The Top Offshore Power Player revealed incl. the Queen, U.S. Billionaires and Putin’s friends

Explore the offshore connections of world leaders, politicians and their relatives and associates.

Blairo borges maggiPARADISE PAPERS

AGRICULTURE MINISTER, BRAZIL

Blairo Borges Maggi

Maggi and other family members appear in Appleby records as beneficial owners of Amaggi & LD Commodities International Ltd., a Cayman Islands company registered on Sept. 9, 2010,

Related to  Brazil Cayman Islands
Clark wesleyPARADISE PAPERS

CANDIDATE FOR U.S. DEMOCRATIC PARTY PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATION

Wesley K. Clark

Leaked records reveal that in 2014, Amaya’s directors retained the services of Appleby’s office in the Isle of Man – the registered agent for nearly 40 of the company’s subsidiaries.

Related to  United States Canada Isle of Man
Kutesa samPARADISE PAPERS

FOREIGN MINISTER, UGANDA

Sam Kahamba Kutesa

Kutesa created the Obuyonza Discretionary Trust in the Seychelles in 2012. The trust held shares in the Seychelles company Katonga Investments Ltd. He created the trust, watched over its administration.

Related to  Uganda Seychelles
Gusenbauer alfredPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER CHANCELLOR, AUSTRIA

Alfred Gusenbauer

Gusenbauer is one of the directors and legal representatives of Novia Management Ltd., a company registered in Malta in 2014, along with fellow Austrian Herbert Stepic, the former chief of Raiffeisenbank International.

Related to  Austria Malta
Khaled bin sultan bin abdulazizPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER DEPUTY MINISTER OF DEFENSE, SAUDI ARABIA

Prince Khaled bin Sultan bin Abdulaziz

In the 1990s and early 2000s, Appleby’s files list Prince Khaled as the beneficiary of the Acorn Trust and the Minstrel Trust.

Dukanovic familyPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER LEADER’S SISTER, MONTENEGRO

Ana Djukanovic

Djukanovic was a shareholder of Ranin Ltd., a company registered in Malta in 2012, the year Djukanovic’s brother was most recently re-elected prime minister.

Related to  Montenegro Malta
Mudhar ghassan shawkat PARADISE PAPERS

FORMER MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT, IRAQ

Mudhar Ghassan Shawkat

According to 2008 confidential emails, the lawyer representing Shawkat and his son, Ali, asked Appleby to hold in escrow about $140 million, the proceeds of the sale of the Shawkats’ properties.

Related to  Iraq British Virgin Islands
Prigodsky antonPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT, UKRAINE

Anton Prigodsky

Prigodsky is listed as the sole shareholder of TUC Ltd., a company registered in Malta in 2013, the principal activity of which is to “carry out shipping activities.”

Related to  Ukraine Malta
Kosgei sallyPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE, KENYA

Sally Kosgei

Kosgei owned Zonrisa Ltd., a Mauritius company previously registered in the Isle of Man under the name Aisha Ltd. Zonrisa owned an apartment in central London near Harrods department store.

Related to  Kenya Mauritius Isle of Man
Ablyazov mukhtarPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER MINISTER OF ENERGY AND TRADE, KAZAKHSTAN

Mukhtar Ablyazov

Ablyazov owned CFJ Star Trust, which was set up in the Cayman Islands in 2007, with a brother-in-law, Syrym Shalabayev. Shalabayev was also accused of involvement in the alleged BTA.

Related to  Kazakhstan Russia Cayman Islands
Mynbayev sauatPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER MINISTER OF OIL AND GAS, KAZAKHSTAN

Sauat Mukhametbayevich Mynbayev

Mynbayev, recorded as a “politically exposed person” in Appleby’s client database, has been a shareholder in Meridian Capital Ltd. since its incorporation in Bermuda in 2002.

Related to  Kazakhstan Russia Bermuda
Gertz manero alejandroPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER NATIONAL SECURITY SECRETARY, MEXICO

Alejandro Gertz Manero

Gertz was vice president of Jano Ltd., a personal investment company incorporated in the Cayman Islands for “tax purposes,” according to Appleby records.

Related to  Mexico Cayman Islands
Mahama familyPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER PRESIDENT’S BROTHER, GHANA

Ibrahim Mahama

In 2013, representatives of Mahama and his contracting company Engineers and Planners Company Limited contacted Appleby about creating two offshore companies in the Isle of Man.

Related to  Ghana Isle of Man
Suharto familyPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER PRESIDENT’S CHILDREN, INDONESIA

Tommy and Mamiek Suharto

Tommy Suharto, who currently heads the Humpuss Group, was a director and chairman of the board of Asia Market Investments Ltd., a company registered in Bermuda in 1997.

Related to  Indonesia Bermuda
Figueres jose maria PARADISE PAPERS

FORMER PRESIDENT, COSTA RICA AND FORMER CEO, WEF

José María Figueres

In 2001 and 2002, during his time with WEF, Figueres sat on the board of directors of Energia Global International Ltd., a renewable-energy company incorporated in Bermuda in 1997.

Related to  Costa Rica Bermuda Italy
Jean chretienPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER PRIME MINISTER, CANADA

Jean Chrétien

Bermuda-registered Madagascar Oil Limited awarded options to Chretien in July 2007 as a consulting fee, according to documents in the Appleby files. Madagascar Oil was formed to explore and drill.

Related to  Canada Madagascar Mauritius
Martin paulPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER PRIME MINISTER, CANADA

Paul Martin

In 1991, CSL Self-Unloader Investments Ltd., part of the CSL Group, was registered in Bermuda. It was created to hold the shares of two Barbadian corporations involved in a leaseback.

Related to  Canada Bermuda
Mulroney brianPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER PRIME MINISTER, CANADA

Brian Mulroney

Mulroney is listed in Appleby’s files as a director between 2004 and 2009 of Said Holdings Limited, a Bermuda company controlled by controversial Syrian-Saudi businessman Wafic Said.

Related to  Canada Bermuda
Hatoyama yukioPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER PRIME MINISTER, JAPAN

Yukio Hatoyama

In March 2013 Hatoyama was appointed honorary chairman and senior consultant of Hoifu Energy Group Ltd., an oil and gas exploration and production company incorporated in Bermuda in 2000.

 

Related to  Japan Bermuda
Shaukat aziz PARADISE PAPERS

FORMER PRIME MINISTER, PAKISTAN

Shaukat Aziz

Aziz, who worked for Citibank before starting his career as a politician, was one of the shareholders and directors of Bahamas-registered Cititrust Limited from 1997 to 1999.

Related to  Pakistan Bermuda Bahamas
Pritzker pennyPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER SECRETARY OF COMMERCE, U.S.

Penny Pritzker

On Dec. 7, 2011, a tax accountant associated with the Pritzker family provided Appleby with a copy of Penny Pritzker’s passport to confirm her identity to enable transactions involving offshore.

Related to  United States Bermuda
Meyer sassoon jamesPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER TREASURY COMMERCIAL SECRETARY, U.K.

James Meyer Sassoon

Leaked documents from Appleby show that Sassoon and several family members have been beneficiaries of a Cayman Island trust fund called the DCR Herschorn Settlement, established by Sassoon’s grandmother decades ago.

Related to  United Kingdom Bahamas
Quintanilla schmidt carlosPARADISE PAPERS

FORMER VICE PRESIDENT, EL SALVADOR

Carlos Quintanilla Schmidt

Quintanilla Schmidt is a director and a board member of Fusades Ltd., which was incorporated as a charitable organization in Bermuda in 2008.

Related to  El Salvador Bermuda
Guoga antanasPARADISE PAPERS

MEMBER OF EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, LITHUANIA

Antanas Guoga

Guoga is a founder and former shareholder of iBus Media Ltd., a gambling news publisher on the Isle of Man. Appleby data show that another shareholder is Mark Scheinberg.

Related to  Lithuania Isle of Man Malta
Sinha rkPARADISE PAPERS

MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT, INDIA

Ravindra Kishore (RK) Sinha

Sinha is a minority shareholder and director of SIS Asia Pacific Holdings Ltd., a subsidiary of Security and Intelligence Services, registered in Malta in 2008.

Related to  India Malta
 jayant sinha. PARADISE PAPERS

MINISTER OF CIVIL AVIATION, INDIA

Jayant Sinha

In 2010, acting as an Omidyar Network representative, Sinha was appointed to the board of directors of D.Light Design, a Californian solar power company that received $5.5 million.

Related to  India Cayman Islands
Atamkulov beitbutPARADISE PAPERS

MINISTER OF DEFENSE AND AEROSPACE INDUSTRY, KAZAKHSTAN

Beibut Atamkulov

Atamkulov is a director of the Maltese company Centraz Finance Ltd., established in 1998. In October 2017 the company was listed as active. Other directors include Atamkulov’s brother, Yerlan Atamkulov.

Related to  Kazakhstan Russia Malta
Meirelles henriquePARADISE PAPERS

MINISTER OF FINANCE, BRAZIL

Henrique de Campos Meirelles

Meirelles created the Sabedoria Foundation with Appleby in Bermuda in December 2002 “specifically for charitable purposes.” While the foundation was active during Meirelles’ tenure as president of Brazil’s central bank it was used for commercial purposes.

Related to  Brazil Bermuda
Hichilema sammyPARADISE PAPERS

OPPOSITION LEADER, ZAMBIA

Hakainde Sammy Hichilema
Hichilema became a director of a Bermuda company, AfNat Resources Ltd., in March 2006, and he resigned that August, according to Appleby’s records. AfNat Resources was incorporated in 2005.
Related to  Zambia Bermuda Canada
Subianto prabowoPARADISE PAPERS

OPPOSITION PARTY LEADER, INDONESIA

Prabowo Subianto

Prabowo was director and deputy chairman of Bermuda-registered Nusantara Energy Resources. The company registered in 2001 was listed as a “bad debtor,” according to Appleby’s records.

Related to  Indonesia Bermuda Singapore
Saraki bukolaPARADISE PAPERS

PRESIDENT OF SENATE, NIGERIA

Bukola Saraki

Saraki was director and a shareholder of Tenia Ltd., a company established in the Cayman Islands in April 2001. Appleby’s records describe Tenia Ltd. as a “holding company.”

Related to  Nigeria Cayman Islands
Assad familyPARADISE PAPERS

PRESIDENT’S COUSIN, SYRIA

Rami Makhlouf

Makhlouf was a shareholder in four Lebanese companies created between 2001 and 2003, before Syrian troops officially withdrew from Lebanon in 2005 after 29 years of military occupation.

Related to  Syria Lebanon
Santos juan manuelPARADISE PAPERS

PRESIDENT, COLOMBIA

Juan Manuel Santos

Files from the Barbados corporate registry show Santos listed as a director of Global Tuition & Education Insurance Corp., a tax-exempt insurance company , until May 2001.

Related to
Sirleaf j ellenPARADISE PAPERS

PRESIDENT, LIBERIA

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf

Johnson Sirleaf was listed as a director of the Bermuda company Songhai Financial Holdings Ltd. a subsidiary of Databank’s finance, fund management and investment company Databank Brokerage Ltd.

Related to  Liberia Ghana Bermuda
Yildirim familyPARADISE PAPERS

PRIME MINISTER’S SONS, TURKEY

Erkam and Bulent Yildirim

The Yildirim brothers are sole shareholders of two companies registered in Malta. The first, Hawke Bay Marine Co. Ltd, was set up in April 2004.

Related to  Turkey Malta
Queen noorPARADISE PAPERS

QUEEN, JORDAN

Noor al-Hussein

Queen Noor – sometimes referred to as “Mrs. Jordan” or “Mrs. Brown” in Appleby’s database – is the beneficiary of two trusts registered in Jersey, according to a document.

Related to  Jordan United States Jersey
Queen ii PARADISE PAPERS

QUEEN, UNITED KINGDOM

Queen Elizabeth II

In 2005, the Duchy of Lancaster, Queen Elizabeth II’s private estate and portfolio, invested $7.5 million in Dover Street VI Cayman Fund LP, according to files from the offshore law office.

Related to  United Kingdom Cayman Islands
Ross wilburPARADISE PAPERS

SECRETARY OF COMMERCE, U.S.

Wilbur Louis Ross, Jr.

Ross, a billionaire Wall Street investor known for buying distressed companies, was a major client of Appleby, which administered more than 50 companies and partnerships.

Related to  United States Cayman Islands
Tillerson rexPARADISE PAPERS

SECRETARY OF STATE, U.S.

Rex Tillerson

Tillerson was a director of Marib Upstream Services Co., a Bermuda-based company created to conduct oil and gas operations in Yemen’s Marib-Al-Jawf basin. Tillerson joined the company’s board in March.

Related to  United States Bermuda Yemen
Valeriy voshchevskyPARADISE PAPERS

VICE PRIME MINISTER, UKRAINE

Valeriy Voshchevsky

Voshchevsky is listed in Malta’s register of companies as one of only two shareholders and directors of Marfa Holding Ltd., along with Maltese citizen Marvic Borg.

