Become a Patron!
True Information is the most valuable resource and we ask you to give back.
The following is a transcript of prepared remarks delivered by the U.S. Army North Commander in closed session to the National Commission on the Future of the Army (NCFA).
Commander, U.S. Army North Prepared Remarks for the 10 June 2015 Closed Session to the National Commission on the Future of the Army
Page Count: 10 pages
Date: June 10, 2015
Originating Organization: U.S. Army North
File Type: pdf
File Size: 207,915 bytes
File Hash (SHA-256): D23237755A45C166E7BECFCCF44C65C012D3160F2E6F107F98C8A707E0DD33FC
First off let me just say thank you for giving us the opportunity to convey the vital missions and responsibilities the Total Army performs in the Homeland. The Army has greatly advanced its posture to respond in the Homeland. In a time of persistent conflict, our Army leadership acknowledged the need and established a dedicated Army headquarters whose singular focus is the Homeland – U.S. Army North (ARNORTH). And given the nature of the Homeland environment – DOD would be in support of another Federal Agency – established standing Defense Coordinating Officers (DCO) embedded in each of the ten FEMA Regional Headquarters. These two major changes to Homeland response has ensured there is Army effort honed in on ensuring we are as much prepared to respond in the Homeland as are the other ASCCs in their Geographical Combatant Commands AORs. And it has greatly enhanced North American Security especially with our southern partners – Mexico.
Our history is replete with examples where both Guard and Active forces were employed to respond to our Nation’s disasters. In the recent era, the defining disaster was Hurricane Katrina, a Category 3 hurricane that forced the breach of levies and the subsequent massive flooding of New Orleans. It rapidly overwhelmed the capabilities of Louisiana that saw the C, NGB send upwards of 50,000 Guardsmen from other States and the President send in the 82nd Airborne Division. There have been other similar incidents in our lifetime: Hurricane Andrew (1992) where President Bush sent 2,000 to 5,000 Troops from Ft Bragg, Hurricane Hugo (1989) where over 3,000 Service members were sent in support, and the 1988 Yellowstone Fires where approximately 1,000 active duty Soldiers and Marines provided direct fire line support as part of JTF Yellowstone. These show that there are those potential catastrophic disasters (New Madrid Seismic Zone, Cascadia Subduction Zone, Cyber Attack, or even an Improvised Nuclear Detonation) that can hit the United States where the President will not hesitate to call upon Federal Forces.
The Role of the Army in the Homeland.
Homeland Defense is DOD’s #1 Priority and any response in the Homeland that incorporates a Military response will likely become the singular focus of the Nation’s leadership and the media. Homeland Operations comprise Homeland Defense and Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA). In Homeland Defense the expectation is that the Commander, USNORTHCOM is the command authority reporting through the SecDef to the POTUS while a DSCA operation is where DOD (Army) will be in support of another Federal Agency. The spectrum of DSCA ranges from supporting the US Secret Service for National Special Security Events (NSSE), Federal Law Enforcement Agencies in Counterdrug and Border Security operations, FEMA for natural and man-made disasters (to include the extreme complex catastrophes), to the most dangerous a Chemical – Biological – Radiological – Nuclear (CBRN) incident. Recent examples include: providing Navy divers to recover the remains in the IH35 Bridge collapse, establishing housing at three separate DOD Installations for unaccompanied children coming into the US from our Southern border – in support of the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), and forming and training two EBOLA medical teams that could be inserted into any US hospital to assist in the care of infected patients – DHHS.
As the Commander of U.S. Army North, the Army Service Component Command (ASCC) to U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) and the sole Army headquarters dedicated to the Homeland, I can assure you there is a role and function for all compos within the Army – there is enough work for everyone. I can also stress upfront that from a Homeland response perspective the current structure within the Active, Guard and Reserves is about right. My intent is to briefly highlight:
1. The Role of the Federal Force. How in DSCA through the Department of Homeland Security’s guiding doctrine, the National Response Framework, the State led response and the Federal led response achieve unity of effort and that through this all compos have a major role given their current structured capabilities.
2. Secondly, in that same vain, I will stress the criticality of retaining a DoD CBRN Response Enterprise – trained and ready to respond – dedicated to that specific scenario.
