TSA Vehicle Ramming Attacks Report unveiled

(U) Vehicle ramming is a form of attack in which a perpetrator deliberately uses a motor vehicle to strike a target with the intent to inflict fatal injuries or significant property damage.

(U) THREAT LANDSCAPE

(U) Based on our analysis of terrorist publications such as Rumiyah and observations of terrorism-inspired events worldwide, we believe terrorist organizations overseas have advocated conducting vehicle ramming attacks against crowds, buildings, and other vehicles, using modified or unmodified large-capacity vehicles. Such attacks could target locations where large numbers of people congregate, including sporting events, entertainment venues, shopping centers, or celebratory gatherings such as parades.

“Though being an essential part of modern life, very few actually comprehend the deadly and destructive capability of the motor vehicle and its capacity of reaping large numbers of casualties if used in a premeditated manner.”
Rumiyah Issue 3, Just Terror Tactics, 2016.

(U//FOUO) Vehicle ramming attacks are often unsophisticated, in that they require minimal planning and training. Terrorist groups continue to encourage aspiring attackers to employ unsophisticated tactics such as vehicle ramming because these types of attacks minimize premature detection and could inflict mass fatalities if successful. Furthermore, events that draw large groups of people—thus presenting an attractive vehicle ramming target—are usually scheduled and announced in advance, which greatly facilitates attack planning and training activities.

(U) In August 2018, a 29-year-old attacker drove into pedestrians and cyclists near London’s Houses of Parliament, injuring three persons in an event being investigated as a terrorist act. This apparent terrorist attack, as well as any additional attacks in 2018, will be more closely analyzed in the next issue of this report.

(U) LARGE-CAPACITY VEHICLES USED IN VEHICLE RAMMING ATTACKS

(U//FOUO) Large-capacity vehicles, specifically commercial trucks, rental trucks and vans, and buses, present an especially attractive mechanism for vehicle ramming attacks for several reasons: they are plentiful; arouse little or no suspicion because their presence around and access to structures and activity centers is expected; can easily penetrate security barriers4; and can inflict large-scale damage on people and infrastructure.

(U) Large-capacity vehicles may be obtained for terrorist activity in a variety of ways, including:
• (U) Personal – attacker uses their own large-capacity vehicle;
• (U) Rental – attacker rents a large-capacity vehicle;
• (U) Hijacking – attacker gains control of a large-capacity vehicle by force;
• (U) Theft – attacker steals a large-capacity vehicle; or
• (U) Insider threat – authorized commercial vehicle driver carries out or facilitates an attack.

(U) CONCLUSION

(U) TSA recommends vigilance and preparedness to prevent the use of large-capacity vehicles in terrorist attacks. Large-capacity vehicle owners and operators should alert their staff to possible theft or vehicle hijacking by would-be attackers, and emphasize the importance of reporting suspicious activities to appropriate authorities.

(U) Large-capacity vehicle owners and operators can also help their home communities’ business and law enforcement agencies by partnering to discuss the threat of vehicle ramming attacks and the security awareness, planning, and best practices that could mitigate the threat.

(U) Existing and emerging technologies can be used to mitigate and even prevent vehicle ramming incidents. For vehicles equipped with tracking devices, geo-fencing technologies can identify potential threats in proximity to high-value targets and, in some cases, activate vehicle shut-down. In addition, automatic collision-prevention devices are expected to become more prevalent as vehicle fleets gain newer replacement vehicles.

(U) No community, large or small, rural or urban, is immune to large-capacity vehicle ramming attacks by organized or lone offender terrorists. Good security is good business. TSA recommends you to take an active role in protecting your business and your community from this potential threat.

JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF – Joint Staff Strategic Multilayer Assessment: Russian Strategic Intentions

JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF – Joint Staff Strategic Multilayer Assessment: Russian Strategic Intentions

Understanding the fate of worldwide rivalry and struggle is presently more significant than any time in recent memory. In a powerfully evolving world, the nature and character of fighting, prevention, compellence, acceleration the executives, and influence are critical and basic in deciding how the US and its accomplices should:

• Strategize to shield their worldwide advantages against exercises that are proposed to undermine those interests over the range of rivalry;

• Shield their inclinations against dangers by provincial contenders through available resources corresponding to procedures versus China and Russia however don’t undermine different interests; and

• Get ready US and accomplice powers to react to unforeseen and lithe improvements in worldwide legislative issues and innovation by distinguishing territories for participation, moderating the danger of exercises shy of equipped clash, and preventing furnished clash over various wellsprings of national power (e.g., exchange, tact, security).

