ID2020 – Digital Identity – The Blockchain Knows Everything – Is Total Surveillance coming ?

Definition, Vorteile, Nachteile: Was ist Blockchain? - computerwoche.de

Thomas Kruchem of Swiss SRF reports:

"A powerful alliance of corporations and authorities is working on a transnational digital identity for everyone. That brings risks. 

"Every seventh person is excluded from state benefits because they cannot prove their identity," says Dakota Gruener, head of the ID2020 organization in New York City. “There is a proliferation of virtual identities on the Internet. Lack of efficient identity control costs us hundreds of billions of dollars annually. "

A revolutionary concept
ID2020 wants to change that. An alliance of high-tech companies like Microsoft and Accenture and the Rockefeller Foundation, of aid organizations like CARE and the vaccination alliance GAVI. The cooperation partners include the US government, the EU Commission and the UN refugee agency UNHCR.

ID2020 is planning a transnational digital identity in addition to state systems. This is where all information about the individual should flow together: training and vaccination certificates, financial status; Accounts on Facebook, data produced by the smartphone.

The data is stored on a blockchain - a digital account book that is also located on countless servers around the world and stores data in encrypted form. Their manipulation and deletion are currently not possible.

Dakota Gruener emphasizes that everyone should have access to the data themselves. If a bank, landlord or border guard wants to know details about him, he should only release the information he wants to release using a smartphone app - identified by his biometric data: face, iris, fingerprint. “Self-sovereign identity” is the catchphrase for it.

ID2020 creates the framework for pioneering projects that will later grow together. The World Economic Forum's Known Traveler Digital Identity (KTDI) project, for example, aims to make travel without papers possible. Those who take part provide biometric data and personal information such as the history of their trips abroad and credit card usage.

"If the KTDI traveler identifies himself with his face at the airport or when picking up the rental car, the information flows together in the background," explains Christoph Wolff, head of the project. "And he can almost always pass the checkpoint without being monitored." A KTDI pilot project will start in early 2021: passport-free travel between Canada and the Netherlands.

ID2020 itself provides refugees and unregistered people with a digital identity. "In Bangladesh only every fifth child has a birth certificate," reports Dakota Gruener. "We and GAVI create digital vaccination certificates for children and thus also give them a digital identity."

Similarly, the corona vaccination could soon help billions of people achieve a transnational digital identity. The vaccination certificate must be reliable, says Gruener.

No paper that can be lost or forged. No, a digital proof of vaccination on a biometric basis: the camera at the border authorities or at the entrance to the football stadium can tell from my face whether I have been vaccinated.

Brave New World: We Travel More Comfortably; Those previously excluded are given access to basic social services; Authorities need less paper, less time and less security personnel.

The other side of the coin is less reassuring.

Deletion impossible
According to the EU General Data Protection Regulation, only personal data required for specific purposes may be processed. The storage planned by ID2020 and supported by the EU Commission for general administrative purposes contradicts this regulation diametrically.

According to the General Data Protection Regulation, personal data must be deleted as soon as the purpose for which they were collected no longer applies or the data subjects revoke their consent. However, deletion does not work on a blockchain because all entries build on each other there.

According to the General Data Protection Regulation, a responsible body is liable for the correct handling of personal data. However, such an instance does not exist in blockchain-based data processing - only the automatic mechanism that has been set in motion and which no individual instance controls.

The biometric data that arises when building digital identities is the raw material for facial recognition systems. Several EU countries are experimenting with such systems. Nothing is known of the consent of those affected, which provides for basic data protection.

Power imbalance
The concept of ID2020 provides that we only give requesting entities information that we want to release. "Unrealistic," says Tom Fisher, data protection activist at Privacy International in London: "There is a power imbalance in almost every identity check: If my employer or a border official wants a document from me, I can hardly say 'no'."

In order to avoid the arbitrariness of inquiring authorities when dealing with transnational digital identity, there should be clear rules as to who is allowed to ask what. Answers might even have to be automated so that respondents do not reveal too much either accidentally or under pressure.

“An illusion,” says Dirk Fox, owner of an IT security company in Karlsruhe. The interests and power of the governments that have to agree to such rules are too different. Most governments were hungry for data and found data protection a nuisance. In fact, the market will probably create a fait accompli.


