After successfully overthrowing the government during the Spanish Civil War, Francisco Franco installed a brutal military dictatorship which saw tens of thousands imprisoned or executed during his regime. Known as “El Caudillo” (which translates to “the Leader”), Franco also banned the Basque and Catalan languages, along with every religion besides Catholicism.
But when he wasn’t having his secret police apprehend civilians – or maybe while he was? – Franco was a fan of painting outdoor scenes on canvas. The paintings, which his own grandson will tell you “were not great works of art,” were of course done in the vein of realism, because getting nuanced work from a military dictator is probably a bridge too far.