3. Lastly, I will show the strategic linkage to North American Security being fostered by having a dedicated Theater Army headquarters in the homeland.
The Federal response in DSCA.
Clearly the National Guard in its State Military role under the authority of their respective Governor has primacy and as reflected on the State Response Capabilities charts submitted to NGB on a monthly basis, there are twelve essential capabilities that the Governor of each state desires and tracks for state response to a natural or man-made disaster:
– command & control
– aviation (reconnaissance and lift)
– logistics – to include power generation
If due to deployments or other readiness concerns any of these capabilities are not fully able to meet the Governor’s response plans, the Adjutant general can turn to his fellow states in an Emergency Management Assistance Compact or EMAC to gain the additional capabilities and fill his gaps. This is a co-share between the Governors for the utilization of these capabilities but it does keep the response within a Governor’s authority and does not elevate a request to the President to invoke the Stafford Act.
However as shown as recent as Super Storm Sandy, where a specific capability – dewatering pumps were requested, the active and reserve forces became the source to fill the gap.
The National Response Framework (NRF): Is the Department of Homeland Security’s guide to how the Nation responds to all types of disasters and emergencies, the typical incident response begins with first responders (e.g., police, fire, medical) at the local level. If first responders are unable to contain an incident, they may ask for assistance from their county emergency managers. When local jurisdictions cannot contain an incident, the Governor can declare a state of emergency and invoke the state’s emergency plan to augment individual and public resources as required, which typically include National Guard forces (Army and Air Force) on State Active Duty. Should requirements exceed state response capabilities or capacity, the Governor can use Emergency Management Assistance Compact (EMAC) agreements to request resources from other states. If requested resources are unavailable or requirements exceed capabilities, the Governor may also request federal assistance. If the response proceeds to the federal level, including a Presidential major disaster or emergency declaration, DOD (T10) forces may be deployed to support civilian efforts.
The conduit for integrating DOD (T10) capabilities is the Defense Coordinating Officer (DCO) and their Defense Coordinating Element (DCE). These small 9-10 person all Army teams led by a former Brigade command or equivalent Colonels are assigned to ARNORTH but perform their day-to-day duties co-located with each of the 10 FEMA Regional Headquarters. Pre-activation they closely work with their Federal partners as well as with the State JFHQs and State Emergency Managers within their region to develop likely DOD (T10) requirements for State and regional plans in order to anticipate and ensure DOD (T10) won’t be late to need. When activated they directly represent the SecDef and work with FEMA’s Federal Coordinating Officer (FCO) to determine the feasibility of DOD (T10) supporting a request for assistance and then once determined expediting that request, now termed a Mission Assignment, through for SecDef approval and follow on sourcing by the Joint Staff. They are also the conduit within their region for any other request for assistance by other Federal Agencies (EX: US Secret Service for the UN General Assembly). Under their Operational Control are the 173 US Army Reserve Emergency Preparedness Liaison Officers (EPLO) located two per State and a five person team at the FEMA Regional Headquarters. These Drilling Reservist are the Subject Matter Experts (SME) for their state. Under the OPCON of the fulltime DCO/E, the EPLOs become a valuable extension that when an incident occurs are activated and seamlessly integrate into the DCO’s operations providing situational awareness at the State.
DOD (T10) provides support when requested by civil authorities and approved by the SecDef. However, there are several separate authorities whereby DOD (T10) resources may be provided without SecDef approval. These are Immediate Response Authority (IRA), Mutual Aid Agreements/Memoranda of Agreement (MOAs)/Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs), or in accordance with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) DSCA Execution Order (EXORD).
Immediate Response Authority. DOD (T10) response at the municipal, county, or tribal level is provided initially under IRA. If requested, any commander can provide resources to save lives, prevent human suffering, and mitigate great property damage in response to a request from a civil authority, under imminently serious conditions and if time does not permit approval from higher authority. There is an unofficial time limit of 72 hours for immediate response operations. The 72 hours corresponds with the time limit for the response phase (focus is on life-sustaining functions) of a DSCA operation.
CJCS DSCA EXORD sets the framework for resources and authorities provided to the supported combatant commander to conduct DSCA operations for actual or potential domestic incidents within the combatant commander‘s area of responsibility. The authorities granted by the EXORD are specified in four distinct categories of authorization: assigned forces, pre-identified resources, resources for internal use, and large-scale response categories.