Related to  Ukraine Malta
M macriPANAMA PAPERS

PRESIDENT OF ARGENTINA

Mauricio Macri
Macri, his father Francisco and brother Mariano were directors of Fleg Trading Ltd, incorporated in the Bahamas in 1998 and dissolved in January 2009,
B ivanishviliPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER PRIME MINISTER OF GEORGIA

Bidzina Ivanishvili
Bidzina Ivanishvili was owner of Lynden Management Ltd., a company based in the British Virgin Islands. In 2011, the BVI Financial Investigation Agency asked Mossack Fonseca for information.
Related to  Georgia
S d gunnlaugssonPANAMA PAPERS

ICELAND’S PRIME MINISTER

Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
Gunnlaugsson and Pálsdóttir owned a British Virgin Islands shell company called Wintris Inc., which held nearly $4 million in bonds in the three major Icelandic banks.
Related to  Iceland Luxembourg British Virgin Islands
A allawiPANAMA PAPERS

EX-PRIME MINISTER OF IRAQ

Ayad Allawi
Mossack Fonseca supplied his 1985 Panama-registered company I.M.F. Holdings Inc. with people who stood in for Allawi as directors. He was listed as the sole shareholder in 2000.
A abu al raghebPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER PRIME MINISTER OF JORDAN

Ali Abu al-Ragheb
In July 2003, just months before he resigned as prime minister, Ali Abu al-Ragheb and his wife Yusra became directors of the British Virgin Islands company Jaar Investment Ltd.
H al thaniPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER PRIME MINISTER OF QATAR

Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani
In 2002 , Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani acquired a company in the British Virgin Islands and three additional companies in the Bahamas.
Related to  Qatar
A thaniPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER EMIR OF QATAR

Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
In March 2014, less than a year after Al Thani resigned as Qatar’s ruler, a Luxembourg lawyer contacted Mossack Fonseca to convey Al Thani’s interest in buying an off-the-shelf company.
Related to  Qatar
King al saudPANAMA PAPERS

KING OF SAUDI ARABIA

Salman bin Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman Al Saud
King Salman held an unspecific role in Luxembourg company Safason Corporation SPF S.A., which was the shareholder of Verse Development Corporation, incorporated in the British Virgin Islands in 1999.
Related to  Saudi Arabia
A mirghaniPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER PRESIDENT OF SUDAN

Ahmad Ali al-Mirghani
Al-Mirghani was the owner of the British Virgin Islands company Orange Star Corporation, created in 1995. That same year, Orange Star Corporation purchased a long lease of an apartment.
Related to  Sudan
A nahyanPANAMA PAPERS

UAE PRESIDENT, ABU DHABI EMIR

Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Sheikh Khalifa was the beneficial owner of at least 30 companies established in the British Virgin Islands by Mossack Fonseca, through which he held commercial and residential properties.
Related to  United Arab Emirates
P lazarenkoPANAMA PAPERS

CONVICTED FORMER UKRAINE PRIME MINISTER

Pavlo Lazarenko
Lazarenko and his offshore firms have been a target of law enforcement investigations, going back to 1998, when British Virgin Islands police served three search warrants on Mossack Fonseca.
Related to  Ukraine
P poroshenkoPANAMA PAPERS

PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE

Petro Poroshenko
In August 2014, as Russian troops rolled into Eastern Ukraine, Poroshenko became the sole shareholder of Prime Asset Partners Limited, which Mossack Fonseca set up in the British Virgin Islands.
Related to  Ukraine
Aliyeva storyPANAMA PAPERS

AZERBAIJAN’S FIRST FAMILY

Prime Minister Ilham Aliyev’s wife, children and sister
In 2005, President Aliyev’s wife, Mehriban Aliyeva, was named as one of two managers of the Panamanian UF Universe Foundation, incorporated in 2003.
Related to  Azerbaijan
BatboldPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER PRIME MINISTER OF MONGOLIA

Sükhbaataryn Batbold
In November 2003 — when he was deputy foreign minister — Batbold became a shareholder of Batu Mining Limited, an offshore company created in the British Virgin Islands.
Related to  Mongolia
TurnbullPANAMA PAPERS

AUSTRALIA’S PRIME MINISTER

Malcolm Turnbull
Turnbull was listed as a director of Star Technology Systems Limited, a British Virgin Islands company, in December 1993. The company, was set up by Mossack Fonseca.
Related to  Australia
Jiagui storyPANAMA PAPERS

BROTHER IN LAW OF CHINA PRESIDENT

Deng Jiagui
In 2004, Deng Jiagui, the brother-in-law of China’s current President Xi Jinping, acquired a company in the British Virgin Islands called Supreme Victory Enterprises Ltd and was the sole director.
Related to  China
Xiaolin storyPANAMA PAPERS

DAUGHTER OF FORMER CHINESE PREMIER

Li Xiaolin
Li Xiaolin and her husband Liu Zhiyuan were the beneficial owners of “Fondation Silo,” a Lichtenstein foundation that was the sole shareholder of “Cofic Investments Ltd.”
Related to  China
Rotenberg storyPANAMA PAPERS

CHILDHOOD FRIENDS OF RUSSIAN PRESIDENT PUTIN

Arkady and Boris Rotenberg
Arkady and Boris Rotenberg were owners of at least seven companies registered in the British Virgin Islands, six with the help of Markom Management.
Related to  Russia Finland Switzerland
Roldugin storyPANAMA PAPERS

CLOSE FRIEND OF RUSSIAN PRESIDENT VLADIMIR PUTIN

Sergey Roldugin
Sergey Roldugin was an owner of three offshore companies: Sonnette Overseas, International Media Overseas and Raytar Limited. St. Petersburg-based Bank Rossiya, which the U.S government described as Russia’s “personal bank.
Related to  Russia Switzerland
Makhlouf storyPANAMA PAPERS

COUSINS OF SYRIAN PRESIDENT BASHAR ASSAD

Rami and Hafez Makhlouf
In 1998 Rami Makhlouf used Polter Investments Inc. to invest in Syrian telecommunications with Jordanian investors. In 2002, Makhlouf co-founded Syriatel, a Syrian mobile telecom company.
Related to  Syria
Cameron storyPANAMA PAPERS

FATHER OF BRITISH PRIME MINISTER

Ian Cameron
Cameron helped create and develop Blairmore Holdings Inc. in Panama in 1982 and was involved in the investment fund until his 2010 death.
Related to  United Kingdom
Mubarak storyPANAMA PAPERS

SON OF FORMER EGYPTIAN PRESIDENT

Alaa Mubarak
Alaa Mubarak owned the British Virgin Islands firm Pan World Investments Inc., managed by Credit Suisse. In 2011, the year in which his father resigned the Egyptian presidency.
Related to  Egypt
Majidi storyPANAMA PAPERS

PERSONAL SECRETARY TO THE KING OF MOROCCO

Mounir Majidi
In March 2006, Mounir Majidi received power of attorney privileges for SMCD Limited, which was incorporated in the British Virgin Islands in 2005.
Related to  Morocco
Sharif storyPANAMA PAPERS

CHILDREN OF PAKISTAN’S PRIME MINISTER

Mariam Safdar, Hasan and Hussain Nawaz Sharif
Three children of former and current Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif – Mariam, Hasan and Hussain– were owners or had the right to authorize transactions for several companies.
Related to  Pakistan United Kingdom
Kufuor storyPANAMA PAPERS

SON OF GHANA’S FORMER PRESIDENT

John Addo Kufuor
In early 2001, shortly after the start of his father’s first presidential term, Kufuor appointed Mossack Fonseca to manage The Excel 2000 Trust.
Related to  Ghana
Nazifuddin storyPANAMA PAPERS

SON OF MALAYSIA’S PRIME MINISTER

Mohd Nazifuddin bin Mohd Najib
In 2009 Nazifuddin became one of the two directors of Jay Marriot International Ltd., which Mossack Fonseca registered in the British Virgin Islands. The other director was Ch’ng Soon Sen.
Related to  Malaysia
Munoz storyPANAMA PAPERS

AIDE TO FORMER ARGENTINE PRESIDENTS KIRCHNER

Daniel Muñoz
Muñoz and his wife were linked to Gold Black Limited, a company incorporated in the British Virgin Islands in 2010 to invest in U.S. real estate.
Related to  Argentina
Hinojosa storyPANAMA PAPERS

“FAVORITE CONTRACTOR” OF MEXICO’S PRESIDENT

Juan Armando Hinojosa
Throughout the summer and fall of 2015, not long after the controversy over the Casa Blanca, Mossack Fonseca helped Hinojosa create three trusts to take over accounts worth approximately $100 million.
Related to  Mexico
Borbon storyPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER KING OF SPAIN’S SISTER

Pilar de Borbón
In August 1974, Pilar de Borbón became president and director of the Panama-registered company Delantera Financiera SA.
Related to  Spain
Ametchi storyPANAMA PAPERS

ASSOCIATE OF COTE D’IVOIRE’S FORMER PRESIDENT

Jean-Claude N’Da Ametchi
Cadley House Ltd. was registered in the Seychelles in 2006. Although the company was at first held through so-called bearer shares, which do not list an offshore company’s owner. the true ownership was unveiled.
Related to  Côte d’Ivoire
Zuma storyPANAMA PAPERS

NEPHEW OF SOUTH AFRICAN PRESIDENT

Clive Khulubuse Zuma
Zuma was authorized to represent Caprikat Limited, one of two offshore companies that controversially acquired oil fields in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Related to  South Africa
Toure storyPANAMA PAPERS

WIDOW OF GUINEA’S FORMER DICTATOR

Mamadie Touré
Touré was granted the power of attorney to Matinda Partners and Co. Ltd, a British Virgin Islands company, in November 2006.
Related to  Guinea
M mustafaPANAMA PAPERS

CONFIDANT TO PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY PRESIDENT

Mohammad Mustafa
Mustafa has been a director of the Arab Palestinian Investment (Holding) Company Ltd. (APIC Holding) since March 2006.
Related to  Palestine Jordan
P delgadoPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER GOVERNOR OF ECUADOR’S CENTRAL BANK

Pedro Delgado
Over the course of 2012, Mossack Fonseca client Austrobank Panama S.A., a subsidiary bank of Grupo Eljuri, one of the largest business conglomerates in Ecuador, processed a mortgage loan on behalf of Delgado.
Related to  Ecuador
S papastavrouPANAMA PAPERS

ADVISED FORMER GREEK PRIME MINISTER

Stavros Papastavrou
From 2005 to 2014 Papastavrou was a member of the councils of the Panamanian foundations Green Shamrock Foundation and Diman Foundation. In 2006, he became the deputy chairman of Aisios.
Related to  Greece
J kyunguPANAMA PAPERS

MEMBER, DRC PARLIAMENT

Jaynet Désirée Kabila Kyungu
Keratsu Holding Limited was incorporated in Niue on June 19, 2001, a few months after Kabila’s brother became president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Related to  DR Congo
Aliyev storyPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER DEPUTY MAYOR OF KAZAKHSTAN CAPITAL

Nurali Aliyev
In June 2008 Aliyev became a shareholder of Baltimore Alliance Inc. Based in the British Virgin Islands, the company was inactivated in 2014.
Related to  Kazakhstan
R francoliniPANAMA PAPERS

HEADED PANAMA STATE OWNED BANK

Riccardo Francolini
In January 2015, Mossack Fonseca resigned as the agent for two offshore companies owned by Francolini because the Panamanian law firm considered him a politically exposed person.
Related to  Panama
C almeydaPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER HEAD OF PERUVIAN INTELLIGENCE

César Almeyda
In 2004 employees of Mossack Fonseca realized via a newspaper article that César Almeyda was a public official working for Peruvian President Alejandro Toledo.
Related to  Peru
A bouchouarebPANAMA PAPERS

ALGERIA’S MINISTER OF INDUSTRY AND MINES

Abdeslam Bouchouareb
Abdeslam Bouchouareb has been the sole owner of the Panamanian company Royal Arrival Corp., which was created in April 2015, since July 2015 .
Related to  Algeria
J botelhoPANAMA PAPERS

ANGOLAS MINISTER OF PETROLEUM

José Maria Botelho de Vasconcelos
On 6 March 2002, when Jose Maria Botelho de Vasconcelos was minister of petroleum for the first time, he was named one of two individuals who had power of attorney.
Related to  Angola
N grindettiPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER BUENOS AIRES FINANCE MINISTER

Néstor Grindetti
From July 2010 to June 2013, Grindetti had power of attorney for Mercier International SA, incorporated in Panama in 2010, to handle company funds deposited with Swiss private bank Clariden.
Related to  Argentina
A vathanaPANAMA PAPERS

CAMBODIA’S MINISTER OF JUSTICE

Ang Vong Vathana
In May 2007, as Vathana celebrated his third anniversary as minister, he became one of five shareholders of the British Virgin Islands company RCD International Limited.
Related to  Cambodia
J cahuzacPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER GOVERNMENT MINISTER IN FRANCE

Jérôme Cahuzac
Jérôme Cahuzac was the owner of a Seychelles company, Cerman Group Limited, incorporated in 2009 and connected to a bank account.
Related to  France
B benediktssonPANAMA PAPERS

ICELAND’S MINISTER OF FINANCE

Bjarni Benediktsson
Benediktsson and two Icelandic businessmen owned a Seychelles shell company called Falson & Co, which was purchased through the Luxembourg branch of the Icelandic bank Landsbanki in 2005.
Related to  Iceland
O nordalPANAMA PAPERS

ICELAND’S INTERIOR MINISTER

Ólöf Nordal
Ólöf Nordal and her husband, Tómas Már Sigurdsson, a senior executive with American aluminum company Alcoa, controlled Dooley Securities SA when they obtained power of attorney privileges in November 2006.
Related to  Iceland
K mizziPANAMA PAPERS

MALTA’S MINISTER OF ENERGY AND HEALTH

Konrad Mizzi
In July 2013, four months after Mizzi joined the Maltese government, an accounting firm in Malta bought several Panamanian companies from Mossack Fonseca, including Hearnville Inc. In June 2015,
Related to  Malta
J lyraPANAMA PAPERS

ONCE BRAZIL’S RICHEST MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT

João Lyra
In 2009, Lyra was granted a power of attorney for Refill Trading Corp. The company was incorporated in Panama in January 2009 and remained active in March 2016.
Related to  Brazil
G chiribogaPANAMA PAPERS

LONG-TIME, HIGH-RANKING ECUADORAN OFFICIAL

Galo Chiriboga
In 1999, Chiriboga, then a lawyer in private practice, was hired to collect a debt from a couple who owned a house in the exclusive residential area of La Viña.
Related to  Ecuador
Z horvathPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER MEMBER HUNGARIAN ASSEMBLY

Zsolt Horváth
In October 2013, when he was still a member of the National Assembly, Zsolt Horváth became director of Excelle Media International Ltd.
Related to  Hungary
K rawalPANAMA PAPERS

DEPUTY CHIEF JUSTICE OF KENYA’S SUPREME COURT

Kalpana Rawal
Rawal and her husband were directors of two companies based in the British Virgin Islands, prior to her joining the nation’s Supreme Court.
Related to  Kenya India United Kingdom
P piskorskiPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER WARSAW MAYOR; FORMER MEMBER EU PARLIAMENT

Paweł Piskorski
In 2012 Paweł Piskorski acquired a Panamanian company, Stardale Management Inc, to “buy bonds of a Singapore company.” In 2013 he tried to open a bank account with FPB Bank.
Related to  Poland
A saudPANAMA PAPERS

SAUDI CROWN PRINCE

Mohammad bin Naif bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud
On Oct. 1, 2007, the Paris branch of Swiss bank UBS bought the Panamanian companies Alyneth Limited and Havelock Capital Corporation from Mossack Fonseca.
Related to  Saudi Arabia
P sharplesPANAMA PAPERS