The National Security System (NSS), National Safeguard Methodology (NDS), and National Military Procedure all note that future encounters between significant forces may regularly happen underneath the degree of outfitted clash. In this condition, monetary challenge, impact crusades, paramilitary activities, digital interruptions, and political fighting will probably turn out to be increasingly pervasive. Such encounters increment the danger of misperception and miscount, between powers with huge military quality, which may then build the danger of furnished clash. In this specific situation, the US ability to impact the results of both worldwide and local occasions must be reexamined. The developing uniqueness among incredible forces (i.e., the US, China, and Russia) with respect to what comprises authentic or adequate discouragement, compellence, and acceleration the board exercises ought to be deliberately analyzed.

With that in mind, this white paper surveys Russian exercises over the globe to assemble an improved, major comprehension of the contemporary and future impact condition. Countering Russian provocative exercises requires an exhaustive technique and the NDS perceives this reality so as to effectively counter Russian provocative exercises; thus, the US should cooperatively utilize various instruments of national control in a synchronized way. As white paper supporter Brig Gen (ret) Ransack Spalding III recommends, “the US job with respect to Russia ought to be to keep on connecting with European partners to lead the pack for adjusting in Europe. The partners’ objective ought to be discouragement. Simultaneously, the US ought to reciprocally connect with Russia to strip them away from China’s circle. The US can work with Russia in manners that improve the US-Russia relationship without diminishing European endeavors to adjust and dissuade.”

The articles in this white paper give government partners—knowledge, law authorization, military, and approach organizations—with important bits of knowledge and systematic structures to help the US, its partners, and accomplices in building up a thorough methodology to contend and vanquish this Russian test. Critical perceptions include:

• Russia is receiving coercive systems that include the arranged work of military and nonmilitary intends to stop and constrain the US, its partners and accomplices before and after the flare-up of threats. These procedures must be proactively stood up to, or the risk of critical outfitted clash may increment.

• Russia displays a profound situated feeling of geopolitical uncertainty which propels it to seek after key goals that set up an uncontested range of prominence in the post-Soviet locale. However, Russians progressively can’t help contradicting the Kremlin’s statements that the US is an approaching outside risk and an incendiary power in Russian local governmental issues.

• Russia’s hazy area strategies are best when the objective is profoundly captivated or does not have the ability to oppose and react successfully to Russian animosity. As per Russian vital idea, discouragement and compellence are cut out of the same cloth.

Just with an adjusted and synchrozined entire of government approach will the US contend and win against rising powers like Russia and China. Such cooperation requires a typical comprehension of our rivals, their strategies and wanted endstates and we mean that this white paper will accomplish this basic objective.

This white paper was set up as a major aspect of the Key Multilayer Asssessment, entitled The Eventual fate of Worldwide Challenge and Struggle. Twenty-three master donors added to this white paper and gave wide-going evaluations of Russia’s worldwide advantages and targets, just as the exercises—dim or something else—that it behaviors to accomplish them. This white paper is separated into five segments and twenty-five sections, as depicted underneath. This rundown reports a portion of the white paper’s significant level discoveries, yet it is not a viable alternative for a cautious read of the individual commitments.

There is expansive agreement among the patrons that Russian President Vladimir Putin is in reality holding fast to a worldwide fantastic technique, which expects to accomplish the accompanying objectives:

• Recover and verify Russia’s impact over previous Soviet countries

• Recapture overall acknowledgment as an “incredible power”

• Depict itself as a solid entertainer, a key local powerbroker, and a fruitful middle person (Katz; Borshchevskaya) so as to increase financial, military, and political impact over countries

worldwide and to refine the radical decides and standards that at present administer the world request (Lamoreaux)

As per Dr. Robert Individual, these objectives are inspired by Russia’s profound situated geopolitical frailty. Since the breakdown of the Soviet Association, Russia has battled to discover its place in the worldwide network, which has left the administration with a waiting want to recapture the impact and power that it once had. Specifically, Russia tries to recover its impact over previous Soviet states, which it claims are in its legitimate “authoritative reach” (Lamoreaux; Individual; Swamp). Therefore, one of the US’s center objectives, to be specific advancing and securing the worldwide liberal request, comes into conflict with the objectives of Russia’s terrific system. This supports the Kremlin’s conviction that it must contain and compel US impact and exercises in Europe and somewhere else over the globe. As Ms. Anna Borshchevskaya’s commitment recommends, the Russian initiative’s perspective is lose-lose; it accepts that with the end goal for Russia to win, the US must lose. In any case, Dr. Christopher Swamp’s commitment recommends that this world view isn’t really shared by the Russian populace or its tip top.