Us Army Ranks, Us Army Corps Of Engineers, Us Army Rangers, Us Army Logo, Us Army Reserve, Us Army Uniforms, Us Army Special Forces, Us Army Jobs, Us Army Infantry, Us Army Size, Us Army Ako, Us Army Airborne, Us Army Air Corps, Us Army Address, Us Army Airborne School, Us Army Artillery, Us Army Academy, Us Army Aircraft, Us Army Airborne Units, Us Army Aviation, Us Army Bases, Us Army Birthday, Us Army Basic Training, Us Army Branches, Us Army Boot Camp, Us Army Badges, Us Army Band, Us Army Boots, Us Army Beret, Us Army Benefits, Us Army Corps Of Engineers, Us Army Cavalry, Us Army Cadet Command, Us Army Cif, Us Army Combat Engineer, Us Army Cid, Us Army Camo, Us Army Colors, Us Army Chain Of Command, Us Army Combat Medic, Us Army Dress Uniform, Us Army Divisions, Us Army Delta Force, Us Army Draft, Us Army Dress Blues, Us Army Dog Tags, Us Army Dts, Us Army Deployment, Us Army Division Patches, Us Army Drill Sergeant, Us Army Enlisted Ranks, Us Army Europe, Us Army Emblem, Us Army Ees, Us Army Email, Us Army Equipment, Us Army Enlistment, Us Army Engineer, Us Army Eod, Us Army Engineer School, Us Army Flag, Us Army Field Band, Us Army Field Artillery, Us Army Founded, Us Army Firefighter, Us Army Forms, Us Army Font, Us Army Field Manual, Us Army Facts, Us Army Formal Uniform, Us Army Green Berets, Us Army Generals, Us Army Golden Knights, Us Army Gear, Us Army General Orders, Us Army Gas Mask, Us Army Guns, Us Army Garrison Hawaii, Us Army Germany, Us Army Game, Us Army Hrc, Us Army Helicopters, Us Army Helmet, Us Army History, Us Army Hat, Us Army Headquarters, Us Army Honor Guard, Us Army Helicopter Pilot, Us Army Handgun, Us Army Humvee, Us Army Infantry, Us Army Insignia, Us Army In Syria, Us Army Intelligence, Us Army In Afghanistan, Us Army Intelligence Support Activity, Us Army Infantry School, Us Army Images, Us Army In Korea, Us Army Iperms, Us Army Jobs, Us Army Jacket, Us Army Jrotc, Us Army Japan, Us Army Jag, Us Army Jeep, Us Army Jag Corps, Us Army Jump School, Us Army Jungle School, Us Army Jets, Us Army Knife, Us Army Korea, Us Army Korean War, Us Army Knowledge Online, Us Army Kabar, Us Army Kevlar Helmet, Us Army Kilt, Us Army Keychain, Us Army Khaki Uniform, Us Army Kuwait, Us Army Logo, Us Army Logo Vector, Us Army Leadership, Us Army Leave Form, Us Army Logistics, Us Army Loadout, Us Army Lanyard, Us Army Letterhead, Us Army Lieutenant, Us Army Lapel Pins, Us Army Medals, Us Army Mil, Us Army Mos, Us Army Motto, Us Army Military Police, Us Army Medic, Us Army Medical Corps, Us Army Museum, Us Army Memes, Us Army Medical Command, Us Army News, Us Army National Guard, Us Army Name Tapes, Us Army Numbers, Us Army New Pistol, Us Army North, Us Army New Rifle, Us Army Nurse Corps, Us Army Nurse, Us Army Nco Ranks, Us Army Officer Ranks, Us Army Officer, Us Army Organization, Us Army Officer Pay, Us Army Ocs, Us Army Officer Uniform, Us Army Ocp, Us Army Officer Jobs, Us Army Old Guard, Us Army Ordnance Corps, Us Army Pay Scale, Us Army Patches, Us Army Phone Number, Us Army Pay, Us Army Pt Test, Us Army Population, Us Army Pay Chart 2017, Us Army Pathfinder, Us Army Pistol, Us Army Pathfinder School, Us Army Quotes, Us Army Quartermaster, Us Army Qualifications, Us Army Quartermaster Museum, Us Army Quartermaster School, Us Army Qualification Badges, Us Army Quartermaster Corps, Us Army Questions, Us Army Quiz, Us Army Quartermaster Officer, Us Army Ranks, Us Army Rangers, Us Army Reserve, Us Army Recruiter, Us Army Requirements, Us Army Records, Us