BARONESS AND LIFETIME MEMBER OF U.K. PARLIAMENT

Pamela Sharples
In 1995, Pamela Sharples became the sole shareholder of Nunswell Investments Limited, a company based in the Bahamas that she used to make investments.
Related to  United Kingdom
M matesPANAMA PAPERS

MEMBER OF BRITISH PARLIAMENT

Michael Mates
Mates’ parliamentary financial disclosures listed him as chairman of Haylandale Limited from April 2005 to at least April 2010, when he stepped down from his parliamentary seat for the constituency..
Related to  United Kingdom
S manPANAMA PAPERS

VENEZUELAN OIL COMPANY EXECUTIVE

Jesús Villanueva
In March 2009, Mossack Fonseca Luxembourg helped to incorporate Blue Sea Enterprises Corp. in Panama. The main purpose of the company was handling offshore savings accumulated by Villanueva.
Related to  Venezuela
A ovallePANAMA PAPERS

CLOSE ASSOCIATE OF CHILEAN INTELLIGENCE AGENCY OFFICIAL

Alfredo Ovalle Rodríguez
In 2002, Alfredo Ovalle Rodriguez and Raimundo Langlois Vicuña were given a power of attorney for Sierra Leona SA, a Panamanian company created in 1987.
Related to  Chile
I kirbyPANAMA PAPERS

SENIOR JUDGE IN BOTSWANA

Ian Kirby
Kirby, president of Botswana’s Court of Appeal, was one of dozens of shareholders of seven British Virgin Islands companies.
Related to  Botswana
B itouaPANAMA PAPERS

HEAD OF NATIONAL OIL COMPANY

Bruno Jean-Richard Itoua
Bruno Jean-Richard Itoua had power of attorney to represent two offshore companies in 2004, while he was energy adviser to the President of the Republic of Congo.
Related to  Congo
J iboriPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER GOVERNOR OF NIGERIA’S DELTA STATE

James Ibori
Mossack Fonseca was the registered agent of four offshore companies connected to James Ibori, including Julex Foundation, of which Ibori and family members were beneficiaries.
Related to  Nigeria
E ndahiroPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER RWANDA INTELLIGENCE CHIEF

Emmanuel Ndahiro
Emmanuel Ndahiro became a director of British Virgin Islands company Debden Investments Limited in September 1998, the same year in which Ndahiro regularly appeared in international news as a spokesman.
Related to  Rwanda
S manPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER ZAMBIA AMBASSADOR TO THE UNITED STATES

Attan Shansonga
In 1998, Shansonga became a director of Starflight Ventures Limited, Stacey Investment Holdings Ltd and Debden Investments Limited. The activities of these companies were not revealed.
Related to  Zambia
V cruzPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, VENEZUELAN ARMED FORCES

Víctor Cruz Weffer
Records showed Cruz Weffer was the shareholder of Univers Investments Ltd., a company incorporated in Seychelles in 2007.
Related to  Venezuela
A kejriwalPANAMA PAPERS

FORMER HEAD DELHI BRANCH OF POLITICAL PARTY

Anurag Kejriwal
Kejriwal and his wife set up their first company in the British Virgin Islands in 2007. In 2008 and 2010, they restructured their assets and established two foundations in Panama.
Related to  India
Li storyPANAMA PAPERS

GRANDCHILD OF HIGH-RANKING CHINESE COMMUNIST OFFICIAL

Jasmine Li
When Jasmine Li was still a teenager and studying at Stanford University, she became the sole shareholder of Harvest Sun Trading Limited, a company that was incorporated in the British Virgin Islands.
Related to  China
Oliveira storyPANAMA PAPERS

LINKED TO SUSPECTED BRIBE PAID TO BRAZILIAN LEGISLATIVE LEADER

Idalécio de Oliveira
Idalécio de Oliveira owned a conglomerate he called the “Lusitania Group,” made up of 14 companies incorporated in the British Virgin Islands from 2003 to 2011, with interests in oil and other investments.
Related to  Brazil Portugal
Annan storyPANAMA PAPERS

SON OF FORMER UNITED NATIONS SECRETARY GENERAL

Kojo Annan
Kojo Annan was sole director of the Samoan company Sapphire Holding Ltd, originally incorporated in Niue in 2003, which he had used to buy an apartment in central London.
Related to  Ghana
Nicosia storyPANAMA PAPERS

CHARGED IN FRAUD ALONG WITH ITALIAN SENATOR

Giuseppe Donaldo Nicosia
Nicosia was the sole shareholder of the British Virgin Islands company Darion Trading Ltd, incorporated in May 2011. In November 2011, Nicosia, as an individual, sold two New York apartments.
Related to  Italy
Rosenthal storyPANAMA PAPERS

SON OF HONDURAN VICE PRESIDENT

César Rosenthal
Rosenthal was sole shareholder and president of Renton Management SA, incorporated in Panama in February 2014 to purchase an aircraft. In October 2015, Guatemalan prosecutors investigating drug trafficking confiscated properties.
Related to  Honduras
Gutierrez storyPANAMA PAPERS

BROTHER-IN-LAW OF BOGOTA’S MAYOR

Carlos Gutiérrez Robayo
From 2007 to 2014, Gutiérrez Robayo created a network of 12 offshore companies and three foundations in Panama and the British Virgin Islands handled by his firm Trenaco Colombia.
Related to  Colombia
Pouye storyPANAMA PAPERS

ARRESTED IN SENEGAL ALONGSIDE EX-MINISTER

Mamadou Pouye
Pouye first appeared in Mossack Fonseca’s files in October 2008, instructing the law firm to open a bank account for the Panama company Seabury Inc.
Related to  Senegal
Domecq storyPANAMA PAPERS

WIFE OF SPAIN’S AGRICULTURE MINISTER

Micaela Domecq Solís-Beaumont
Micaela Domecq Solís-Beaumont was empowered to approve transactions of Rinconada Investments Group SA, a Panama company registered in 2005.
Related to  Spain Belgium
Devillers storyPANAMA PAPERS

BUSINESS PARTNER OF CHINESE POLITICIAN’S WIFE

Patrick Henri Devillers
In September 2000, Devillers helped Gu Kailai, the wife of a high-ranking Chinese Communist Party official, incorporate Russell Properties S.A. in the British Virgin Islands.
Related to  China France
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TOP SECRET – The Bahamas Offshore Companies unveiled

Data From
ASIA CONSTRUCTION CORPORATION LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
EURO LOGISTICS LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
EURO LEISURE LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
EURO DATA PROCUREMENT LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
STERLING INDUSTRIES LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
GENERAL COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISES LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
NEWARK INDUSTRIES LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
SUMMIT ENTERPRISES INC. Bahamas Leaks
ARMACO INTERNATIONAL LTD. Bahamas Leaks
EPEA INTERNATIONAL LTD. Bahamas Leaks
COWBEL LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
VAARING CONSULTING LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
RICHFIELD INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
CHRISTOPHER & COMPANY LTD. Bahamas Leaks
ROZPUK INC. Bahamas Leaks
SPRINGFLOWER PROPERTIES LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
FIDUPUR LTD Bahamas Leaks
BELCAY LTD Bahamas Leaks
VERMALA ENTERPRISES LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
SETDCO ENGINEERING CORPORATION Bahamas Leaks
CROWN SEISURE INC. Bahamas Leaks
FUTURE TECHNOLOGY INC. Bahamas Leaks
BUCKINGHAM COMPUTER SERVICES LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
G.A.H. SECURITIES LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
BG BAHAMAS CORPORATION Bahamas Leaks
WORLDGLASS VENTURES LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
LIMARA TECHNOLOGY INC. Bahamas Leaks
PERFECT PROMOTIONS LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
ALPHA ELECTRONICS CORPORATION Bahamas Leaks
WESTBURY PROPERTIES LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
VAN DE DRUGHT INVESTMENTS LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
BLUE ATLANTA (INTERNATIONAL) LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
RENFREW S.A Bahamas Leaks
PERSONAL CONSULTING LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
G.T.S. LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
CBOT LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
NORTH CARIBBEAN SYSTEMS LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
E.T.L. HOLDINGS LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
BEL-TEX DEVELOPMENT COMPANY LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
BIOTRON INTERNATIONAL LTD Bahamas Leaks
CARIBBEAN FUND INTERNATIONAL INC. Bahamas Leaks
MAVERICK INTERNATIONAL LTD Bahamas Leaks
CEA SUBHOLDING INC Bahamas Leaks
JOYCE INVESTMENTS LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
RHINO GARMENTS INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
KEAT INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENTS CORPORATION Bahamas Leaks
NORTH COUNTRY TRADING INC. Bahamas Leaks
GODWIT PRODUCTIONS LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
CORDOBA INVESTMENTS LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
GODJAM CORPORATION Bahamas Leaks
AMBAR REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT LTD. Bahamas Leaks
NEW ADVENTURES INC Bahamas Leaks
HTS LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
TRI-CONTINENT MANAGEMENT AND ADVISORY SERVICES CORPORATION Bahamas Leaks
LOITA HOLDINGS CORPORATION LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
MANOR ESTATE LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
BROADGATE HOLDING LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
INTERCALL LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
OSTER SERVICES LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
INGLETON LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
FOTHERINGTON LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
FLUXION LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
ROSSVALE LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
INTMARK LTD. Bahamas Leaks
CARIBBEAN STAR LTD Bahamas Leaks
AXIOM CORPORATION Bahamas Leaks
GINKGO LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
N.L.B. ENGINEERING INC Bahamas Leaks
BALLARD INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
ENVIROTECH INTERNATIONAL CORP. Bahamas Leaks
P.C.F. FOUNDATION LIMITED Bahamas Leaks
SUD INVESTMENT MANAGERS LTD. Bahamas Leaks
INTERNATIONAL CONSTRUCTION SERVICES LIMITED Panama Papers
CAMIR HOLDINGS LTD. Panama Papers
PANELS INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Panama Papers
AKY LTD. Panama Papers
VIKING ENTERPRISES LTD. Bahamas Leaks
CUSTOM PROJECTS LTD. Bahamas Leaks
MIDELEX INVESTMENTS INC. Panama Papers
CHEER BRIGHT INTERNATIONAL LTD. Panama Papers
COSMOS STARS LIMITED Panama Papers
CASTLE PACIFIC LIMITED Panama Papers
AL DAWLIA MASKHARA LTD. Panama Papers
DRAYCOTT LIMITED Panama Papers
LEOPARD INDUSTRIES LIMITED Panama Papers
PEMBROKE PROPERTIES LIMITED Panama Papers
RAZMET AGENCIES LIMITED Panama Papers
GUNTER INTERNATIONAL S.A. Panama Papers
UNIQUE INTERNATIONAL CORP. Panama Papers
NORFOLK OVERSEAS HOLDINGS CORP. Panama Papers
GOODYEAR ENERGY GROUP INC. Panama Papers
TILBURY HOLDINGS LIMITED Panama Papers
AGB INVEST LTD. Panama Papers
FARNDALE LIMITED Panama Papers
HILLSTON TRADING LTD. Panama Papers
PERIVAL HOLDING LTD. Panama Papers
CORY PROPERTIES LIMITED Panama Papers
PENTON HOLDINGS INC. Panama Papers
DOIS CENTAURI LTD Bahamas Leaks
BRADY INTERNATIONAL GROUP INC. Panama Papers
HONORWAY INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Panama Papers
ALAN & CLARKE TRADERS INC. Panama Papers
BALDWIN INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Panama Papers
FERRY INTERNATIONAL INC. Panama Papers
LUANDA INVESTMENTS LIMITED Panama Papers
ZULA INVESTMENT SERVICES LIMITED (ZULA INTERNATIONAL) Panama Papers
MAURITIUS LTD. Panama Papers
DAGOS HOLD. LTD. Panama Papers
LEADON INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Panama Papers
STARP LIMITED Panama Papers
MILART LIMITED Panama Papers
GREENTREES INVESTMENT LTD. Panama Papers
STONIBROOK LIMITED Panama Papers
LEEMANT HOLDINGS LIMITED Panama Papers
BURGANDY INVESTMENTS LIMITED Panama Papers
SHANSEN TRADING LIMITED Panama Papers
HEALTH TRADE INTERNATIONAL (HK) LTD. Panama Papers
INTMARK LTD. Panama Papers
PEACHES HOLDINGS INCORPORATED Panama Papers
PAPWORTH INVESTMENTS LIMITED Panama Papers
DEEP SHAFT MINING AND MINERALS LIMITED Panama Papers
DERBEN INVESTMENTS LIMITED Panama Papers
WESTROM HOLDING LTD. Panama Papers
S.A.M. ENTERPRISES LIMITED- Panama Papers
ARAGON CORPORATION Panama Papers
BEKARY HOLDINGS LTD. Panama Papers
GATEWAY TRADING LIMITED Panama Papers
CAMBRETTE LIMITED Panama Papers
BARRET LIMITED Panama Papers
PANTHER INDUSTRIES LIMITED Panama Papers
REMINGTON INVESTMENTS LTD. Panama Papers
ZAME HOLDINGS LIMITED Panama Papers
EVERICH MANAGEMENT LIMITED Panama Papers
LONGMAN HOLDINGS LIMITED Panama Papers
U.K. LINES LIMITED Panama Papers
ISEA INTERNATIONAL LTD. Panama Papers
VRIT CONSULTANTS LTD. Panama Papers
JAMIECE INCORPORATED Panama Papers
GREEN CONSULTANTS INC. Panama Papers
W.T. THOMPSON SERVICES LIMITED Panama Papers
NAVARRE LIMITED Panama Papers
ADKA HOLDINGS LIMITED Panama Papers
ARCHIBALD RUSSELL LIMITED Panama Papers
ATLAS FILMS LIMITED Panama Papers
SOJUS – LOVSKA S.A. Panama Papers
ZION EQUITIES LTD. Panama Papers
ALIEHS CORPORATION S.A. Panama Papers
J & W INC. Panama Papers
BASINGER INVESTMENTS INC. Panama Papers
IPSC INTERNATIONAL PETROLEUM SERVICES CONSULTANTS LIMITED Panama Papers
KUDOS LIMITED Panama Papers
CORPORAL TRADING LIMITED Panama Papers
TOSH TRADING COMPANY LIMITED Panama Papers
ARCHLEY TRADING LIMITED Panama Papers
SABRE PETROCHEMICALS LIMITED Panama Papers
PADGATE INVESTMENTS LIMITED Panama Papers
BURFIN CORPORATION S.A. Panama Papers
MAYFIELD INTERNATIONAL INC. Panama Papers
NOVELL CONSULTANTS INC. Panama Papers
BRANTFORD PROPERTIES INC. Panama Papers
STABLE SECURITIES LIMITED Panama Papers
PALMVILLE COMPANY LTD. Panama Papers
CHATEAU RENARD LIMITED Panama Papers
BRADE PROPERTIES LIMITED Panama Papers
MONTROSE INTERNATIONAL S.A. Panama Papers
CEDAL COMPANY LTD. Panama Papers
COBER MANAGEMENT LTD. Panama Papers
STOCK SHOTS INTERNATIONAL S.A. Panama Papers
BALMAR INTERNATIONAL INC. Panama Papers
CHANCERY PROPERTIES INC. Panama Papers
STRONGFORTH INVESTMENTS LIMITED Panama Papers
DELAS LIMITED Panama Papers
RIVA INCORPORATED S.A. Panama Papers
VENCAN HOLDINGS CORPORATION Panama Papers
SOPETRO INTERNATIONAL INC. Panama Papers
FIELD MANAGEMENT LIMITED Panama Papers
CENTURY INDUSTRIES LTD. Panama Papers
SPARE TRADING INCORPORATED Panama Papers
KENWARD SYSTEM (BAHAMAS) LIMITED Panama Papers
CLAXTON LIMITED Panama Papers
PLUGAD TRADING LIMITED Panama Papers
WALDEN INVESTMENTS LIMITED Panama Papers
THE AQUITAINE CORPORATION Panama Papers
T.S.M. PROPERTIES LIMITED Panama Papers
FLANDERS LIMITED Panama Papers
ABCHURCH BUCK LIMITED Panama Papers
COLE INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Panama Papers
WAKELIN MANAGEMENT LIMITED Panama Papers
KENWOOD INTERNATIONAL INC. Panama Papers
REDFIELD INVESTMENTS INC. Panama Papers
HR HOLDINGS INC. Panama Papers
EMEX HOLDING LTD. Panama Papers
KEAT INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENTS CORPORATION Panama Papers
PYMER HOLDING LTD. Panama Papers
SUNFOOD LIMITED Panama Papers
GASEL INTERNATIONAL LTD. Panama Papers
DOVELAN PROPERTIES LTD. Panama Papers
ADRA INTERNATIONAL LTD. Panama Papers
I.L.S. (SOFTWARE) LIMITED Panama Papers
BALMORAL LIMITED Panama Papers