As prove by the scope of “hazy area” exercises it takes part in, some of the master donors contend that the Russian administration considers itself to be at war with the US and the West all in all. From a Russian point of view, this war isn’t add up to, yet rather, it is basic (Goure)— a kind of “war” that is inconsistent with the general US comprehension of fighting. Russia accepts that there is no inadmissible or ill-conceived type of prevention, compellence, or heightening administration (Goure). It additionally doesn’t put stock in the continuum of contention that the US has developed. Like Russia’s view of its opposition with the US, its impression of contention is dichotomous: one is either at war or not at war. To battle and win this war, Russia accepts that the effective incorporation of all instruments of state control (Goure), just as the coordinated work of non-military and military intends to deflect and constrain (Flynn), are foremost. Moreover, Russian military ideas incorporate choices for utilizing preemptive power to incite stun and deter a foe from directing military tasks and to urge a de-heightening of threats (Flynn). The creators see that Russia’s methodologies are persistently advancing and expect that the inconsistency between the Russian and the US comprehension of “contention” and “war” will keep on developing, prompting a higher danger of acceleration in future circumstances including the two countries.

By and large, Russia’s impact abroad is developing, and the Kremlin has aced the utilization of “cross breed fighting” in driving Russia’s international strategy (Lamoreaux). Russia uses an assortment of hazy area strategies around the world. These incorporate the utilization of paramilitary powers and different intermediaries, obstruction in political procedures, financial and vitality abuse (especially in Africa), surveillance, and media and publicity control. Putin is likewise adroit at mixing military and non military personnel components for most extreme effect (Weitz).

The particular strategies of half and half fighting that Russia utilizes change by locale. In Europe, for instance, Russia has used purposeful publicity, an expanding reliance on outside vitality assets, and political control to accomplish its essential objectives (Schindler; Lamoreaux). Interestingly, in the Center East and Africa—significant wellsprings of minerals and other regular assets from a Russian perspective1—Russia has fundamentally used financial abuse devices (Katz; Borshchevskaya; Severin). In Focal Asia, Russia keeps up a significantly more constrained nearness, because of China’s geographic closeness and the present degrees of monetary and security commitment by other provincial on-screen characters (Kangas). By the by, Russia retains impact in the Focal Asia, because of its authentic, etymological, and social associations with the district (Laruelle; Dyet). In like manner, in Latin America, Russia comes up short on an adequate measure of deployable assets to completely execute its methodology or to broaden its impact far (Ellis). Be that as it may, as Dr. Barnett S. Koven and Ms. Abigail C. Kamp watch, Russia compensates for its deficiencies by taking part in long winded and receptive undertakings to upset US impact in the locale.

Anderson Cooper about the notorious Russian Agents and their US Election Involvement

Anderson Cooper about the notorious Russian Agents and their US Election Involvement

 