The initiators promise that the blockchain with our digital identity will be safe from hackers. And no government will be able to suck up data through the back door.

"Second illusion," says Fox: Who knows the hacking technologies of the future? And: “Every IT system can contain back doors. We also have a clear trend in all industrialized countries for intelligence services to organize access. "

The freedom of happy slaves
Under such circumstances, democracy would only exist on paper. "If a politician becomes uncomfortable, embarrassing data can be found out at any time with which he can be put under pressure."

"The bitterest enemies of freedom are the happy slaves," said the Austrian writer Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach. At the moment, almost only lone fighters are committed to protecting our data and our freedom.









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Lebanon’s Central Bank Governor’s UK Assets Under Investigation

As governor of the Lebanese Central Bank, Riad Salamé was in charge of monetary policy for over 25 years. Now, a document claims his wealth amounts to over $2 billion, while the Lebanese people are bankrupt and living in a bankrupt state.

One morning last February, our colleague Dima Sadek approached us with a confidential document. She told us it carried incredulous details revealing the amount of wealth accumulated by Riad Salamé, governor of the Central Bank of Lebanon (BDL) over the past decade: more than $2 billion deposited in banks in Panama, Switzerland and the British Virgin Islands. 
At first glance, the $2 billion seemed unrealistic, especially seeing the lack of information about who prepared the report. However, given its details, the subsidiary documents, as well as the professionalism in its formulation, we could not ignore it.
Named A Report on the Financial Investigations, the document revealed details about the banking system set up by Salamé, who succeeded in evading the checks and controls imposed on dollar transactions by adopting, according to the document: “a complex mechanism that is difficult to fully understand in its various aspects.” 
The document contained photographs and numbers of accounts in name of Salamé’s brother Raja who, according to the report, operated as his front for many years, while Marianne Al-Hoayek, the BDL’s office director, had transferred more than $400 million from her accounts to those of the Salamé brothers.
One of those accounts (No. 0026310), opened in April 2011 at the LGT Bank in Zürich, is of particular importance.
According to the report, the “only and main” transfers from this account were intended to pour more money into the brothers’ personal accounts in several countries, including: Panama, Jersey and the British Virgin Islands.
The biggest and most dramatic surprise was found in the details of the transfers, which included $90 million sent on May 16, 2012, from the Cham Holding Company owned by Rami Makhlouf, who is the cousin of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad. This, if proven, opens the file of Salamé relationship with the Syrian regime …