 

UNITED COMMODITIES (BAHAMAS) LIMITED Panama Papers
T.P.I. LIMITED Panama Papers
KOON ON PROPERTIES LTD. Panama Papers
TRANSEUROPE STRATEGIC CONSULTANTS LIMITED Panama Papers
WARRINGTON INTERNATIONAL CORP. Panama Papers
MARSDEN PROPERTIES LIMITED Panama Papers
RANSOM TRADING LTD. Panama Papers
NAVESTOCK CORPORATION Panama Papers
BARRYFIELD HOLDINGS LIMITED Panama Papers
EURO STAT TEAM LIMITED Panama Papers
CRONY GARDENS LTD. Panama Papers
AIRLIE MANAGEMENT INC. Panama Papers
ANSDALE ASSOCIATION CORP. Panama Papers
PROMENT INTERNATIONAL LTD. Panama Papers
COLONIAL WELFARE LIMITED Panama Papers
HOLLINS ENTERPRISES LIMITED Panama Papers
DARWAY GLOBAL ENTERPRISES LTD. Panama Papers
STARCROSS CORPORATION Panama Papers
MADSEN INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Panama Papers
SQUIRREL SOFTWARE DESIGNS LIMITED Panama Papers
ZAMINDAR HOLDINGS LIMITED Panama Papers
VANTAX HOLDINGS S.A. Panama Papers
MALLEN INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Panama Papers
HENDRICKS MANAGEMENT CORPORATION Panama Papers
BASTABLE MANAGEMENT INC. Panama Papers
AVIRRO HOLDINGS LIMITED Panama Papers
M & H INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Panama Papers
YAKO MUSICAL INSTRUMENT (BAHAMAS) CO. LTD. Panama Papers
BETA ENTERPRISES LTD. Bahamas Leaks
VIGILANT INVESTMENTS LIMITED Panama Papers
WEBCO INTERNATIONAL S.A. Panama Papers
TOPIVAX INTERNATIONAL INC. Panama Papers
BRYSON LIMITED Panama Papers
IMMEDIATE CONSTRUCTION LIMITED Panama Papers
WYTCH PROPERTIES LIMITED Panama Papers
AROMA PHARMACEUTICAL DISTRIBUTORS LIMITED Panama Papers
STARCROSS LEISURE LIMITED Panama Papers
SHAMBORD INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Panama Papers
SPINEX TRADING (HOLDING) LTD. Panama Papers
WAHAD LIMITED Panama Papers
WELBID LIMITED Panama Papers
KIMBERLEY LIMITED Panama Papers
THE H T PARTNERSHIP LIMITED Panama Papers
FARNABY INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Panama Papers
WINNIPEG HOLDINGS INC. Panama Papers
RAMM EXPORT SALES LIMITED Panama Papers
EASYTEX INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT LTD. Panama Papers
WHITE HORSE COMPANY LIMITED Panama Papers
TRANWELL ENTERPRISES LIMITED Panama Papers
DALWOOD LIMITED Panama Papers
CARDOGAN LIMITED Panama Papers
TIBERON CORPORATION Panama Papers
GOLDEN TOWER HOLDINGS LTD. Panama Papers
KLINE ENTERPRISES LIMITED Panama Papers
RESIMEX TRADING LIMITED Panama Papers
DEVANA INTERNATIONAL LIMITED Panama Papers
APPERLEY ENTERPRISES LIMITED Panama Papers
HODDLE INC. Panama Papers
ROCHERS INTERNATIONAL INC. Panama Papers
PERFECT IDEA LIMITED Panama Papers
WILLIAM’S COMPANY S.A. Panama Papers
ABBASID INCORPORATED Panama Papers
MARIE INTERNATIONAL INC. Panama Papers
SWANSCOMBE INC. Panama Papers
ANTRON LIMITED Panama Papers
TAMFIELD SECURITIES LIMITED Panama Papers
MARDI CORP. Panama Papers
CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS LIMITED Panama Papers
CANDY INVESTMENTS LIMITED Panama Papers
RIVENDALE INVESTMENTS LIMITED Panama Papers
MOORINGS LIMITED Panama Papers
EURO UNIT INVESTMENT LIMITED Panama Papers
TRANS PACIFIC ENTERPRISES CORP. Panama Papers
MILDRED TOO INVESTMENTS LTD. Bahamas Leaks
PENGROVE SERVICES LIMITED JSY. Panama Papers
FAR AWAY HORIZONS CORPORATION Panama Papers
MORET LIMITED Panama Papers
AROSA INTERNATIONAL LTD. Panama Papers
WELLSBURG PROPERTIES LIMITED Panama Papers
JESMOND PROPERTIES LIMITED Panama Papers
CAMEO LIMITED Panama Papers
BARLOW INVESTMENTS LTD. Panama Papers
MAGENTA HOLDINGS LIMITED Panama Papers
SWAN ASSOCIATES INC. Panama Papers
TIPACS LTD. Bahamas Leaks
TONARC TRADING LTD. Panama Papers
BOTHLINK TRADING LTD. Panama Papers
ATON ASSOCIATES LTD. Panama Papers
CURZON INVESTMENTS LTD. Panama Papers
FIELDWEST PROPERTIES S.A. Panama Papers
BROOKSIDE PROPERTIES LTD. Panama Papers
BREWSTER GROUP LTD. Panama Papers
MICHANNE CORPORATION Panama Papers
DENLYN PROMOTIONS LIMITED Panama Papers
TWICOM INC. Panama Papers
KELLARD TRADING LIMITED Panama Papers
EVERGOLDWIN DEVELOPMENT LTD. Panama Papers
WINBALL LTD. Panama Papers
CAPITALCORNER ENTERPRISES INC. Panama Papers
TRADE LINK LTD. Panama Papers

CIA released Bin Laden’s Secrets

In an effort to further enhance public understanding of al-Qa’ida, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) on 1 November 2017 released additional materials recovered in the 2 May 2011 raid on Usama Bin Ladin’s compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan.

With the release of these materials, the information remaining in the collection that has not been released publicly includes materials that are protected by copyright; sensitive such that their release would directly damage efforts to keep the nation secure; pornography; malware; blank, corrupted, and duplicate files. The entire collection has been available to the US Intelligence Community and Department of Defense organizations for years.

The Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) previously released documents from the collection on 20 May 2015, 1 March 2016, and 19 January 2017 after an interagency review spearheaded by the CIA. The releases align with ODNI initiatives for increased transparency – consistent with national security prerogatives – and the 2014 Intelligence Authorization Act, which required the ODNI to conduct a review of the documents for release.

CIA’s 1 November 2017 release includes additional al-Qa’ida letters, videos, audio files, and communications, as well as routine family correspondence. As a result, it builds on the ODNI releases that provided material relevant to understanding the plans and workings of terrorist organizations. The material is posted in its original Arabic format and in as close to the original form as possible, modified only so the files cannot be edited.

All of the material, which includes audio, document, image, video, and software operating system files, can be found on the All Original Filessection of this page. To view material by category, refer to the Audio, Documents, Images, and Video pages. To view the material by the device from which it originated, refer to the Devices page. Lastly, to view Microsoft Office files of various ages and formats that CIA has converted to Portable Document Format (PDF) for ease of viewing, refer to the Converted Material page.

Follow this link to access CIA’s press release.

The files underwent interagency review, and an effort was made to remove copyrighted material. However, the files may still contain some copyrighted works. Further reproduction, distribution, public performance, or public display of any copyrighted work is generally prohibited without the permission of the copyright owner. Copyright owners may request the removal of their content by submitting a notice via mail to Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Public Affairs, Washington, DC, 20505; via fax to 571-204-3800; or via the contact button on the CIA.gov homepage.

A notice must include:

  • A sufficient description of the copyrighted content to locate and remove it;
  • The copyright owner’s contact information or that of an authorized agent;
  • A statement of good faith belief that the use of the content at issue is not permitted by the copyright owner, an authorized agent, or the law; and
  • A statement that the information in the notice is accurate, including that it is submitted by the copyright owner of the content at issue or an authorized agent.

Bin Ladin’s Journal

1 November 2017

In addition to the computer files and digital media recovered in the May 2011 raid on Usama Bin Ladin’s compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, CIA recovered Bin Ladin’s journal. As part of the 1 November 2017 release, CIA made available photographs of the journal, which includes an entry the day before Bin Ladin’s death. Please note the photographs were taken in the urgent hours after the raid as the US Intelligence Community analysts reviewed the material in search of clues that would reveal ongoing al-Qa’ida plots, as well as the identities and locations of al-Qa’ida personnel, and other information of immediate importance.

Journal Download Links (118 MB): [pdf] [zip] [tgz]     [zip md5] [tgz md5]

File Downloads

The material in this file collection may contain content that is offensive and/or emotionally disturbing. This material may not be suitable for all ages. Please view it with discretion.
Prior to accessing this file collection, please understand that this material was seized from a terrorist organization. Out of an abundance of caution we took the site down to resolve technical issues associated with the initial posting – and to remove additional detected malware – but we cannot guarantee that all malware has been removed.
Prior to accessing this file collection, please note the large file sizes of some of the material.
File Types File Index File Bundles File Size MD5 Hash
All Original Files
Various File Index [zip] [tgz] 258 GB [zip md5] [tgz md5]
Original Files by Content Type
Audio File Index [zip] [tgz] 30 GB [zip md5] [tgz md5]
Documents File Index [zip] [tgz] 16 GB [zip md5] [tgz md5]
Images File Index [zip] [tgz] 7 GB [zip md5] [tgz md5]
Video File Index [zip] [tgz] 162 GB [zip md5] [tgz md5]
Original Files by Device
Device List
MS Office Files Converted to PDF
PDF File Index [zip] [tgz] 12 GB [zip md5] [tgz md5]

TOP SECRET – Restricted U.S. Army Space Operations Manual

FM 3-14 Army Space Operations

Page Count: 126 pages
Date: August 2014
Restriction: Distribution Restricted
Originating Organization: Department of the Army
File Type: pdf
File Size: 3,273,115 bytes
File Hash (SHA-256):974DC6FBBC72F7E6F39378AFC790CDEF36F74E7D26ABD07BCC42793CDDFCE037

Download File

FM 3-14, Army Space Operations, provides an overview of space operations in the Army and is consistent and compatible with joint doctrine. FM 3-14 links Army space operations doctrine to joint space operations doctrine as expressed in JP 3-14, Space Operations and other joint doctrinal publications. This FM establishes guidance for employing space and space-based systems and capabilities to support United States (U.S.) Army land warfighting dominance. It provides a general overview of overhead support to Army operations, reviews national guidance and direction, and outlines selected unique space-related Army capabilities. The doctrine in this manual documents Army thought for the best use of space capabilities. This manual also contains tactics and procedures outlining how to plan, integrate, and execute Army space operations.

Space is a warfighting domain with different characteristics from air, land, sea, and cyberspace domains. Space is identified as one of the Global Commons as defined in the National Military Strategy of the United States of America. Army space operations enable Army and joint warfighting, and use of space capabilities is an inherently joint venture. The need for the Army to accomplish space operations is firmly established in national and Service level policies. Moreover, this FM is rooted in Army operations and consistent with Joint doctrine. Space capabilities and the space domain provide a global perspective as satellites allow routine access to denied areas of the Earth.

The space environment is harsh and the distances involved are vast, but it offers unique advantages that make it worthwhile to overcome the adversities of the operational environment. To that end, the space environment continues to become more congested, contested, and competitive. The uses of space are many, applications vary, and space-enabled capabilities are constantly evolving. It is important that Soldiers continue to look to the future with responsiveness, adaptability, and flexibility toward how space enables the Army’s warfighting functions in the conduct of unified land operations.

Army space operations includes all aspects of the employment of specialized Army space forces but also the spectrum of activities associated to the planning, preparation, integration and execution support required to ensure synchronized and effective space-based capabilities from all sources are available to support dominant land operations as part of Unified Action. Army space operations are heavily influenced by understanding the constraints, limitations, and operational needs of the land component users with regard to those space-based capabilities.

The Army depends on space capabilities to enable and enhance unified land operations. Virtually every Army operation relies on space capabilities to some degree to enhance the effectiveness of combat forces. Space capabilities enable the Army to communicate, navigate, target the enemy, and protect forces.

