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Dossier Center List
On April 6, 2018, the U.S. Treasury Department imposed new sanctions against 24 Russians, including businessmen and government officials from Vladimir Putin’s inner circle. We believe it would be wrong to rely solely on the opinion of a foreign government. The Dossier Center publishes its own list of possible organizers of the Kremlin OCG and their likely accomplices with brief profiles.
Probable organizers
Probable accomplices

Probable organizers
Probable accomplices
Alexander Bastrykin
Vladislav Reznik
Dmitri Rogozin
Yevgeny Prigozhin
Vladimir Yakunin
Gennady Petrov
Andrey Fursenko
Gennady Timchenko
Alexander Bortnikov
Yury Vorobyev
Andrey Skoch
Andrey Vorobyev
Alexander Zharov
Andrey Akimov
Vladimir Bogdanov
Victor Vekselberg
Timur Valiulin
Mikhail Fradkov
Sergey Fursenko
Alexander Torshin
Konstantin Kosachev
Igor Rotenberg
Alexei Dumin
Natalia Veselnitskaya
Sergey Bochkarev
Alexander Mitusov
Alexei Kuznetsov
Denis Katsyv
Boris Gromov
Petr Katsyv
Oleg Budargin
Maxim Liksutov
Ilya Eliseev
Dmitry Kiselev
Nikolay Nikiforov
Vladimir Puchkov
Viktor Kharitonin
Alexander Klyachin
Maxim Vorobiev
Sergei Sobyanin
Leonid Mikhelson
Igor Kesaev
Samvel Karapetyan
Yuri Chikhanchin
Olga Golodets
Alexander Tkachev
Nikolay Tokarev
Leonid Simanovsky
Igor Shchegolev
German Gref
Alexander Fomin
Eduard Khudainatov
Mikhail Murashko
Oleg Matytsin
Yury Trutnev
Yury Borisov
Dmitry Chernyshenko
Tatiana Golikova
Sergey Kravtsov
Olga Lyubimova
Oleg Feoktistov
Mikhail Mishustin
Marat Khusnullin
Maxim Reshetnikov
Victoria Abramchenko
Valery Falkov
Alexander Kozlov
Alexander Novak
Andrey Belousov
Vladimir Yakushev
Konstantin Chuichenko
Maksut Shadaev
Sergey Lavrov
Alexey Shaposhnikov
Svetlana Radionova
Alexander Beglov
Vladimir Potanin
Timur Ivanov
Andrey Alshevskikh
Natalia Sergunina
Sergey Kirienko
Mikhail Degtyarev
Alexander Gorbenko
Igor Levitin
Evgeny Shkolov
Vladimir Ustinov
Igor Shuvalov
Sergei Prikhodko
Arkady Dvorkovich
Vladimir Medinsky
Sergei Shoigu
Denis Manturov
Vladimir Kolokoltsev
Valentina Matvienko
Vyacheslav Volodin
Nikolay Patrushev
Rashid Nurgaliyev
Georgy Poltavchenko
Yury Chaika
Viktor Zolotov
Alexey Miller
Igor Sechin
Andrey Kostin
Oleg Deripaska
Suleiman Kerimov
Yuri Kovalchuk
Ziyavudin Magomedov
Alexei Mordashov
Iskandar Makhmudov
Arkady Rotenberg
Boris Rotenberg
Kirill Shamalov

Alexander Zharov

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Zharov

head of Roskomnadzor

Date and Place of Birth
August 11, 1964, Chelyabinsk, USSR
Russian Federation
Why on the list
Participation and complicity in the activities of the organized criminal community, established with the purpose of systematic commission of especially dangerous crimes, directed against the foundations of the constitutional system and state security, state power and interests of state service, justice, as well as against peace and security.

