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The accompanying report is a piece of a progression of Social Media Landscape guides delivered by the U.S. Branch of State for its U.S.- European Media Hub which is depicted as interfacing “European crowds with U.S. policymakers and viewpoints.” The Media Hub, which is situated in Brussels, Belgium, is a piece of the International Media Engagement Office of the U.S. Branch of


For USG Official Use Only

Web-based social networking Landscape: Belarus

I. Belarus initially

Web-based social networking appropriation is beginning and restricted to significant urban areas (particularly Minsk)

Broad communications control makes online networking an undeniably progressively believable wellspring of data

Utilization of web-based social networking in government is constrained to a great extent to resistance groups

Absence of framework and the predominant Russian language implies Belarusian online networking are subsumed inside the Russian Internet people group

II. Official Summary

The Internet and online networking are in beginning times of advancement in Belarus. The absence of foundation and the expense of access imply that the online network is described by well-to-do, instructed working classes from the metropolitan regions of the nation (particularly Minsk). Web in Belarus has not yet accomplished the infiltration important to be socially agent.

In spite of the availability challenges, online life are as yet demonstrating well known, especially among more youthful socioeconomics. Online data sources and particularly web based life, guarantee an unprejudiced nature that is frequently ailing in Belarusian broad communications channels, which many consider to be excessively impacted by the national government. From a political perspective, this hosts implied that restriction gatherings have been swifter to explore different avenues regarding on the web commitment to increase open help, despite the fact that their utilization of internet based life as vital instrument for battling is still moderately test.

A noteworthy test for online networking networks in Belarus will be in setting up their own character, separate to the Russian Internet space. The absence of committed Belarusian stages and framework implies that somewhat Belarus online culture is being subsumed by Russia. Online in any event, the limits are obscured.

III. Access

Web get to rates in Belarus are low contrasted with the remainder of Europe, with by far most of action moved in Minsk

The predominant online gathering is men, matured between 15-34, knowledgeable and living the capital

Charges imposed on Belarusian Internet spaces are a noteworthy factor in easing back the improvement of the nation’s online economy

Connection between Internet access and family profile


Hitched: 44.69%

Not wedded: 42.84%

Unregistered wedded: 5.65%

Separated or bereaved: 6.8%

Family size:

Living alone: 6.56%

Living in a group of two: 17.04%

Living in a group of three: 35.84%

Living in a group of four: 31.09%

Living in a group of five +: 9.47%

Web access in Belarus is accessible to 32.5% of the populace, while cell phone entrance remains at 76%. Cell phone entrance rates are low thus most by far of individuals get to online substance through PCs or PCs. Web action is packed in the capital, Minsk, and the encompassing area, where 45.7% of the online populace are dynamic. The rest of individuals is circulated the nation over major urban focuses: 16% in the Brest district, 7.3% in the Vitebsk area, 12.8% in the Gomel locale, 9.9% in the Grodno district and 8.3% in the Mogilev area.

Most of Internet clients are male (53%) and underneath the age of 24 (15-multi year-olds represent 38% of the online populace). 25-multi year-olds structure 25% of the network, 35-multi year-olds 22% and those 45 and over are the minority bunch at 15%. This age profile joined with the segment dissemination make Internet get to the advantage of the more youthful instructed, set up white collar classes. Understudies, “experts” and center to top level chiefs are the biggest three gatherings dynamic on the web, while practically 50% of all Internet clients are hitched (44.7%). Just 9.5% of Internet clients live in groups of more than five individuals, another sign that as of now in Belarus the online populace is only characterized by rich, urban, taught and proficient classes.

Proficient dispersion of Internet clients

Understudies: 18.48%

Experts: 18.18%

Center and ranking directors: 11.27%

Architects/manual specialists: 11.04%

Business visionaries (SME): 4.93%

Regulatory specialists: 4.83%

Joblessness: 1.91%

Others: 17.42%.

In the mean time, from a foundation viewpoint, there are right now around 180 broadcast communications organizations associated with giving Internet get to, another sign that development and combination is yet to be accomplished in the Belarus advertise.

14.9% of Internet clients approach broadband (4.8% of the populace generally), a low figure contrasted with most of other European nations. The major broadband specialist organization is Beltelecom.