The principles that successfully guide unified land operations are applicable to the space domain. The Army uses space-based capabilities to support its dominance in unified land operations. Space operations are critical to the range of military operations as many space capabilities are embedded in Army operations. The space mission areas form the framework for how space supports the Army warfighting functions, and operations conducted through decisive operations.

1-4. This FM is rooted in basic Army and joint doctrine that is characteristically progressive and evolving. Space is a warfighting domain with different characteristics from land, sea, air, and cyberspace domains. The Army depends on space operations to effectively execute unified land operations. Every Army warfighting function relies on space contributions to some degree to enhance the effectiveness of our combat forces. Space capabilities enable the Army to communicate, navigate, accurately target the enemy, protect, and sustain our forces.

1-5. The U.S. Army is one the largest consumers of space-based capabilities within Department of Defense (DOD). The Army depends on Army space forces (personnel, organizations, space and terrestrial systems, equipment, and facilities), to ensure full access to all current and future space capability in order to fight and survive on today’s area of operations. The Army must leverage the capabilities of space assets. Consistent with the inherent right of self-defense, the Army must deter others from interference and attack, defend our space systems, and contribute to the defense of multinational space systems. If deterrence fails, the Army must defeat efforts to attack its space assets. This must be done while operating in a global information environment against any threats. Consequently, the Army space capabilities must provide continuous, secure, global communications, space situational awareness, space control, and space force enhancement to Army and joint warfighters from strategic to tactical levels.

DOD SPACE POLICY

1-16. Department of Defense directive (DODD) 3100.10, Space Policy implements the National Space Policy and assigns responsibilities for space and space-related activities. This directive states the primary DOD goal is to provide operational space force capabilities to ensure the U.S. has the space power to achieve its national security objectives in accordance with the U.S. National Security Strategy. Additionally the U.S. National Military Strategy recognizes space as one of the global commons and notes that our ability to project power from the global commons may be at risk. The space domain is critical for Army operations, yet becoming increasingly more vulnerable to malicious actions that create a D3SOE. The space environment is continuously becoming more congested, contested, and competitive. Space capabilities and applications will be integrated into the strategy, doctrine, concepts of operations, education, exercises, and operations and contingency plans of U.S. military forces. DOD operational space force structure will be sufficiently robust, ready, secure, survivable, resilient, and interoperable.

OPERATING IN SPACE

1-33. Space is the ultimate high ground and gives land forces the advantage of a global, persistent perspective of the strategic, operational, and tactical situation. Space systems consist of satellites on orbit, ground stations, launch bases, and the communications links and capabilities. Space hosts communications transponders, observation posts for surveillance and reconnaissance, transmitters broadcasting location and exact time information, sensors for weather and other environmental data, and sensors that can warn of enemy actions.

1-34. Space is a domain like land, sea, air, and cyberspace within which military activities are conducted to achieve U.S. national security objectives. Space begins above the atmosphere of the Earth and extends infinitely outward. The U.S. does not formally recognize a lower limit to space. However, space is considered to be the region around the Earth with little atmosphere, where satellites are placed in orbit. Space operations are those enabling operations that create or present opportunities to employ space capabilities to enhance the warfighting potential of the U.S. military and multinational partners. Space operations are generally supported by satellites in orbits around the Earth. Space is interrelated with the other domains and properly integrating these complex functions with the other military activities is critical for successful operations.

1-35. The 1967 Outer Space Treaty, officially known as Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies dictates satellites in orbit must be allowed free passage over countries. Nations cannot claim the space directly above them as their own, as they do with airspace. This allows the U.S., other countries, and commercial entities to orbit satellites that freely traverse or occupy positions while in space over other countries.

1-36. Space-based resources provide freedom of action, global reach, responsiveness, insights in an anti-access, area of denial arena, and are not constrained by geographic borders of otherwise geographically denied regions. Satellites are well suited for reconnaissance and surveillance, imagery, mapping, and intelligence operations because of the access they provide. However, operations in the space environment are bound by other constraints such as the laws of physics, international law, and policies that have a unique set of vulnerabilities.

DIRECTOR OF SPACE FORCES

2-14. A director of space forces (DIRSPACEFOR) is assigned to the commander, Air Force forces staff and serves as the senior space advisor to integrate space capabilities and effects. If the commander, Air Force forces or joint force air component commander is delegated SCA, the DIRSPACEFOR will normally execute SCA responsibilities on behalf of the commander, Air Force forces or joint force air component commander. While each combatant commander may have a DIRSPACEFOR, United States Central Command is the only combatant commander with a standing DIRSPACEFOR with a formal agreement to utilize an Army functional area 40 (FA40) space professional as the Deputy DIRSPACEFOR. When an Army FA40 is serving as the United States Central Command Deputy DIRSPACEFOR, the individual is assigned to USASMDC/ARSTRAT with duty at Air Force Central Command.

2-15. The DIRSPACEFOR is responsible for:

  • Integration of space force enhancement, space control operations, and planning in joint operations on behalf of the combined force air component commander when acting as SCA;
  • Oversee day-to-day functions of the DIRSPACEFOR staff and accomplish assigned duties of SCA;
  • Provide the combined force air component commander and key staff counsel and training in space operations;
  • Assist with planning and executing theater space operations and applying space capabilities throughout the joint targeting cycle;
  • Assist in coordinating tailored space support for operations throughout the area of responsibility;
  • Work directly for the combined force air component commander as special staff providing advice on space capabilities and employment;
  • Ensure continuity of operations, focus, operational stability, and unity of command with multiple rotations of joint space personnel across the area of responsibility;
  • Conduct deliberate planning for contingency operations and exercises, and validate process;
  • Provide reachback support for all forward deployed space forces from all Services in area of responsibility;
  • Interact with multiservice space professionals within the combined air and space operations center; and
  • Provide insight and participate in special technical operations planning, as required.

2-16. During larger standing operations and in crisis planning and execution, the theater SCA function is supported with appropriate manning for staff support based upon the nature of the pending contingency. The manpower and expertise requirements will be reflected in the final approved joint manning document for that headquarters along with an identification of a responsible Service to fill the position. In most cases where the SCA is delegated to the Commander, Air Force forces with an assigned DIRSPACEFOR to support those functions, the Deputy DIRSPACEFOR is normally sourced as an Army space officer, as established in operations. An Army Deputy DIRSPACEFOR supports all the joint functions of the DIRSPACEFOR, can represent specific land component space-related needs and issues to the theater SCA for resolution. An Army Deputy DIRSPACEFOR also acts as an intermediary between DIRSPACEFOR staff and Army SSEs, ARSSTs, ASCE, JTAGS detachments, space situational awareness planning teams (SSAPT), and space control detachments.

Exposed – The Secret Steele Dossier about Trump and Putin – Original Text

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/080

US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE DONALD TRUMP’S
ACTIVITIES IN RUSSIA AND COMPROMISING RELATIONSHIP WITH THE
KREMLIN

Summary

– Russian regime has been cultivating, supporting and assisting TRUMP for
at least 5 years. Aim, endorsed by PUTIN, has been to encourage splits and
divisions in western alliance

– So far TRUMP has declined various sweetener real estate business deals
offered him in Russia in order to further the Kremlin’s cultivation of him.
However he and his inner circle have accepted a regular flow of
intelligence from the Kremlin, including on his Democratic and other
political rivals

– Former top Russian intelligence officer claims FSB has compromised
TRUMP through his activities in Moscow sufficiently to be able to
blackmail him. According to several knowledgeable sources, his conduct
in Moscow has included perverted sexual acts which have been
arranged/monitored by the FSB

A dossier of compromising material on Hillary CLINTON has been collated
by the Russian Intelligence Services over many years and mainly
comprises bugged conversations she had on various visits to Russia and
intercepted phone calls rather than any embarrassing conduct. The
dossier is controlled by Kremlin spokesman, PESKOV, directly on PUTIN’S
orders. However it has not as yet been distributed abroad, including to
TRUMP. Russian intentions for its deployment still unclear

Detail

1. Speaking to a trusted compatriot in June 2016 sources A and B, a senior
Russian Foreign Ministry figure and a former top level Russian
intelligence officer still active inside the Kremlin respectively, the Russian
authorities had been cultivating and supporting US Republican
presidential candidate, Donald TRUMP for at least 5 years. Source B
asserted that the TRUMP operation was both supported and directed by
Russian President Vladimir PUTIN. Its aim was to sow discord and

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

Kr,t-h within the US itself, but more especially within the
d‘ SU n,ty both w hn ‘ which was viewed as inimical to Russia’s interests.

” B “s S ia„ financial -metal said th. TRUMP operation
Sould to seen in iernts of PUTIN’S desire to return to!Nineteenth
roni-nrv’Great Power politics anchored upon countries interests
rhan the ideals-based international order established after Worl a
Two. S/he had overheard PUTIN talRihg in this way in dose associates on

several occasions.

? in terms of specifics, Source A confided that the Kremlin had been feeding
TRUMP and his team valuable intelligence on his opponents, including
Democratic presidential candidate Hillary CLINTON, for several years
^more below). This was confirmed by Source D, a close associate of
TRUMP who had organized and managed Ins recent trips to os ^° ^
who reported, also in June 2016, that this Russian >n»DM» be ™
“very helpful”. The Kremlin’s cultivation operation on 1 RUMP also
comprised offering him various lucrative real estate develop me _ ^

business deals in Russia, especially in relation to the ong g
Cup soccer tournament However, so far, for reasons unknown, T R

had not taken up any of these.

3 However, there were other aspects to TRUMP’s engagement with the
Russian authorities. One which had borne fruit for them was to exploit
TRUMP’S personal obsessions and sexual perversion in order to obta
suitable ‘kompromaf (compromising material) on him. According to
Source D, where s/he had been present, TRUMP’s (perverted) conduct in
Moscow included hiring the presidential suite of the Ritz Carlton Hotel,
where he knew President and Mrs OBAMA (whom he hated) had stayed
on one of their official trips to Russia, and defiling the bed where they had
slept by employing a number of prostitutes to perform a ’golden showers
(urination) show in front of him. The hotel was known to be under FSB
control with microphones and concealed cameras in all the main rooms
to record anything they wanted to.

4. The Moscow Ritz

who said that s/he and several of the staff were aware of it at the time
and subsequently. S/he believed it had happened in 2013. Soui ce E
provided an introduction for a company ethnic Russian operative to
Source F, a female staffer at the hotel when TRUMP had stayed there, who
also confirmed the story. Speaking separately in June 2016, Source B (the
former top level Russian intelligence officer) asserted that TRUMP’s
unorthodox behavior in Russia over the years had provided the
authorities there with enough embarrassing material on the now
Republican presidential candidate to be able to blackmail him if they so
wished.

5. Asked about the Kremlin’s reported intelligence feed to TRUMP over
recent years and rumours about a Russian dossier of ‘kompromat’ on

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

milarv CLINTON fbeing circulated). Source B confirmed the file’s
ex” ttnce S/™ confided in a trusted compatriot that it had been collated
by Department K of the FSB for many years, dating back to hcr husband
Bill’s presidency, and comprised mainly eavesdropped conversations o
various sorts rather than details/evidence of unorthodox or
embarrassing behavior. Some of the conversations were
comments CLINTON had made on her various trips to Russia an
on things she had said which contradicted her current position on vano
issues. Others were most probably from phone intercepts.

6. Continuing on this theme, Source G, a senior Kremlin o ffi ci al . confided
that the CLINTON dossier was controlled exclusively by chief Krem

spokesman, Dmitriy PESKOV, who was responsible for

compiling/handling it on the explicit instructions of PUTIN himself. T
dossier however had not as yet been made available abroad, “eluding
TRUMP or his campaign team. At present it was unclear what PU s
intentions were in this regard.

20 June 2016

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/086

RUSSIA/CYBER CRIME: A SYNOPSIS OF RUSSIAN STATE SPONSORED AND
OTHER CYBER OFFENSIVE (CRIMINAL) OPERATIONS

Summary

Russia has extensive programme of state-sponsored offensive <3*
operations. External targets include foreign governments and mg
corporations, especially banks. FSB leads on cyber «« hin R ““ ,a ”
apparatus. Limited success in attacking top foreign targets like G7
governments, security services and IFIs but much more on.secondM
ones through IT back doors, using corporate and other visito

FSB often uses coercion and blackmail to recruit mostc a p a ble cyber ,
operatives in Russia into its state-sponsored programmes. Heavy
both wittingly and unwittingly, of CIS emigres working in western
corporations and ethnic Russians employed by neighbouring
governments e.g. Latvia

Example cited of successful Russian cyber operation targeting senior
Western business visitor. Provided back door into important es ern
institutions.

Example given of US citizen of Russian origin approached by FSB and
offered incentive of “investment” in his business when visiting Moscow.

Problems however for Russian authorities themselves in countering local
hackers and cyber criminals, operating outside state control. Central Bank
claims there were over 20 serious attacks on correspondent accounts
held by CBR in 2015, comprising Roubles several billion in fraud

Some details given of leading non-state Russian cyber criminal groups

Details

1. Speaking in June 2016, a number of Russian figures with a detailed

knowledge of national cyber crime, both state-sponsored and otherwise,
outlined the current situation in this area. A former senior intelligence
officer divided Russian state-sponsored offensive cyber operations into
four categories (in order of priority):- targeting foreign, especially

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

western governments; penetrating leading foreign business corporations,
especially banks; domestic monitoring of the elite; and attacking political
opponents both at home and abroad. The former intelligence officer
reported that the Federal Security Service (FSB) was the lead
organization within the Russian state apparatus for cyber operations.

2. In terms of the success of Russian offensive cyber operations to date, a
senior government figure reported that there had been only limited
success in penetrating the “first tier” foreign targets. These comprised
western (especially G7 and NATO) governments, security and intelligence
services and central banks, and the IFls. To compensate for this shortfall,
massive effort had been invested, with much greater success, in attacking
the “secondary targets”, particularly western private banks and the
governments of smaller states allied to the West. S/he mentioned atvia
in this regard. Hundreds of agents, either consciously cooperating with
the FSB or whose personal and professional IT systems had been
unwittingly compromised, were recruited. Many were people who had
ethnic and family ties to Russia and/or had been incentivized financially
to cooperate. Such people often would receive monetary inducements or
contractual favours from the Russian state or its agents in return. This
had created difficulties for parts of the Russian state apparatus in
obliging/indulging them e.g. the Central Bank of Russia knowingly having
to cover up for such agents’ money laundering operations through the
Russian financial system.

