Category Archives: TERRORISM

Demographic Profile of Terrorists Post-9/11 Reveals Screening Implications

The following is a draft report from Customs and Border Protection’s Office of Intelligence that was obtained and published by Foreign Policy.

Page Count: 4 pages
Date: January 2018
Restriction: For Official Use Only, Law Enforcement Sensitive
Originating Organization: Customs and Border Protection, Office of Intelligence
File Type: pdf
File Size: 45,021 bytes
File Hash (SHA-256):CE410209C50668E2A75D5E002B2728EB4549C565CBCA1ED3FFC3D9DCAD12E177

Download File

(U//FOUO/LES) CBP’s Office of Intelligence produced this document by request from CBP’s Commissioner on 19 December. This product examines 29 perpetrators of 25 terrorist incidents in the United States from October 2001 through December 2017 whom CBP/OI assesses were driven by radical Sunni Islamist militancy.1 This assessment covers the demographic profile of the perpetrators, consisting of age, citizenship, gender, immigration status, national origin, international travel and religious background. This assessment is intended to inform United States foreign visitor screening, immigrant vetting and on-going evaluations of United States-based individuals who might have a higher risk of becoming radicalized and conducting a violent attack. This information is cut-off as of 22 January 2018.

(U) Source Summary

(U//FOUO) We place moderate confidence on assessments discussed herein due to our reliance on information derived primarily from analysis of law enforcement databases, independent think tank studies, scholastic publications, and United States press reporting. We lack specific details on the perpetrators path to radicalization that would have contributed a higher confidence in our assessment.

(U) Key Findings

(U//FOUO/LES) The national origins of all but six of the perpetrators traced to the Middle East, South Asia or Africa, possibly reflecting the long-term difficulty for some Muslim immigrants to integrate into United States society.

(U//FOUO/LES) Most perpetrators resided in the United States for a significant period of time, signaling the need for recurrent screening and vetting over a long period of time.

(U//FOUO/LES) The presence of all of the perpetrators in the United States was lawful, highlighting that illegal immigration was not a factor in these cases.

(U//FOUO/LES) Despite the prominent role Muslim converts have played in radical Islamist terrorist incidents occurring in the West, only six of the perpetrators converted to Islam.

(U) Gender

(U//FOUO/LES) Males were involved in all of the attacks highlighted in the assessment, despite growing concerns, such as assessments by the Combatting Counterterrorism Center at West Point, regarding the increasingly prominent, and sometimes operational, role women play in radical Islamist militant circles, including their use by the Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham (ISIS).(2) There was only one incident, where a female, the wife of the male perpetrator, was also involved in carrying out the attack.

(U) Ages

(U//FOUO/LES) Case studies over the past few years conducted by both federal and private entities yielded similar age-ranges after reviewing various comparable subsets of individuals. Our study found the average age of the 29 perpetrators was 28 years, ranging from 17 to 49 years of age at the time they were arrested or killed. The average age of perpetrators who conducted attacks in North America and Europe following ISIS’ declaration of its self-proclaimed caliphate in June 2014 was a similar 27.3 years old, according to independent think tank findings.(3) According to one scholastic publication, the average age of United States individuals arrested due to their associations with ISIS was 26. (3) We assess that 14 out of the 15 individuals born outside the United States spent approximately 10 years in the United States prior to their attacks; the remaining foreign born perpetrator was a Canadian resident visiting the United States.

(U) National Origins

(U//FOUO/LES) The national origins of all but six of the perpetrators traced to the Middle East, South Asia or Africa, likely reflecting the long-term difficulty for some Muslim immigrants to integrate into U.S. society. Just over half of the perpetrators were born outside the United States and over four-fifths (86%) of those immigrated as a minor or resided for a significant period of time (approximately 10 years) in the United States, indicating that the radicalization of these individuals likely occurred after immigrating. The remaining perpetrators born outside the United States resided in the country for two years or less, suggesting that they could have arrived in the United States already radicalized. The presence of all of the foreign-born perpetrators in the United States was lawful, highlighting that illegal immigration was not a factor in these cases and that possibly some militants are heeding calls by ISIS and AQ to take up arms in their Western countries of residence as opposed to traveling abroad to participate in foreign conflicts.

• (U//FOUO/LES) Eight of the 14 U.S.-born perpetrators are first-generation descendants of South Asian, Middle Eastern or African immigrants. Of the six other U.S.-born perpetrators, five are of African-American heritage and one is Caucasian.

• (U//FOUO/LES) Among the 14 foreign-born perpetrators who immigrated to the United States, 4 entered the United States before they reached 10 years of age; another 5 perpetrators were between 13 and 17 years of age when they migrated. Four perpetrators migrated to the United States after the age of 18 and were residents for approximately 7 years. Only one perpetrator over 18 years old had been in the United States for a year or less.

(U//FOUO/LES) Fourteen of the foreign-born perpetrators were lawful permanent residents (LPR)2 of the United States and one was a lawful resident of Canada visiting the United States under a U.S.-Canada Trusted Traveler Program. Of the fourteen foreign-born individuals who were residents of the United States, 7 acquired permanent residency in the United States and 7 were naturalized citizens.