Russian Agents Of Shield,Russian Agents Killed,Russian Agents In The Us,Russian Agents Dying,Russian Agents Voted For Trump,Russian Agents Behind Yahoo,Russian Agents Of Influence,Russian Agents Indicted,Russian Agents Trump,Russian Agents Yahoo Hack,Russian Agents Arrested,Russian Agents Are Behind Yahoo Breach,Russian Agents In America,Russian Travel Agents Association,Russian Sleeper Agents In America,Russian Kgb Agents In America,Russian Travel Agents In Australia,Russian Visa Agents In Australia,Russian Agents Behind Yahoo,Russian Agents Behind,Russian Basketball Agents,Russian Agents Killed By Isis,Russian Agents Executed By Isis,Russian Agents Killed By Is,Russian Agents Killed By Child,Russian Agents In Britain,Russian Visa Agents In Bangalore,Russian Fsb Agents Killed By Isis,Russian Chemical Agents,Russian Sleeper Agents Cold War,Russian Estate Agents Cyprus,Russian Sleeper Agents Caught,Russian Property Agents Cyprus,Russian Real Estate Agents Chicago,Russian Agents Killed By Child,Russian Visa Agents In Chennai,Child Russian Agents,Russian Agents Dying,Russian Agents Dead,Russian Double Agents,Russian Double Agents In The Cold War,Russian Double Agents Executed,Russian Visa Agents Delhi,Russian Travel Agents Directory,Russian Real Estate Agents Dubai,Russian Visa Agents In Dubai,Russian Travel Agents In Dubai,Russian Agents Executed,Russian Agents Executed By Isis,Russian Estate Agents,Russian Estate Agents London,Russian Estate Agents In Cyprus,Russian Estate Agents In Spain,Russian Education Agents,Russian Estate Agents In Paphos,Russian Estate Agents In Limassol,Russian Estate Agents Tenerife,Russian Foreign Agents Law,Russian Football Agents,Russian Fsb Agents,Russian Free Agents,Russian Free Agents Hockey,Russian Fifa Agents,Russian Fsb Agents Killed By Isis,Russian Fsb Agents Executed,Russian Free Agents Nhl,Russian Federal Agents,Russian Gru Agents,Russian Real Estate Agents Greece,Russian Hockey Agents,Russian Hunting Agents,Russian Free Agents Hockey,Russian Holiday Agents,Russian Agents In The Us,Russian Agents Indicted,Russian Agents In America,Russian Agents In The White House,Russian Agents In Uk,Russian Agents Isis,Russian Agents In Ukraine,Russian Agents In Europe,Russian Agents In Syria,Russian Agents In Romania,Russian Agents Killed,Russian Agents Killed By Isis,Russian Agents Killed By Child,Russian Kgb Agents In America,Russian Kgb Agents,Russian Fsb Agents Killed By Isis,Famous Russian Kgb Agents,Russian Visa Agents In Kolkata,Russian Sleeper Agents Movie,Russian Estate Agents Marbella,Russian Travel Agents Melbourne,Russian Real Estate Agents Miami,Russian Visa Agents In Mumbai,Russian Nerve Agents,Russian Free Agents Nhl,Russian Real Estate Agents New York,Russian Agents Of Shield,Russian Agents Of Influence,Russian Travel Agents Outbound,Russian Property Agents,Russian Property Agents London,Russian Property Agents Cyprus,Russian Port Agents,Russian Patent Agents,Russian Agents In Poland,Russian Visa Agents In Pakistan,Russian Estate Agents In Paphos,Russian Estate Agents Selling Property In Spain,Russian Agents In Romania,Russian Sleeper Agents Real,Russian Inteligence Agents Face Risk Of Disclosure,Russian Agents Shot,Russian Agents Series,Russian Sleeper Agents,Russian Sleeper Agents 2010,Russian Sleeper Agents 2014,Russian Secret Agents,Russian Sleeper Agents Tv Series,Russian Secret Agents Arrested In Us,Russian Sleeper Agents 1980s,Russian Special Agents,Russian Agents Trump,Russian Travel Agents,Russian Travel Agents List,Russian Travel Agents Association,Russian Travel Agents Uk,Russian Travel Agents In Dubai,Russian Tour Agents,Russian Travel Agents In Australia,Russian Travel Agents Melbourne,Russian Travel Agents In San Francisco,Russian Undercover Agents,Russian Agents In Us,Russian Agents In Uk,Russian Agents In Ukraine,Russian Travel Agents Uk,Russian Estate Agents In Uk,Russian Agents Voted For Trump,Russian Visa Agents In Delhi,Russian Visa Agents In Mumbai,Russian Visa Agents In Pakistan,Russian Visa Agents In Chennai,Russian Visa Agents In Dubai,Russian Visa Agents,Russian Visa Agents In Islamabad,Russian Visa Agents In India,Russian Visa Agents In Lahore,Russian Agents Were Behind Yahoo Hack,Russian Sleeper Agents Wiki,Russian Sleeper Agents Cold War,Russian Agents Yahoo Hack,Russian Agents Yahoo,Russian Agents Yahoo Breach,