3. In terms of the FSB’s recruitment of capable cyber operatives to carry out
its, ideally deniable, offensive cyber operations, a Russian IT specialist
with direct knowledge reported in June 2016 that this was often done
using coercion and blackmail. In terms of‘foreign’ agents, the FSB was
approaching US citizens of Russian (Jewish) origin on business trips to
Russia. In one case a US citizen of Russian ethnicity had been visiting
Moscow to attract investors in his new information technology program.
The FSB clearly knew this and had offered to provide seed capital to this
person in return for them being able to access and modify his IP, with a
view to targeting priority foreign targets by planting a Trojan virus in the
software. The US visitor was told this was common practice. The FSB also
had implied significant operational success as a result of installing cheap
Russian IT games containing their own malware unwittingly by targets
on their PCs and other platforms.

4. In a more advanced and successful FSB operation, an IT operator inside a
leading Russian SOE, who previously had been employed on conventional
(defensive) IT work there, had been under instruction for the last year to
conduct an offensive cyber operation against a foreign director of the
company. Although the latter was apparently an infrequent visitor to
Russia, the FSB now successfully had penetrated his personal IT and
through this had managed to access various important institutions in the
West through the back door.

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

5

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

5. In terms of other technical IT platforms, an FSB cyber operative flagged
up the ‘Telegram’ enciphered commercial system as having been of
especial concern and therefore heavily targeted by the FSB, not least
because it was used frequently by Russian internal political activists and
oppositionists. His/her understanding was that the FSB now successfully
had cracked this communications software and therefore it was no longer
secure to use.

6. The senior Russian government figure cited above also reported that
non-state sponsored cyber crime was becoming an increasing problem
inside Russia for the government and authorities there. The Central Bank
of Russia claimed that in 2015 alone there had been more than 20
attempts at serious cyber embezzlement of money from corresponding
accounts held there, comprising several billions Roubles. More generally,
s/he understood there were circa 15 major organised crime groups in the
country involved in cyber crime, all of which continued to operate largely
outside state and FSB control. These included the so-called ‘Anunak’,
‘Buktrap’ and ‘Metel’ organisations.

26 July 2015

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

4 –

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/095

RUSSIA/US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: FURTHER INDICATIONS OF
EXTENSIVE CONSPIRACY BETWEEN TRUMP’S CAMPAIGN TEAM AND THE
KREMLIN

Summary

Further evidence of extensive conspiracy between TRUMP’s campaign
team and Kremlin, sanctioned at highest levels and involving Russian
diplomatic staff based in the US

– TRUMP associate admits Kremlin behind recent appearance of DNC e-
mails on WikiLeaks, as means of maintaining plausible deniability

Agreed exchange of information established in both directions. TRUMP s
team using moles within DNC and hackers in the US as well as outside in
Russia. PUTIN motivated by fear and hatred of Hillary CLINTON. Russians
receiving intel from TRUMP’s team on Russian oligarchs and their families
in US

Mechanism for transmitting this intelligence involves “pension”
disbursements to Russian emigres living in US as cover, using consular
officials in New York, DC and Miami

Suggestion from source close to TRUMP and MANAFORT that Republican
campaign team happy to have Russia as media bogeyman to mask more
extensive corrupt business ties to China and other emerging countries

Detail

1. Speaking in confidence to a compatriot in late July 2016, Source E, an
ethnic Russian close associate of Republican US presidential candidate
Donald TRUMP, admitted that there was a well-developed conspiracy of
co-operation between them and the Russian leadership. This was
managed on the TRUMP side by the Republican candidate’s campaign
manager, Paul MANAFORT, who was using foreign policy advisor, Carter
PAGE, and others as intermediaries. The two sides had a mutual interest
in defeating Democratic presidential candidate Hillary CLINTON, whom
President PUTIN apparently both hated and feared.

2. Inter alia, Source E, acknowledged that the Russian regime had been
behind the recent leak of embarrassing e-mail messages, emanating from
the Democratic National Committee (DNC), to the WikiLeaks platform.

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

The reason for using WikiLeaks was “plausible deniability” and the
operation had been conducted with the full knowledge and support of
TRUMP and senior members of his campaign team. In return the TRUMP
team had agreed to sideline Russian intervention in Ukraine as a
campaign issue and to raise US/NATO defence commitments in the
Baltics and Eastern Europe to deflect attention away from Ukraine, a
priority for PUTIN who needed to cauterise the subject.

In the wider context of TRUMP campaign/Kremlin co-operation, Source E
claimed that the intelligence network being used against CLINTON
comprised three elements. Firstly there were agents/facilitators within
the Democratic Party structure itself; secondly Russian emigre and
associated offensive cyber operators based in the US; and thirdly, state-
sponsored cyber operatives working in Russia. All three elements had
played an important role to date. On the mechanism for rewarding
relevant assets based in the US, and effecting a two-way flow of
intelligence and other useful information, Source E claimed that Russian
diplomatic staff in key cities such as New York, Washington DC and
Miami were using the emigre ‘pension’ distribution system as cover. The
operation therefore depended on key people in the US Russian emigre
community for its success. Tens of thousands of dollars were involve .

In terms of the intelligence flow from the TRUMP team to Russia, Source
E reported that much of this concerned the activities of business
oligarchs and their families’ activities and assets in the US, with which
PUTIN and the Kremlin seemed preoccupied.

Commenting on the negative media publicity surrounding alleged
Russian interference in the US election campaign in support of TRUMP,
Source E said he understood that the Republican candidate and his team
were relatively relaxed about this because it deflected media and the
Democrats’ attention away from TRUMP’s business dealings in China and
other emerging markets. Unlike in Russia, these were substantial and
involved the payment of large bribes and kickbacks which, were they to
become public, would be potentially very damaging to their campaign.

Finally, regarding TRUMP’s claimed minimal investment profile in Russia,
a separate source with direct knowledge said this had not been for want
of trying. TRUMP’s previous efforts had included exploring the real estate
sector in St Petersburg as well as Moscow but in the end TRUMP had had
to settle for the use of extensive sexual services there from local
prostitutes rather than business success.

CONFIDENTIAL/SENSITIVE SOURCE

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/94

RUSSIA: SECRET KREMLIN MEETINGS ATTENDED BY TRUMP ADVISOR,
CARTER PAGE IN MOSCOW (JULY 2016)

Summary

– TRUMP advisor Carter PAGE holds secret meetings in Moscow with
SECHIN and senior Kremlin Internal Affairs official, DIVYEKIN

– SECHIN raises issues of future bilateral US-Russia energy co-operation
and associated lifting of western sanctions against Russia over Ukraine.
PAGE non-committal in response

– DIVEYKIN discusses release of Russian dossier of ‘kompromat’ on
TRUMP’s opponent, Hillary CLINTON, but also hints at Kremlin
possession of such material on TRUMP

Detail

1. Speaking in July 2016, a Russian source close to Rosneft President, PUTIN
close associate and US-sanctioned individual, Igor SECHIN, confided the
details of a recent secret meeting between him and visiting Foreign
Affairs Advisor to Republican presidential candidate Donald TRUMP,

Carter PAGE.

2. According to SECHIN’s associate, the Rosneft President [CEO) had raised
with PAGE the issues of future bilateral energy cooperation and
prospects for an associated move to lift Ukraine-related western
sanctions against Russia. PAGE had reacted positively to this demarche
by SECHIN but had been generally non-committal in response.

3. Speaking separately, also in July 2016, an official close to Presidential
Administration Head, S. IVANOV, confided in a compatriot that a senior
colleague in the Internal Political Department of the PA, DIVYEKIN (nfd)
also had met secretly with PAGE on his recent visit. Their agenda had
included DIVEYKIN raising a dossier of’kompromat’ the Kremlin
possessed on TRUMP’s Democratic presidential rival, Hillary CLINTON,
and its possible release to the Republican’s campaign team.

4. However, the Kremlin official close to S. IVANOV added that s/he believed
DIVEYKIN also had hinted (or indicated more strongly) that the Russian
leadership also had ‘kompromat’ on TRUMP which the latter should bear
in mind in his dealings with them.

19 July 2016

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/097

RUSSIA-US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: KREMLIN CONCERN THAT POLITICAL FALLOUT FROM
DNC E-MAIL HACKING AFFAIR SPIRALLING OUT OF CONTROL

Summary

Kremlin concerned that political fallout from DNC e-mail hacking operation is spiralling
out of control. Extreme nervousness among TRUMP’s associates as result of negative
media attention/accusations

Russians meanwhile keen to cool situation and maintain ‘plausible deniability’ of
existing /ongoing pro-TRUMP and anti-CLINTON operations. Therefore unlikely to be
any ratcheting up offensive plays in immediate future

Source close to TRUMP campaign however confirms regular exchange with Kremlin
has existed for at least 8 years, including intelligence fed back to Russia on oligarchs’
activities in US

Russians apparently have promised not to use ‘kompromat’ they hold on TRUMP as
leverage, given high levels of voluntary co-operation forthcoming from his team

Detail

1. Speaking in confidence to a trusted associate in late July 2016, a Russian emigre figure
close to the Republican US presidential candidate Donald TRUMP’s campaign team
commented on the fallout from publicity surrounding the Democratic National
Committee (DNC) e-mail hacking scandal. The emigre said there was a high level of
anxiety within the TRUMP team as a result of various accusations levelled against
them and indications from the Kremlin that President PUTIN and others in the
leadership thought things had gone too far now and risked spiralling out of control.

2. Continuing on this theme, the emigre associate of TRUMP opined that the Kremlin
wanted the situation to calm but for ‘plausible deniability’ to be maintained
concerning its (extensive) pro-TRUMP and anti-CLINTON operations. S/he therefore
judged that it was unlikely these would be ratcheted up, at least for the time being.

3. However, in terms of established operational liaison between the TRUMP team and
the Kremlin, the emigre confirmed that an intelligence exchange had been running
between them for at least 8 years. Within this context PUTIN’S priority requirement
had been for intelligence on the activities, business and otherwise, in the US of leading
Russian oligarchs and their families. TRUMP and his associates duly had obtained and
supplied the Kremlin with this information.

4.

Finally the emigre said s/he understood the Kremlin had more intelligence on
CLINTON and her campaign but he did not know the details or when or »it wouW be
released As far as ‘kompromat’ (compromising information) on TRUM
concerned, although there was plenty of this, he understood the Kremlin had gi^^
word that it would not be deployed against the Republican president^ ^

given how helpful and co-operative his team had been over sever y ,
particularly of late.

30 July 2016

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/100

RUSSIA/USA: GROWING BACKLASH IN KREMLIN TO DNC HACKING AND
TRUMP SUPPORT OPERATIONS

Summary

Head of PA IVANOV laments Russian intervention in US presidential
election and black PR against CLINTON and the DNC. Vows not to supply
intelligence to Kremlin PR operatives again. Advocates now sitting tight
and denying everything

Presidential spokesman PESKOV the main protagonist in Kremlin
campaign to aid TRUMP and damage CLINTON. He is now scared and
fears being made scapegoat by leadership for backlash in US. Problem
compounded by his botched intervention in recent Turkish crisis

Premier MEDVEDEV’S office furious over DNC hacking and associated
anti-Russian publicity. Want good relations with US and ability to travel
there. Refusing to support or help cover up after PESKOV

Talk now in Kremlin of TRUMP withdrawing from presidential race
altogether, but this still largely wishful thinking by more liberal elements
in Moscow

Detail

1. Speaking in early August 2016, two well-placed and established Kremlin
sources outlined the divisions and backlash in Moscow arising from the
leaking of Democratic National Committee (DNC) e-mails and the wider
pro-TRUMP operation being conducted in the US. Head of Presidential
Administration, Sergei IVANOV, was angry at the recent turn of events.

He believed the Kremlin “team” involved, led by presidential spokesman
Dmitriy PESKOV, had gone too far in interfering in foreign affairs with
their “elephant in a china shop black PR”. IVANOV claimed always to have
opposed the handling and exploitation of intelligence by this PR “team”.
Following the backlash against such foreign interference in US politics,
IVANOV was advocating that the only sensible course of action now for
the Russian leadership was to “sit tight and deny everything”.

2. Continuing on this theme the source close to IVANOV reported that
PESKOV now was “scared shitless” that he would be scapegoated by
PUTIN and the Kremlin and held responsible for the backlash against
Russian political interference in the US election. IVANOV was determined

r

to stop PESKOV playing an independent role in relation to the US going
forward and the source fully expected the presidential spokesman now to
lay low. PESKOV s position was not helped by a botched attempt by him
also to interfere in the recent failed coup in Turkey from a government
relations (GR) perspective (no further details].

3. The extent of disquiet and division within Moscow caused by the

backlash against Russian interference in the US election was underlined
by a second source, close to premier Dmitriy MEDVEDEV (DAM]. S/he
said the Russian prime minister and his colleagues wanted to have good
relations with the US, regardless of who was in power there, and not least
so as to be able to travel there in future, either officially or privately. They
were openly refusing to cover up for PESKOV and others involved in the
DNC/TRUMP operations or to support his counter-attack of allegations
against the USG for its alleged hacking of the Russian government and
state agencies.

4. According to the first source, close to IVANOV, there had been talk in the
Kremlin of TRUMP being forced to withdraw from the presidential race
altogether as a result of recent events, ostensibly on grounds of his
psychological state and unsuitability for high office. This might not be so
bad for Russia in the circumstances but in the view of the source, it
remained largely wishful thinking on the part of those in the regime
opposed to PESKOV and his “botched” operations, at least for the time
being.

5 August 2016

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/101

RUSSIA/US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: SENIOR KREMLIN FIGURE OUTLINES EVOLVING RUSSIAN TACTICS IN
PRO-TRUMP, ANTI-CLINTON OPERATION

Summary

Head of PA, IVANOV assesses Kremlin intervention in US presidential election and outlines leadership
thinkingon operational wayforward

No new leaks envisaged, as too politically risky, but rather further exploitation of (WikiLeaks) material
already disseminated to exacerbate divisions

Educated US youth to be targeted as protest(againstCLINTON) and swing vote in attempt to turn them
over to TRUMP

Russian leadership, including PUTIN, celebrating perceived success to date in splitting US hawks and
elite

Kremlin engaging with several high profile US players, including STEIN, PAGE and (former DlA Director
Michael Flynn), and funding their recent visits to Moscow

Details

1. Speaking in confidence to a close colleague in early August 2016, Head of the Russian Presidential
Administration (PA), Sergei IVANOV, assessed the impact and results of Kremlin intervention in the US
presidential election to date. Although most commentators believed that the Kremlin was behind the
leaked DNC/CLINTON e-mails, this remained technically deniable. Therefore the Russians would not
risk their position for the time being with new leaked material, even to a third party like WikiLeaks.
Rather the tactics would be to spread rumours and misinformation about the content of what already
had been leaked and make up new content.