Timing of Acquiring the Document
Before diving into further details, we believe it is necessary to discuss the aspect of ‘timing’ with regards to the current situation.
We obtained the document at an exceptional moment, in the midst of an economic crisis that held Lebanon in its grip since October 17, 2019, and precisely during a period witnessing a decline in the size of the popular demonstrations and an increase in the number of Lebanese people standing in front of banks begging for their money, which they were told was no longer available.
Suddenly, we had before us a document claiming that Salame’s wealth exceeds $2 billion – at the very least. The topic was more than tempting.
Salamé has been BDL governor for more than 25 years. He is the one in charge of monetary policy, including accumulated debts, financial engineering, capital controls, the failure to pay Eurobond benefits and “haircut” policies. And now this document stated his wealth amounted to over $2 billion, while the Lebanese are bankrupt and living in a bankrupt state!
He is, undoubtedly, not the only one responsible, but a key player in the situation. The first challenge for us was to determine who prepared the report, which we had not managed to uncover. For weeks, we introduced the document to economic, legal, political, diplomatic, and security sources in Beirut and Paris. They all agreed on its relevance and importance without being able to identify its source. 
However, mainly due to the language used, the consensus was that it was prepared by a private investigation firm, possibly commissioned by another party for either political or personal reasons.
When we aligned our information with that of our colleagues in international institutions, we were able to verify some details in the document, but the source remained unidentified. So, the report could not be published, despite the amazing details in it.
The pace of our investigation slowed down due to the emergence of the coronavirus, which seemed to appear as a close ally of the Lebanese authorities, exacerbating the economic crisis.
In light of our new priorities in times of corona, we could have forgotten all about the anonymous document. And the truth is that we would have delayed our research, were it not for the successive steps taken by Salamé himself.
In the context of the deteriorating economic situation and its consequences, which  includes 50% of the Lebanese living under the poverty line, Salamé issued a statement announcing that Marianne Al-Hoayek was appointed as a distinguished consultant to the BDL. 
A few hours later, an anonymous Twitter account started posting details about the foreign bank accounts of Salamé, his brother Raja and Marianne Hoayek.
Once again, our investigation could have stopped at that point. The tweets were based on the same anonymous document. However, Salamé’s MTV interview clarified the situation. 
He said the document was prepared by the International Cristal Credit Group (ICCG), which according to him is notorious for its fake reports. Salamé also unveiled the name of the company’s director, Kevin Rivaton, and said that its headquarter was in Lyon in France.
For the first time in weeks, we got a clue about the entity that prepared the report. Until the moment of writing of this article, we had not been able to contact Rivaton to inquire about the subject, but our research contradicted Salamé’s description of the company. 
Contrary to what he said, the available information about the company showed its credibility. ICCG was founded in 1997 in Lyon, but had branches in more than 10 countries, including Britain, Hong Kong and the USA. In 2016, it opened branches in Ivory Coast and Mexico. Its official presence in France, its abiding with French law, and the fact that it had never been incriminated by French authorities, makes the claim that ICCG is known for fabricating information and documents very weak.
Of course, some things may need more investigation and examination, but the company’s list of partners and customers, including the American-French Chamber of Commerce and various international organizations, does not imply a bad reputation, as our central bank governor claimed.
Salamé did not stop there. In another MTV interview, he informed the public that he had inherited a fortune of more than $23 million, before he was appointed BDL governor. Salamé said he will take legal action against ICCG and, naturally, we will be closely following any such action.
We will not prosecute him, as that is not our role. Our decision to publish the document was for the sole purpose of informing the public, after Salamé himself had announced its existence. We are not sure whether it is fake or if part of it is forged.
We will not prosecute Salamé. We will not be part of a campaign against him alone, without his accomplices in the corruption. We will wait, along with the Lebanese people, for any legal action to be taken. However, meanwhile we will not applaud him either, like most other Lebanese media have done. 
At that time, Marianne was not even 25 years old and her academic achievements were mediocre. She hardly had any work experience. And yet Salamé appointed her with the mission to restructure the BDL.

The Role of the Judiciary
With the rest of the Lebanese, we will wait for the judiciary to play its role, while we, as journalists, ask questions and look for convincing answers that do not undermine our readers’ intelligence. During our research to reveal the entity that had prepared the document, we were able to acquire information that raises many questions about the governor who not too long ago was about to become president.
This was not difficult to achieve. Wikileaks documents confirm our questions and suspicions. But that is a topic for another day.
The millions Salamé said he earned or inherited are not enough to justify the lifestyle he is living. Billionaires, not millionaires, are the ones who can organize their children’s weddings in classified palaces such as the Castle of Rambouillet, one of France’s most famous palaces, which was one of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette’s favorite hangouts, and later became the summer abode of French presidents.
The questions are not limited to Salamé’s lifestyle. And they will become more urgent when it comes to his way of managing one of the country’s most important public institutions, especially seeing its responsibility for the current state of bankruptcy of the country and its citizens.
Why did he decide to bring back Marianne Hoayek under such circumstances? Why was she hired in the first place some 20 years ago? 
In an interview with British magazine Bespoke, Hoayek spoke confidently about her special relationship with the governor, and mentioned details about the internship she did at the BDL, even before getting her master’s degree, and how Salamé asked her not to attend college but to remain an employee at the central bank. 
At that time, Marianne was not even 25 years old and her academic achievements were mediocre. She hardly had any work experience. And yet Salamé appointed her with the mission to restructure the BDL.
This may not be the starting point of the story. But it is undoubtedly a starting point for asking a few questions, without the need for documents, whether authentic or fabricated. 

Marianne Hoayek

Translated Documents













Chechen Duce Ramzan Kadyrov’s Second Wife And The Money Game





Chechen Duce Ramzan Kadyrov has a second spouse notwithstanding his “official” wife. While polygamy isn’t remarkable in Chechnya, it is in fact against Russian law.