Army Ranger School, Us Army Rank Insignia, Us Army Ribbons, Us Army Reserve Jobs, Us Army Special Forces, Us Army Size, Us Army Salary, Us Army Symbol, Us Army Seal, Us Army Song, Us Army Skillport, Us Army Sniper, Us Army Sniper School, Us Army Signal Corps, Us Army Tanks, Us Army Trips, Us Army Tattoos, Us Army Training, Us Army T Shirts, Us Army Theme Song, Us Army Times, Us Army Transportation Museum, Us Army Tattoo Policy 2017, Us Army Tacom, Us Army Uniforms, Us Army Unit Patches, Us Army Units, Us Army Unit Sizes, Us Army Uniform Guide, Us Army Uniform History, Us Army Uniform Regulations, Us Army Unit Structure, Us Army Unit Awards, Us Army Uniform 2017, Us Army Vehicles, Us Army Veteran, Us Army Vietnam, Us Army Values, Us Army Vs Marines, Us Army Veteran Hat, Us Army Video Game, Us Army Veterinary Corps, Us Army Videos, Us Army Vs Russian Army, Us Army War College, Us Army Weapons, Us Army Wallpaper, Us Army Webmail, Us Army Wtf Moments, Us Army Warrant Officer, Us Army Wiki, Us Army Ww2, Us Army Website, Us Army Watch, Us Army Xctc, Us Army Xm17, Us Army Xm25, Us Army Xo, Us Army Xm8, Us Army X Ray Tech Mos, Us Army X Ray Program, Us Army Xviii Airborne Corps, Us Army Xbox Controller, Us Army Xii Corps, Us Army Youtube, Us Army Yuma Proving Ground, Us Army Yearly Salary, Us Army Yeti, Us Army Yongsan, Us Army Yellow Book, Us Army Yearly Budget, Us Army Yes Program, Us Army Yell, Us Army Ypg, Us Army Zippo, Us Army Zika Vaccine, Us Army Zero Target, Us Army Zonk, Us Army Zika, Us Army Zulu Time, Us Army Zodiac Boat, Us Army Zombie Apocalypse, Us Army Zombie Manual, Us Army Zip Up Hoodie, Commander 2017, Commander In Chief, Commander Anthology, Commander Banlist, Commander Cody, Commander Shepard, Commander 2016, Commander Keen, Commander Jeep, Commander Steel, Commander Anthology, Commander And Chief, Commander Anthology 2017, Commander Appo, Commander Anthology Price, Commander Abbreviation, Commander Anthology Decks, Commander Anthology Release Date, Commander Arsenal, Commander And Chief Definition, Commander Banlist, Commander Bly, Commander Bacara, Commander Bolton, Commander Banlist Update, Commander Boats, Commander Blitz, Commander Bond, Commander Boreale, Commander Blackout, Commander Cody, Commander Cody Hot Rod Lincoln, Commander Club, Commander Cody Star Wars, Commander Cody Tour, Commander Colt, Commander Clash, Commander Cody And The Lost Planet Airmen, Commander Crunch, Commander Cody Helmet, Commander Decks, Commander Definition, Commander Data, Commander Deck Rules, Commander Damage, Commander Doom, Commander Decks 2016, Commander Decks 2017, Commander Dogtooth, Commander Deviss, Commander Erwin, Commander Edh, Commander Erwin Voice Actor, Commander Evasive Maneuvers, Commander Ecker, Commander Eesha, Commander Eyebrows, Commander Eddington, Commander Edh Rules, Commander Europe At War, Commander Fox, Commander Farsight, Commander French, Commander Fordo, Commander Faie, Commander Format, Commander Fil, Commander Fred, Commander For Sale, Commander From The 100, Commander Gree, Commander Gregor, Commander Game, Commander Grey, Commander Ganch, Commander Guided By Nature, Commander Gw2, Commander General, Commander Go Pack, Commander Gree Lego, Commander Holly, Commander Holly Patreon, Commander Hadfield, Commander Hotel, Commander Holly Etsy, Commander Holly Twitter, Commander Hooks, Commander Hat, Commander Holly Feet, Commander Holly Art, Commander In Chief, Commander In Chief Definition, Commander In Chief Role, Commander Innovations, Commander