2. Continuing on this theme, IVANOV said that the audience to be targeted by such operations was the
educated youth in America as the PA assessed thatthere was still a chancethey could be persuaded to
vote for Republican candidate Donald TRUMP as a protest against the Washington establishment (in
the form of Democratic candidate Hillary CLINTON). The hope was that even if she won, as a resultof
this CLINTON in power would be bogged down in working for internal reconciliation in the US, rather
than being ableto focus on foreign policy which would damage Russia’s interests.This also should give
PresidentPUTIN more room for manoeuvre inthe run-upto Russia’s own presidential election in 2018.

3. IVANOV reported that although the Kremlin had underestimated the strength of US media and liberal
reaction to the DNC hackand TRUMP’s links to Russia, PUTIN was generally satisfied with the progress
of the anti-CLINTON operation to date. He recently had had a drink with PUTIN to markthis. In IVANOV’s
view,the US hadtriedto dividethe Russian elite with sanctions butfailed, whilstthey, by contrast, had
succeeded in splittingthe US hawks inimical to Russiaand the Washington elite more generally, half of
whom had refused to endorse any presidential candidateas a resultof Russian intervention.

4.

Speaking separately, also in early August 2016, a Kremlin official involved in US relations commented
on aspects ofthe Russian operation todate. Its goals had been threefold- askingsympathetic USactors
how Moscow could help them; gathering relevant intelligence; and creating and disseminating

compromising information(‘kompromat’). This had involved the Kremlin supporting various US political

figures including funding indirectly their recent visits to Moscow. S/he named a delegation from
Lyndon UROUCHE; presidential candidateJill STEIN ofthe Green Party; TRUMP foreign policy adviser

19

Carter PAGE; and former DIA Director Michael Flynn, in this regard and as successful in terms of
perceived outcomes.

10 August 2016

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/102

RUSSIA/US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: REACTION IN TRUMP CAMP TO RECENT NEGATIVE PUBLICITY ABOUT
RUSSIAN INTERFERENCE AND LIKELY RESULTING TACTICS GOING FORWARD

Summary

TRUMP campaign insider reports recent DNC e-mail leaks were aimed at switching SANDERS (protest)
voters away from CLINTON and over to TRUMP

Admits Republican campaign underestimated resulting negative reaction from US liberals, elite and
media and forced to change course as result

Need now to turn tables on CLINTON’S use of PUTIN as bogeyman in election, although some
resentment at Russian president’s perceived attempt to undermine USG and system over and above
swinging presidents I election

Detail

1. Speaking in confidence on 9 August 2016, an ethnic Russian associate of Republican US presidential
candidate Donald TRUMP discussed the reaction inside his camp, and revised tactics therein resulting
from recent negative publicity concerning Moscow’s clandestine involvement in the campaign.
TRUMP’s a ssociate reported that the a i m of I ea ki ng the DNC e-ma i I s to Wi ki Lea ks during the Democratic
Convention had been to swi ng supporters of Bernie SANDERS awayfrom Hillary CLINTON and across to
TRUMP. Thesevoters were perceived as activistand anti -status quoand anti-establishment and inthat
regard sharing many features with the TRUMP campaign, including a visceral dislike of Hillary CLINTON.
This objective had been conceived and promoted, inter alia, by TRUMP’s foreign policy adviser Carter
PAGE who had discussed itdirectly with the ethnic Russian associate.

2. Continuing on thistheme, the ethnic Russian associateof TRUMP assessed that the problem wasthat
the TRUMP campaign had underestimated the strength of the negative reaction from liberals and
especially the conservative elite to Russian interference. This was forcing a rethink and a likely change
of tactics. The main objective in the shortterm was to check Democratic candidate Hillary CLINTON’S
successful exploitation of the PUTIN as bogeyman/Russian interference story to tarnish TRUMP and
bolster her own (patriotic) credentials.The TRUMP campaign was focusingon tapping into supportin
the American television media to achievethis, as they reckoned this resource had been underused by
them to date.

3. However, TRUMP’s associate also admitted that there was a fair amount of anger and resentment
within the Republican candidate’s team at what was perceived by PUTIN as going beyond the objective
of weakening CLINTON and bolstering TRUMP, by attempting to exploitthe situation to undermine the
US government and democratic system more generally. It was unclear at present how this aspect of
the situation would play out in the weeks to come.

10 August 2016

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/136

RUSSIA/US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: FURTHER DETAILS OF TRUMP LAWYER
COHEN’S SECRET LIAISON WITH THE KREMLIN

Summary

– Kremlin insider reports TRUMP lawyer COHEN’s secret meeting/s with Kremlin officials in
August 2016 was/were held in Prague

– Russian parastatal organisation Rossotrudnichestvo used as cover for this liaison and premises
in Czech capital may have been used for the meeting/s

– Pro-PUTIN leading Duma figure, KOSACHEV, reportedly involved as “plausibly deniable”
facilitator and may have participated in the August meeting/s with COHEN

Detail

1. Speaking to a compatriot and friend on 19 October 2016, a Kremlin insider provided further
details of reported clandestine meeting/s between Republican presidential candidate, Donald
TRUMP’S lawyer Michael COHEN and Kremlin representatives in August 2016. Although the
communication between them had to be cryptic for security reasons, the Kremlin insider
clearly indicated to his/her friend that the reported contact/s took place in Prague, Czech
Republic.

2. Continuing on this theme, the Kremlin insider highlighted the importance of the Russian
parastatal organisation, Rossotrudnichestvo, in this contact between TRUMP campaign
representative/s and Kremlin officials. Rossotrudnichestvo was being used as cover for this
relationship and its office in Prague may well have been used to host the COHEN / Russian
Presidential Administration (PA) meeting/s. It was considered a “plausibly deniable” vehicle
for this, whilst remaining entirely under Kremlin control.

3. The Kremlin insider went on to identify leading pro-PUTIN Duma figure, Konstantin
KOSACHEV (Head of the Foreign Relations Committee) as an important figure in the TRUMP
campaign-Kremlin liaison operation. KOSACHEV, also “plausibly deniable” being part of the
Russian legislature rather than executive, had facilitated the contact in Prague and by
implication, may have attended the meeting/s with COHEN there in August.

Company Comment

We reported previously, in our Company Intelligence Report 2016/135 of 19 October 2016 from the
same source, that COHEN met officials from the PA Legal Department clandestinely in an EU
country in August 2016. This was in order to clean up the mess left behind by western media
revelations of TRUMP ex-campaign manager MANAFORT’s corrupt relationship with the former
pro-Russian YANUKOVYCH regime in Ukraine and TRUMP foreign policy advisor, Carter
PAGE’S secret meetings in Moscow with senior regime figures in July 2016. According to the
Kremlin advisor, these meeting/s were originally scheduled for COHEN in Moscow but shifted to

what was considered an operationally “soft” EU country when it was judged too compromising
for him to travel to the Russian capital.

20 October 2016

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/105

RUSSIA/UKRAINE: THE DEMISE OF TRUMP’S CAMPAIGN MANAGER PAUL
MANAFORT

Summary

– Ex-Ukrainian President YANUKOVYCH confides directly to PUTIN that he
authorised kick-back payments to MANAFORT, as alleged in western
media. Assures Russian President however there is no documentary
evidence/trail

PUTIN and Russian leadership remain worried however and sceptical that
YANUKOVYCH has fully covered the traces of these payments to TRUMP’s
former campaign manager

– Close associate of TRUMP explains reasoning behind MANAFORT’s recent
resignation. Ukraine revelations played part but others wanted
MANAFORT out for various reasons, especially LEWANDOWSK1 who
remains influential

Detail

1. Speaking in late August 2016, in the immediate aftermath of Paul
MANAFORT’s resignation as campaign manager for US Republican
presidential candidate Donald TRUMP, a well-placed Russian figure
reported on a recent meeting between President PUTIN and ex-President
YANUKOVYCH of Ukraine. This had been held in secret on 15 August near
Volgograd, Russia and the western media revelations about MANAFORT
and Ukraine had featured prominently on the agenda. YANUKOVYCH had
confided in PUTIN that he did authorise and order substantial kick-back
payments to MANAFORT as alleged but sought to reassure him that there
was no documentary trail left behind which could provide clear evidence
of this.

2. Given YANUKOVYCH’S (unimpressive) record in covering up his own
corrupt tracks in the past, PUTIN and others in the Russian leadership
were sceptical about the ex-Ukrainian president’s reassurances on this as
relating to MANAFORT. They therefore still feared the scandal had legs,
especially as MANAFORT had been commercially active in Ukraine right
up to the time (in March 2016) when he joined TRUMP’s campaign team.
For them it therefore remained a point of potential political vulnerability
and embarrassment.

3. Speaking separately, also in late August 2016, an American political
figure associated with Donald TRUMP and his campaign outlined the
reasons behind MANAFORT’s recent demise. S/he said it was true that
the Ukraine corruption revelations had played a part in this but also,
several senior players close to TRUMP had wanted MANAFORT out,
primarily to loosen his control on strategy and policy formulation. Of
particular importance in this regard was MANAFORT’s predecessor as
campaign manager, Corey LEWANDOWSKI, who hated MANAFORT
personally and remained close to TRUMP with whom he discussed the
presidential campaign on a regular basis.

22 August 2016

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/111

RUSSIA/US: KREMLIN FALLOUT FROM MEDIA EXPOSURE OF MOSCOW’S
INTERFERENCE IN THE US PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN

Summary

Kremlin orders senior staff to remain silent in media and private on
allegations of Russian interference in US presidential campaign

Senior figure however confirms gist of allegations and repo^ IVANOV
sacked as Head of Administration on account of giving PUTIN poor advice
on issue. VAINO selected as his replacement partly because he was no
involved in pro-TRUMP, anti-CLINTON operation/s

Russians do have further ‘kompromat’ on CLINTON (e-mails) and
considering disseminating it after Duma (legislative elections) in a e
September. Presidential spokesman PESKOV continues to lead on this

However, equally important is Kremlin objective to shift policy consensus
favourably to Russia in US post-OBAMA whoever wins. Both presidential
candidates’ opposition to TPP and TTIP viewed as a result in this respect

– Senior Russian diplomat withdrawn from Washington embassy on
account of potential exposure in US presidential election operation/s

Detail

1. Speaking in confidence to a trusted compatriot in mid-September 2016, a
senior member of the Russian Presidential Administration (PA)
commented on the political fallout from recent western media
revelations about Moscow’s intervention, in favour of Donald TRUMP and
against Hillary CLINTON, in the US presidential election. The PA official
reported that the issue had become incredibly sensitive and that
President PUTIN had issued direct orders that Kremlin and government
insiders should not discuss it in public or even in private.

2. Despite this, the PA official confirmed, from direct knowledge, that the
gist of the allegations was true. PUTIN had been receiving conflicting
advice on interfering from three separate and expert groups. On one side
had been the Russian ambassador to the US, Sergei K1SLYAK, and the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, together with an independent and informal
network run by presidential foreign policy advisor, Yuri USHAKOV

(KISLYAK’s predecessor in Washington) who had urged caution and the
potential negative impact on Russia from the operation/s. On the other
side was former PA Head, Sergei IVANOV, backed by Russian Foreign
Intelligence (SVR), who had advised PUTIN that the pro-TRUMP, anti-
CLINTON operation/s would be both effective and plausibly deniable
with little blowback. The first group/s had been proven right and this had
been the catalyst in PUTIN’S decision to sack IVANOV (unexpectedly) as
PA Head in August. His successor, Anton VAINO, had been selected for the
job partly because he had not been involved in the US presidential
election operation/s.

3. Continuing on this theme, the senior PA official said the situation now
was that the Kremlin had further ‘kompromat’ on candidate CLINTON
and had been considering releasing this via “plausibly deniable” channels
after the Duma (legislative) elections were out of the way in mid-
September. There was however a growing train of thought and associated
lobby, arguing that the Russians could still make candidate CLINTON look
“weak and stupid” by provoking her into railing against PUTIN and
Russia without the need to release more of her e-mails. Presidential
Spokesman, Dmitriy PESKOV remained a key figure in the operation,
although any final decision on dissemination of further material would be
taken by PUTIN himself.

4.

The senior PA official also reported that a growing element in Moscow s
intervention in the US presidential election campaign was the objective of
shifting the US political consensus in Russia’s perceived interests
regardless of who won. It basically comprised of pushing candidate
CLINTON away from President OBAMA’s policies. The best example of
this was that both candidates now openly opposed the draft trade
agreements, TPP and TTIP, which were assessed by Moscow as
detrimental to Russian interests. Other issues where the Kremlin was
looking to shift the US policy consensus were Ukraine and Syria. Overall
however, the presidential election was considered still to be too close to
call.

5. Finally, speaking separately to the same compatriot, a senior Russian
MFA official reported that as a prophylactic measure, a leading Russian
diplomat, Mikhail KULAGIN, had been withdrawn from Washington at
short notice because Moscow feared his heavy involvement in the US
presidential election operation, including the so-called veterans’ pensions
ruse (reported previously), would be exposed in the media there. His
replacement, Andrei BONDAREV however was clean in this regard.

Company Comment

The substance of what was reported by the senior Russian PA official in paras 1
and 2 above, including the reasons for Sergei IVANOV’s dismissal, was
corroborated independently by a former top level Russian intelligence officer
and Kremlin insider, also in mid-September.

14 September 2016

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/112

RUSSIA/US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: KREMLIN-ALPHA GROUP CO¬
OPERATION

Summary

– Top level Russian official confirms current closeness of Alpha Group-
PUT1N relationship. Significant favours continue to be done in both
directions and FRIDMAN and AVEN still giving informal advice to PUTIN,
especially on the US

Key intermediary in PUTIN-Alpha relationship identified as Oleg
GOVORUN, currently Head of a Presidential Administration department
but throughout the 1990s, the Alpha executive who delivered illicit cash
directly to PUTIN

PUTIN personally unbothered about Alpha’s current lack of investment in
Russia but under pressure from colleagues over this and able to exploit it
as lever over Alpha interlocutors

Detail

1. Speaking to a trusted compatriot in mid-September 2016, a top level
Russian government official commented on the history and current state
of relations between President PUTIN and the Alpha Group of businesses
led by oligarchs Mikhail FRIDMAN, Petr AVEN and German KHAN. The
Russian government figure reported that although they had had their ups
and downs, the leading figures in Alpha currently were on very good
terms with PUTIN. Significant favours continued to be done in both
directions, primarily political ones for PUTIN and business/legal ones for
Alpha. Also, FRIDMAN and AVEN continued to give informal advice to
PUTIN on foreign policy, and especially about the US where he distrusted
advice being given to him by officials.