Kadyrov’s subsequent spouse, Fatima Khazuyeva, who won second spot in a generally advertised 2006 excellence challenge at 14 years old, has three Moscow lofts enlisted in her name, worth about $5 million altogether.

Different ventures associated with Khazuyeva have been paid for by the Akhmat Kadyrov Public Foundation, one of Russia’s biggest magnanimous establishments, which is named after Kadyrov’s dad. These incorporate a revenue driven recovery place run by her mom’s organization, and a school and mosque named after her dad.

The estimation of Kadyrov’s two spouses’ land, in any event $8 million altogether, is more than twice his pronounced compensation since 2008.

In 2006, the public authority of the Chechen Republic coordinated a marvel challenge for a reason.

“We need Chechnya to quit being related with whiskery men holding assault rifles,” an authority clarified. “Presently the image of the nation will be a delightful young lady. We’ll show that we’re no more regrettable than different states.”

Regardless of resistance to the exhibition from the Chechen Muslim Spiritual Board, exactly 20 hopefuls moved, sang, cooked, recounted verse, discussed their devotion, admitted their adoration for their country, and said thanks to the Kadyrov family — Chechnya’s tyrant ruler Ramzan Kadyrov and his late dad, Akhmat — for their administration.

A short time later, the hopefuls ate at a rich dinner went to by Kadyrov and his gatekeepers. At the point when he discovered that one of the young ladies who had not made it to the finals was crying, he requested that she be given a precious stone encrusted gold Chopard watch. At the point when the young ladies moved a conventional lezginka, rubles and dollars flew into the air. A Kommersant columnist in participation assessed that about $30,000 was dissipated on the floor before the night’s over.

The challenge champ at last got a situation in the Chechen government and the title of “driving model” for the Firdaws design house, which has a place with the Kadyrov family. However, the 14-year-old next in line, Fatima Khazuyeva, handled a much greater prize: She is presently Ramzan Kadyrov’s subsequent spouse, OCCRP accomplice The Project has learned.

Despite the fact that polygamy is actually illicit in Russia, it’s normal in this greater part Muslim southern Russian republic. As indicated by Islamic law, a man may have four spouses in the event that he will give them equivalent consideration and backing, including giving each a different spot to live.

Kadyrov has openly supported the training. “I’m agreeable to a man having a few spouses on the off chance that he needs them, and if he’s ready to help them, to tackle the segment issue in Russia,” he has said.

He has additionally supported polygamy by reference to severe Chechen customs. “On the off chance that a young lady or a separated from lady goes out [with a man], her sibling executes both her and that man,” he said. “It’s better for a lady to be a second or third spouse than to be killed.”

Indeed, even Kadyrov’s true spouse, Medni, when said that she wouldn’t see any problems if her significant other wedded once more. Such is Muslim law, she clarified.

All things considered, Kadyrov has never openly demonstrated whether he, at the end of the day, has different spouses. At true occasions, he shows up just with Medni, with whom he has 12 organic and two embraced youngsters. On one event, data about the Chechen chief’s informal marriage spilled to the press. A nearby artist and artist, Aminat Akhmadova, was accounted for to be Kadyrov’s third spouse.

In any case, where there’s a third, there should be a second. At the point when correspondents started to dive into the matter, they discovered that Kadyrov’s union with the excellence challenge second place was broadly known in her home town of Makhkety, around 40 kilometers south of the Chechen capital of Grozny. A few inhabitants of the town affirmed the marriage.

A Chechen resistance blogger, Tumso Abdurakhmanov, told columnists he had been companions with Khazueva’s sibling. He additionally affirmed that she and Ramzan are hitched. Not long after they started their relationship, he reviews, her sibling started to get rich, redesigning from a modest Russian Lada to a Porsche Cayenne. (Abdurakhmanov later escaped the nation subsequent to being focused by Kadyrov’s partners.)

Additionally, journalists found that Kadyrov’s spending on his initial two spouses far surpasses his authority pay: The estimation of their land alone, in any event $8 million, is more than twice his complete pronounced compensation since 2008.

Khazuyeva couldn’t be gone after a remark.