is a power imbalance in almost every identity check: If my employer or a border official wants a document from me, I can hardly say 'no'." In order to avoid the arbitrariness of inquiring authorities when dealing with transnational digital identity, there should be clear rules as to who is allowed to ask what. Answers might even have to be automated so that respondents do not reveal too much either accidentally or under pressure. “An illusion,” says Dirk Fox, owner of an IT security company in Karlsruhe. The interests and power of the governments that have to agree to such rules are too different. Most governments were hungry for data and found data protection a nuisance. In fact, the market will probably create a fait accompli. The initiators promise that the blockchain with our digital identity will be safe from hackers. And no government will be able to suck up data through the back door. "Second illusion," says Fox: Who knows the hacking technologies of the future? And: “Every IT system can contain back doors. We also have a clear trend in all industrialized countries for intelligence services to organize access. " The freedom of happy slaves Under such circumstances, democracy would only exist on paper. "If a politician becomes uncomfortable, embarrassing data can be found out at any time with which he can be put under pressure." "The bitterest enemies of freedom are the happy slaves," said the Austrian writer Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach. At the moment, almost only lone fighters are committed to protecting our data and our freedom.
Chechen Duce Ramzan Kadyrov has a second spouse notwithstanding his “official” wife. While polygamy isn’t remarkable in Chechnya, it is in fact against Russian law.
Kadyrov’s subsequent spouse, Fatima Khazuyeva, who won second spot in a generally advertised 2006 excellence challenge at 14 years old, has three Moscow lofts enlisted in her name, worth about $5 million altogether.
Different ventures associated with Khazuyeva have been paid for by the Akhmat Kadyrov Public Foundation, one of Russia’s biggest magnanimous establishments, which is named after Kadyrov’s dad. These incorporate a revenue driven recovery place run by her mom’s organization, and a school and mosque named after her dad.
The estimation of Kadyrov’s two spouses’ land, in any event $8 million altogether, is more than twice his pronounced compensation since 2008.
In 2006, the public authority of the Chechen Republic coordinated a marvel challenge for a reason.
“We need Chechnya to quit being related with whiskery men holding assault rifles,” an authority clarified. “Presently the image of the nation will be a delightful young lady. We’ll show that we’re no more regrettable than different states.”
Regardless of resistance to the exhibition from the Chechen Muslim Spiritual Board, exactly 20 hopefuls moved, sang, cooked, recounted verse, discussed their devotion, admitted their adoration for their country, and said thanks to the Kadyrov family — Chechnya’s tyrant ruler Ramzan Kadyrov and his late dad, Akhmat — for their administration.
A short time later, the hopefuls ate at a rich dinner went to by Kadyrov and his gatekeepers. At the point when he discovered that one of the young ladies who had not made it to the finals was crying, he requested that she be given a precious stone encrusted gold Chopard watch. At the point when the young ladies moved a conventional lezginka, rubles and dollars flew into the air. A Kommersant columnist in participation assessed that about $30,000 was dissipated on the floor before the night’s over.
The challenge champ at last got a situation in the Chechen government and the title of “driving model” for the Firdaws design house, which has a place with the Kadyrov family. However, the 14-year-old next in line, Fatima Khazuyeva, handled a much greater prize: She is presently Ramzan Kadyrov’s subsequent spouse, OCCRP accomplice The Project has learned.
Despite the fact that polygamy is actually illicit in Russia, it’s normal in this greater part Muslim southern Russian republic. As indicated by Islamic law, a man may have four spouses in the event that he will give them equivalent consideration and backing, including giving each a different spot to live.
Kadyrov has openly supported the training. “I’m agreeable to a man having a few spouses on the off chance that he needs them, and if he’s ready to help them, to tackle the segment issue in Russia,” he has said.
He has additionally supported polygamy by reference to severe Chechen customs. “On the off chance that a young lady or a separated from lady goes out [with a man], her sibling executes both her and that man,” he said. “It’s better for a lady to be a second or third spouse than to be killed.”
Indeed, even Kadyrov’s true spouse, Medni, when said that she wouldn’t see any problems if her significant other wedded once more. Such is Muslim law, she clarified.
All things considered, Kadyrov has never openly demonstrated whether he, at the end of the day, has different spouses. At true occasions, he shows up just with Medni, with whom he has 12 organic and two embraced youngsters. On one event, data about the Chechen chief’s informal marriage spilled to the press. A nearby artist and artist, Aminat Akhmadova, was accounted for to be Kadyrov’s third spouse.
In any case, where there’s a third, there should be a second. At the point when correspondents started to dive into the matter, they discovered that Kadyrov’s union with the excellence challenge second place was broadly known in her home town of Makhkety, around 40 kilometers south of the Chechen capital of Grozny. A few inhabitants of the town affirmed the marriage.
A Chechen resistance blogger, Tumso Abdurakhmanov, told columnists he had been companions with Khazueva’s sibling. He additionally affirmed that she and Ramzan are hitched. Not long after they started their relationship, he reviews, her sibling started to get rich, redesigning from a modest Russian Lada to a Porsche Cayenne. (Abdurakhmanov later escaped the nation subsequent to being focused by Kadyrov’s partners.)
Additionally, journalists found that Kadyrov’s spending on his initial two spouses far surpasses his authority pay: The estimation of their land alone, in any event $8 million, is more than twice his complete pronounced compensation since 2008.
Khazuyeva couldn’t be gone after a remark.