In Chief President, Commander In Chief Quizlet, Commander In Spanish, Commander In Chief Trump, Commander In The Navy, Commander In Chief Example, Commander Jeep, Commander Jeep 2008, Commander Jet, Commander Js, Commander Jeep 2006, Commander Jack Morrison, Commander Jupiter, Commander James Bond, Commander John Shepard, Commander Jameson, Commander Keen, Commander Krang, Commander Keller, Commander Keen 4, Commander Karbin, Commander Keen Online, Commander Keen Doom, Commander Keen Download, Commander Kruge, Commander Kelly, Commander Lexa, Commander Life, Commander Lyme, Commander Lin, Commander Lands, Commander Life Counter, Commander Laurel, Commander Levi, Commander List, Commander Lin Mae, Commander Mormont, Commander Mtg, Commander Mcbragg, Commander Mtg Rules, Commander Morrison, Commander Meouch, Commander Meaning, Commander Mark, Commander Maro, Commander Marcos, Commander Neyo, Commander Navy, Commander Navy Rank, Commander Nier Automata, Commander Npm, Commander Naval Education And Training Command, Commander Navy Installations Command, Commander Naval Service Training Command, Commander Names, Commander Name Generator, Commander Of The Confederate Army, Commander One, Commander Of The Union Army, Commander Of Fort Sumter, Commander Of Chief, Commander Of Merchant Ship, Commander Of Evony, Commander Of The Army, Commander Of Darkness, Commander Of The Pacific Fleet, Commander Personality, Commander Palace, Commander Ponds, Commander Pixis, Commander Peepers, Commander Paylor, Commander Precon, Commander Perry, Commander Pro, Commander Pike, Commander Queeg, Commander Quotes, Commander Quinteros, Commander Queeg Quotes, Commander Quaalude, Commander Quiz, Commando Qualities, Commander Quotes Handmaid’s Tale, Commander Qsc Clutch, Commander Que, Commander Rules, Commander Riker, Commander Rex, Commander Rank, Commander Red, Commander Ramp, Commander Reyes, Commander Hadfield, Commander Rockwell, Commander Rourke, Commander Shepard, Commander Steel, Commander Sato, Commander Shepard Model, Commander Staples, Commander Synonym, Commander Salamander, Commander Sisko, Commander Shran, Commander Shadowsun, Commander Tier List, Commander Thorn, Commander Truck, Commander The 100, Commander Thire, Commander Tarkin, Commander Trauma, Commander Toad, Commander Theory, Commander Tucker, Commander Us Navy, Commander Usa, Commander Utv, Commander Us Pacific Fleet, Commander Uniform, Commander Ugaki, Commander Unturned, Commander Us Forces Afghanistan, Commander Uhura, Commander Undersea Surveillance, Commander Vehicle, Commander Vs, Commander Video, Commander Vs Captain, Commander Venus, Commander Vs General, Commander Vachir, Commander Vanto, Commander Vill, Commander Veldaban, Commander Wolffe, Commander Waterford, Commander Worf, Commander Wilson Roberts, Commander Wolffe Helmet, Commander William Riker, Commander Whitehead, Commander Waterford Actor, Commander Wolffe Lego, Commander Warframe, Commander X, Commander Xt, Commander Xxl Tote, Commander Xtp, Commander X + Pack, Commander X2, Commander X Wiki, Commander X Books, Commander Xcom, Commander Xmage, Commander Yammark, Commander Yar, Commander Youtube, Commander Yamamoto, Commander Yorha, Commander Yarik, Commander Yidris, Commander Yammark Female, Commander Yarrick, Commander Yi Wonsu, Commander Zilyana, Commander Zavala, Commander Zilyana Osrs, Commander Zhao, Commander Zero, Commander Zilyana Guide, Commander Zodiac, Commander Z, Commander Zavala Voice Actor, Commander Zod
You must be logged in to post a comment.