2. Although FRIDMAN recently had met directly with PUTIN in Russia, much
of the dialogue and business between them was mediated through a
senior Presidential Administration official, Oleg GOVORUN, who currently
headed the department therein responsible for Social Co-operation With
the CIS. GOVORUN was trusted by PUTIN and recently had accompanied
him to Uzbekistan to pay respects at the tomb of former president
KARIMOV. However according to the top level Russian government
official, during the 1990s GOVORUN had been Head of Government
Relations at Alpha Group and in reality, the “driver” and “bag carrier”

used by FRIDMAN and AVEN to deliver large amounts of illicit cash to the
Russian president, at that time deputy Mayor of St Petersburg. Given that
and the continuing sensitivity of the PUTIN-Alpha relationship, and need
for plausible deniability, much of the contact between them was now
indirect and entrusted to the relatively low profile GOVORUN.

3. The top level Russian government official described the PUTIN-Alpha
relationship as both carrot and stick. Alpha held ‘kompromat’ on PUTIN
and his corrupt business activities from the 1990s whilst although not
personally overly bothered by Alpha’s failure to reinvest the proceeds of
its TNK oil company sale into the Russian economy since, the Russian
president was able to use pressure on this count from senior Kremlin
colleagues as a lever on FRIDMAN and AVEN to make them do his
political bidding.

14 September 2016

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/113

RUSSIA/US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION- REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE TRUMP’S
PRIOR ACTIVITIES IN ST PETERSBURG

Summary

Two knowledgeable St Petersburg sources claim Republican candidate
TRUMP has paid bribes and engaged in sexual activities there but key
witnesses silenced and evidence hard to obtain

– Both believe Azeri business associate of TRUMP, Araz AGALAROV will
know the details

Detail

1. Speaking to a trusted compatriot in September 2016, two well-placed
sources based in St Petersburg, one in the political/business elite and the
other involved in the local services and tourist industry, commented on
Republican US presidential candidate Donald TRUMP’s prior activities in
the city.

2. Both knew TRUMP had visited St Petersburg on several occasions in the
past and had been interested in doing business deals there involving real
estate. The local business/political elite figure reported that TRUMP had
paid bribes there to further his interests but very discreetly and only
through affiliated companies, making it very hard to prove. The local
services industry source reported that TRUMP had participated in sex
parties in the city too, but that all direct witnesses to this recently had
been “silenced” i.e. bribed or coerced to disappear.

3. The two St Petersburg figures cited believed an Azeri business figure,
Araz AGALAROV (with offices in Baku and London) had been closely
involved with TRUMP in Russia and would know most of the details of
what the Republican presidential candidate had got up to there.

14 September 2016

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/130

RUSSIA: KREMLIN ASSESSMENT OF TRUMP AND RUSSIAN INTERFERENCE IN US
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

Summary

Buyer’s remorse sets In with Kremlin over TRUMP support operation In US presidential
election. Russian leadership disappointed that leaked e-mails on CLINTON have not had
greater impact in campaign

Russians have Injected further antt-CLINTON material into Ihe ‘plausibly deniable’ leaks
pipeline which will continue to surface, hut best material already In public domain

PUTIN angry with senior officials who “overpromised 1 ‘ on TRUMP and lurther heads likely to
roll as result. Foreign Minister LAVROV may be next

TRUMP supported by Kremlm because seen as divisive, anti-establishment candidate who
would shake up current International status quo In Russia’s favor. Lead on TRUMP operation
moved from Foreign Ministry to FSB and then to presidential administration where it now sits

Detail

1. Speaking separately in confidence to a trusted compatriot in early October 2016, a senior
Russian leadership figure and a Foreign Ministry official reported on recent developments
concernmg the Kremlin’s operation to support Republican candidate Donatd TRUMP in the
US presidential election. The senior leadership figure said that a degree of buyer’s remorse
was setting in among Russian leaders concerning TRUMP. PUTIN and his colleagues were
surprised and disappointed that leaks of Democratic candidate, Hillary CLINTON’S hacked
e-mails had not had greater impact on the campaign.

2. Continuing on this theme, the senior leadership figure commented that a stream of further
hacked CLINTON material already had been injected by the Kremlin Into compliant western
media outlets like Wiki leaks, which remained at least “plausibly deniable 4 , so the stream of
these would continue through October and up to the etection. However s/he understood that
the best material the Russians had already was out and there were no real game-changers
to come.

3. The Russian Foreign Ministry official, who had direct access to the TRUMP support
operation, reported that PUTIN was angry at his subordinate’s “over-promising’’ on the
Republican presidential candidate, both in terms of hts chances and reliability and being
able to cover anchor contain the US backlash over Kremlin interference. More heads
therefore were likely to roll, with the MFA the easiest target. Ironically, despite his consistent
urging of caution on the Issue, Foreign Minister LAVROV could be the next one to go.

4. Asked to explain why PUTIN and the Kremlin had launched such an aggressive TRUMP
support operation In the first place, the MFA official said that Russia needed to upset the
liberal International status quo, including on Ukraine-related sanctions, which was seriously

2 *

disadvantaging the country. TRUMP was viewed as divisive in disrupting the whole US
political system; anti-Establishment; and a pragmatist with whom they could do business. As
the TRUMP support operation had gained momentum, control of it had passed from the mha
to the FSB and then into the presidential administration where It remained, a reflection of its
growing significance over time. There was still a view In the Kremlin that TRUMP would
continue as a (divisive) political force even If he lost the presidency and may run for and be
elected to another public ollice.

12 October 2016

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/134

RUSSIA/US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: FURTHER DETAILS OF KREMLIN LIAISON WITH
TRUMP CAMPAIGN

Summary

■ Close associate of SECHIN confirms his secret meeting in Moscow with Carter FACE in July

– Substance included offer of large stake in Rosneft in return for lifting sanctions on Russia. PACE
confirms this is TRUMP’s intention

– SECHIN continued to think. TRUMP could win presidency up to 17 October. Now looking to

reorientate his engagement with the US

■ Kremlin insider highlights importance of TRUMP’s lawyer, Michael COHEN in covert

relationship with Russia. COHEN’s wife is of Russian descent and her father a leading property
developer in Moscow

Detail

T Speaking to a trusted compatriot in mid October 2016, a dose associate of Rosneft President
and PUTIN ally Igor” SECHIN elaborated on the reported secret meeting between the tatter
and Carter PAGE, of L T S Republican presidential candidate’s foreign policy team, in Moscow in
July 2016, The secret meeting had been confirmed to him/her by a senior member of SECHIN’s
staff, in addition to by the Rosneft President himself. It took place on either 7 or 8 July, the same
day or the one after Carter PAGE made a public speech to the Higher Economic School in
Moscow.

2. In terms of the substance of their discussion/ SECHIN’s assoriate said that the Rosneft
President was so keen to lift personal and corporate western sanctions imposed on the
company, that he offered PAGE/TRUMPs associates the brokerage of up to a 19 per cent
(privatised) stake in Rosneft in return, PAGE had expressed interest and confirmed that were
TRUMP elected US president, then sanctions on Russia would be lifted,

3. According to SECHIN’s dose associate, the Rosneft President had continued to believe that
TRUMP could win the US presidency right up to 17 October/ when he assessed this was no
longer possible, SECHIN was keen to re-adapt accordingly and put feelers out to other
business and political contacts in the US instead,

4. Speaking separately to the same compatriot in mid-October 2016, a Kremlin insider with direct
access to the leadership confirmed that a key role in the secret TRUMP campaign / Kremlin
relations hip was being played by the Republican candidat e’s personal lawyer Michael

Source Comment

5, SECHIN’s associate opined that although PAGE had not stated it explicitly to SECHIN, he had
dearly implied that in terms of his comment on TRUMP’s intention to lift Russian sanctions if
elected president, he was speaking with the Republican candidate’s authority.

Company Comment

18 October 2016

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/135

RUSSIA/US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION: THE IMPORTANT ROLE OF TRUMP
LAWYER, COHEN IN CAMPAIGN’S SECRET LIAISON WITH THE KREMLIN

Summary

– Kremlin insider outlines important role played by TRUMP’s lawyer
COHEN in secret liaison with Russian leadership

– COHEN engaged with Russians in trying to cover up scandal of
MANAFORT and exposure of PAGE and meets Kremlin officials secretly in
the EU in August in pursuit of this goal

These secret contacts continue but are now farmed out to trusted agents
in Kremlin-linked institutes so as to remain “plausibly deniable for
Russian regime

Further confirmation that sacking of IVANOV and appointments of VA1N0
and KIR1YENKO linked to need to cover up Kremlin’s TRUMP support
operation

Detail

1. Speaking in confidence to a longstanding compatriot friend in mid-
October 2016, a Kremlin insider highlighted the importance of
Republican presidential candidate Donald TRUMP’s lawyer, Michael
COHEN, in the ongoing secret liaison relationship between the New York
tycoon’s campaign and the Russian leadership. COHEN’s role had grown
following the departure of Paul MANNAFORT as TRUMP’s campaign
manager in August 2016. Prior to that MANNAFORT had led for the
TRUMP side.

2. According to the Kremlin insider, COHEN now was heavily engaged in a
cover up and damage limitation operation in the attempt to prevent the
full details of TRUMP’s relationship with Russia being exposed. In
pursuit of this aim, COHEN had met secretly with several Russian
Presidential Administration (PA) Legal Department officials in an EU
country in August 2016. The immediate issues had been to contain
further scandals involving MANNAFORT’s commercial and political role
in Russia/Ukraine and to limit the damage arising from exposure of
former TRUMP foreign policy advisor, Carter PAGE’S secret meetings
with Russian leadership figures in Moscow the previous month. The

overall objective had been to “to sweep it all under the carpet and make
sure no connections could be fully established or proven”

3. Things had become even “hotter” since August on the TRUMP-Russia
track. According to the Kremlin insider, this had meant that direct contact
between the TRUMP team and Russia had been farmed out by the
Kremlin to trusted agents of influence working in pro-government policy
institutes like that of Law and Comparative Jurisprudence. COHEN
however continued to lead for the TRUMP team.

4. Referring back to the (surprise) sacking of Sergei IVANOV as Head of PA
in August 2016, his replacement by Anton VAINO and the appointment o
former Russian premier Sergei KIRIYENKO to another senior position in
the PA, the Kremlin insider repeated that this had been directly
connected to the TRUMP support operation and the need to cover up now
that it was being exposed by the USG and in the western media.

Company Comment

The Kremlin insider was unsure of the identities of the PA officials with whom
COHEN met secretly in August, or the exact date/s and locations of the
meeting/s. There were significant internal security barriers being erected in the
PA as the TRUMP issue became more controversial and damaging. However s/he
continued to try to obtain these.

19 October 2016

COMPANY INTELLIGENCE REPORT 2016/166

US/RUSSIA: FURTHER DETAILS OF SECRET DIALOGUE BETWEEN TRUMP
CAMPAIGN TEAM, KREMLIN AND ASSOCIATED HACKERS IN PRAGUE

Summary

– TRUMP’s representative COHEN accompanied to Prague in

August/September 2016 by 3 colleagues for secret discussions with
Kremlin representatives and associated operators/hackers

Agenda included how to process deniable cash payments to operatives;
contingency plans for covering up operations; and action in event of a
CLINTON election victory

Some further details of Russian representatives/operatives involved;
Romanian hackers employed; and use of Bulgaria as bolthole to “lie low”

– Anti-CLINTON hackers and other operatives paid by both TRUMP team
and Kremlin, but with ultimate loyalty to Head of PA, IVANOV and his
successor/s

Detail

1. We reported previously (2016/135 and /136) on secret meeting/s held
in Prague, Czech Republic in August 2016 between then Republican
presidential candidate Donald TRUMP’s representative, Michael COHEN
and his interlocutors from the Kremlin working under cover of Russian
‘NGO’ Rossotrudnichestvo.

CL/NTON/Democratic Party operations. COHEN had been accompanied
to Prague by 3 colleagues and the timing of the visit was either in the last
week of August or the first week of September. One of their main Russian
interlocutors was Oleg SOLODUKHIN operating under
Rossotrudnichestvo cover. According the agenda

comprised questions on how deniable cash payments were to be made to
hackers who had worked in Europe under Kremlin direction against the
CLINTON campaign and various contingencies for covering up these
operations and Moscow’s secret liaison with the TRUMP team more
generally.

provided further details of these meeting/s and associated anti-

3. aver rhe period MarcIvSepfember 2016

^cmpan^alled^^^^^^Mand its affiliates had been using botnets
and porn traffic to transmit viruses, plant bugs, steal data and conduct
“altering operatjons*^gamsUhe Democratic Party leadership. Entities
Linked to involved and hean^mother

hackjn^xpert, both recruited under duress by the FSB,^^H
■■■■Mwere significant players in this operation, In Prague,
COHEN agreed contingency plans for various scenarios to protect the
operation, but in particular what was to be done in the event that Hillary
CLINTON won the presidency. It was important in this event that ad cash
payments owed were made quickly and discreetly and that cyher and
other operators were stood down/a hie to go effectively to ground to
cover their traces. (We reported earlier that the involvement of political
Operatives Paul MAN A FORT and Carter PAGE in the secret TRUMP-
Kremlin liaison had been exposed in the media in the run-up to Prague
and that damage limitation of these also was discussed by COHEN with
the Kremlin representatives).

4. In terms of practical measures to be taken. It was agreed by the two sides
in Prague to stand down various “Romanian hackers” (presumably based
in their homeland or neighbouring eastern Europe) and that other
operatives should head fur a bolt-hole in Plovdiv, Bulgaria where they
should “lay low”. On payments, IVANOV’S associate said that the
operatives involved had been paid by both TRUMP’S team and the
Kremlin, though their orders and ultimate loyalty lay with IVANOV, as
Head of the PA and thus ultimately responsible for the operation, and his
designated successor/s after he was dismissed by president PUTIN in
connection with iheanti-CLINTON operation in mid August,

13 December 2016

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