A critical factor easing back the improvement of the Internet economy in Belarus is the enrollment procedure important to verify a .by space.

Candidates must enlist their area by means of a privately owned business; “Otrkytyj kontakt”, and a devoted government body; The State Center for Security of Information. The expense of enrollment and backing is around USD50, contrasted with USD2.49 for a similar assistance to help a .ru (Russian) space. Especially in the non-business division, this extra expense is a huge boundary to advancement.

IV. Action

Livejournal is the most well known stage for online movement in Belarus and blogging as a rule is demonstrating a famous action

Russian stages are additionally exceptionally powerful, particularly the informal organization VKontakte. As far as online networking movement, the limits among Belarus and Russia are unmistakably obscured

In spite of the entrance issues, web based life are demonstrating mainstream since they offer an elective wellspring of data to the broad communications, saw by numerous individuals as ailing in believability because of state impact

Blogging is picking up fame in Belarus and the age scope of bloggers is expanding. In 2007, a universal web based life grants occasion named a Belarusian task, Fotografomanstvo (created by Livejournal client ak-bara http://ak-bara.livejournal.com), best blog. Belarusian bloggers are a dedicated network in general; while half keep up one blog, 46% compose a few sites and 4% at least four web journals.

The greater part of Belarusian bloggers are male (75%) and in their mid twenties (normal age 25). 46% are understudies or have accomplished a college degree and generally (79%) live in the Belarusian capital, Minsk. Just like the case in neighboring Russia, the most famous innovation stage for blogging is Livejournal, with WordPress additionally well-utilized.

Nearby blogging stages are additionally now rising. The first of these, blog.inf.by, propelled in 2005. It currently has around 2,200 web journals, including the well known “Library blog”, which centers around libraries and data in Belarus and past and has won a few Belarusian media grants. ByJournal is additionally demonstrating well known and now has organizing occasions to which prominent Belarusian bloggers are welcomed. Another well known, nearby stage is blog.tut.by, which positions itself as the goal for VIP and the stage online journals.

With regards to person to person communication, most of Belarusians utilize Russian stages. VKontakte.ru (a Russian Facebook clone), Livejournal, Liveinternet and Diary.ru are generally famous centers of action. Face.by, propelled as the principal Belarusian interpersonal organization, presently has a little more than 17,000 individuals. The other fundamental systems utilized in the nation are Belarusy.by (25,229 individuals) Vsevmeste.net and Parta.by (a system made explicitly to rejoin previous school cohorts, on which movement levels are generally low). As far as mixed media, a neighborhood photosharing stage, Photoclub.by, is additionally well known. For long range informal communication generally, in any case, enrollment volume and movement rates are low contrasted with those of the Russian-possessed systems.

Migrant gatherings have embraced online networking as a way to keep in touch inside the network. Belarusians who have moved to another country likewise utilize online life so as to connect with individual exiles. Livejournal people group are the most famous channel for such action. Especially noteworthy networks incorporate by_mf, by governmental issues, by_warszawa, belarus_france, by_maskva, by_praha, by_warszawa, catholic_by, great_litva, and ua_by.

In spite of the fact that Internet entrance rates are moderately low in Belarus, among those with get to, online life is demonstrating famous and a chance to organize. Various grassroots occasions have occurred to join the Belarusian Internet people group, including BarCamp-style social affairs assembled ByCamp and conferences of the little however developing digital broadcast network (dynamic on the Russian podcasting stage rpod.ru at bel.rpod.ru and podminsk09.rpod.ru). Since 1999 various conventional meetings outfitted towards invigorating the Belarus Internet economy have additionally occurred. These incorporate the Belarusian Internet Forum (occurred yearly somewhere in the range of 1999 and 2005), local gatherings in Grodno, Vitebsk and Brest and, in 2006, the main meeting committed to online business. Generally, be that as it may, sorted out gathering movement is moderately sporadic.

Customary media investment in online networking

Some experimentation with internet based life is occurring among the news outlets, in spite of the fact that it is as of now restricted in scope. The paper Nasha niva (Наша ніва) has writes by well known editorialists including Alexander Klasnovsky, Lelik Ushkin, conventional clergyman Alexander Shamko, and picture takers Andrey Lenkevich and Yulia Doroshkevich. In any case, their substance and style of introduction contrasts nearly nothing.