While heading Roskomnadzor, Alexander Zharov allegedly took decisions regarding control over information technology, communications and mass media, which directly contradicted Article 29.4 of the Russian Constitution, according to which “everyone has the right to freely seek, receive, transmit, produce and disseminate information by any lawful means. During Zharov’s tenure, the “Lugovoi Law” came into force, allowing Roskomnadzor to immediately block websites without a court decision, thereby limiting people’s right to access information and violating the constitutional ban on political censorship.

On March 13, 2014, Roskomnadzor added the opposition resources,, and EJ.Ru to the register of banned sites, arguing that they contain “calls for illegal activities and participation in mass events held in violation of the established order. On the same day, Alexei Navalny’s blog in ZHG was also blocked. In December 2017, websites associated with the Open Russia movement were blacklisted by Roskomnadzor. According to the movement’s founder Mikhail Khodorkovsky, the blocking of resources violates constitutional norms on freedom of speech and is a criminal offense against the order of government, in particular, there is abuse of office in the actions of officials.

According to Meduza, in executing decisions restricting access to information, Roskomnadzor officials interact with the presidential administration to make decisions regarding political resources.

In the summer of 2017, a law was passed banning the use of VPN services to access information banned in Russia, which prescribes services to interfere with user traffic and block access to sites. In January 2018, a law came into force regulating the activity of mobile messengers, which obliges services to identify users. At the request of Roskomnadzor, messengers are obliged to limit the ability of users to send messages within a day.

According to RBC, in April 2017 Roskomnadzor decided to block the application Zello in Russia; presumably, this measure was taken to prevent protests of truck drivers. In May 2017, Roskomnadzor blocked BlackBerry Messenger, Imo, Line, and Vchat.

In June 2017, a vulnerability was discovered in Roskomnadzor’s registry, allowing sites not included in the registry to be blocked. According to Meduza, this resulted in the blocked servers of a number of Russian banks, in particular Sberbank, Rosbank, and Avangard, among those blocked in Russia.

In November 2014, Roskomnadzor issued a warning to Echo Moskvy radio station in connection with its “positive assessment” of the Ukrainian Right Sector, which, according to Zharov, “was recognized as an extremist organization in Russia by a decision of the General Prosecutor’s Office. However, according to the Sova Information and Analysis Center, Right Sector was added to the list of extremist organizations only a few weeks after it aired, and no positive characterizations of Right Sector were heard on the radio station itself.

In April 2015, the hacker group Anonymous International released about 2,000 emails, allegedly belonging to Alexander Zharov, which, among other things, contained information about possible lobbying for the television channel Spas, pressure from Roskomnadzor and the presidential administration on the TV channel Dozhd and the revocation of the license of Ekho Peterburga.

In June 2017, the head of Roskomnadzor Alexander Zharov published an open letter to Pavel Durov, warning him about the possible blocking of the Telegram messenger. In March 2018, Roskomnadzor sent a formal notice to Telegram Messenger Limited, requiring the company to provide the FSB with keys to decode messages. Telegram refused to comply with the requirements, believing that they contradicted the Constitution of the Russian Federation. In early April, Roskomnadzor asked the court to immediately block Telegram messenger. Moscow’s Tagansky District Court upheld Roskomnadzor’s suit on April 13.

Possible violations of the law
Alexander Zharov’s actions may contain indications of the following corpus delicti under the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation:

  • Art. 210 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation “Organization or participation in a criminal association (criminal organization)”, i.e. participation in the activities of a criminal association established for the purpose of the forcible unlawful retention of power contrary to the requirements of the Russian Constitution, and the systematic commission of other crimes against authority, justice, interests of service and peace.
  • Art. 136. Violation of Equality of Rights and Freedoms of Man and Citizen “Discrimination, that is the violation of rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of man and citizen on the basis of his sex, race, nationality, language, origin, property and official status, place of residence, attitude to religion, beliefs, membership of public associations or any social groups, committed by a person using his official position.
  • Article 285 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation “Abuse of Office”, i.e. the use by an official of his official powers contrary to the interests of the service and with selfish or other personal interest.