(U) Immigration Channel

(U//FOUO/LES) Of the 14 U.S. LPRs, five immigrated to the country as children of asylees; two were refugees; two acquired diversity immigrant visas, one was the child of a U.S. citizen; one was the spouse of a U.S. citizen; one was the child of an alien family member of a U.S. citizen; one was the child of an alien with an advanced professional degree; and one immigrated on a fiancé visa.

(U) International Travel

(U//FOUO/LES) Nine of the perpetrators traveled outside of the United States, within one to two years of the incident, to countries in the Middle East, South Asia or Europe, suggesting the travel may have played a role in their path to radicalization. Four individuals traveled to the Middle East or South Asia within three to four years of their attacks. Five out of the 14 U.S.-born perpetrators traveled to the Middle East or South Asia within 4 years or less of the incidents.

(U) Religious Conversion

(U//FOUO/LES) We assess that only six of the perpetrators-or about 20 percent converted to Islam, which is in line with a 2017 independent think tank that found 23-percent of United States Muslims are converts (4)- despite the prominent role Muslim converts have played in radical Islamist terrorist incidents occurring in the West, according to a body of academic, media and anecdotal reporting. (5) (6) (7)

(U) Outlook

(U//FOUO/LES) CBP/OI assesses that the factors contributing to an individual’s decision to perpetrate an act of terrorism reflect a highly personalized set of circumstances. The cohort of perpetrators represents migrants to the United States, U.S.-born citizens, including six converts to Islam with backgrounds that are comparable to other Sunni Islamist extremist cohorts. Demographic factors such as age, national origin, length of residence, immigration status or travel history can inform evaluations, but are not determinative, when assessing an individual’s susceptibility to violent extremism. While the sense of perceived marginalization of some Muslim immigrants may represent an important factor in the radicalization process, we assess with low confidence that the motivations of at least some of the perpetrators centered on their failure to assimilate in United States society.

Advertisements

Countering Terrorist Narratives

This investigation, dispatched by the European Parliament’s Arrangement Division for Subjects’ Rights and Sacred Issues at the demand of the LIBE Panel, gives a review of current ways to deal with countering psychological oppressor stories. The first and second segments layout the distinctive reactions created at the worldwide and European Union levels. The third segment introduces an investigation of four distinctive ways to deal with reacting to fear based oppressor stories: disturbance of publicity conveyance, divert technique, crusade and message outline, and government correspondences and synchronization of message and activity. The last area offers various arrangement proposals, featuring five interrelated ‘lines of exertion’ basic to amplifying the proficiency and viability of counterterrorism and countering fierce fanaticism key correspondence.

1. Worldwide activities to counter fear based oppressor accounts are completed by various distinctive on-screen characters on the supranational, global, local, national and sub-national levels. The UN has set up itself as a key player in the field of counter-stories, rousing related organizations, for example, the Worldwide Counterterrorism Gathering (GCTF) and Hedayah, to help states in building solid designs of activity in this field. Other worldwide associations, for example, NATO and OSCE, have executed activities that attention on vital interchanges and counter-stories. States have likewise expanded endeavors in countering fear based oppressor stories through participation with different states or non-state institutional accomplices. At last, tech organizations have found a way to counteract manhandle of their stages by fear based oppressor on-screen characters.

2. The EU has expected a main part in counter-account endeavors through its own particular offices and projects and in addition through supporting outside activities. Europol assumes a key part in expelling illicit psychological militant substance from the Web while the EU Web Gathering gives a stage to disturb fear monger content and open up counter-accounts. The EU likewise encourages a system of cutting edge specialists, the Radicalisation Mindfulness System, which gives investigations of existing counter-account endeavors. At last, there are various establishments working at the European level, frequently in association with either the EU or Part States, which encourage the making of counter-accounts between governments, industry, and common society.

3. There are four key patterns in current endeavors to handle fear monger purposeful publicity:

I. Interruption of promulgation circulation – The key goal is to meddle with the conveyance of publicity, to put it plainly, to attempt and stop purposeful publicity at the source by keeping it from achieving its intended interest group. Specifically, this has focussed on bringing down promulgation from web-based social networking and erasing affronting accounts.

ii. Divert technique – Instead of eradicating promulgation, this approach looks to divert watchers to various messages trying to ‘bump’ their conduct. Spearheaded by Jigsaw and ISD, this venture diverts those scanning for jihadist material to counter-informing.

iii. Crusade and message outline – These tasks look to give data and aptitudes to Common Society Associations (CSOs) to create correspondence battles, normally in light of counter-story or option account approaches. While interruption looks to stop the spread of purposeful publicity, this approach tries to empower CSOs with the aptitudes to stand up to and undermine the promulgation.

iv. Government correspondences and synchronization of message and activity – There is a propensity for correspondence crusades to be composed in a vacuum, detached from occasions, in actuality. Synchronization approaches take a thorough point of view and intend to connect messages and activities, and to arrange informing crosswise over government and with global accomplices. The quality of these methodologies is to keep the undermining of a story by uncovering its ‘say-do-hole’, through guaranteeing message and activities are adjusted, and through constraining opposing informing.

4. In spite of the fact that counter-accounts is broadly bolstered by governments, think tanks and NGOs, the idea itself is somewhat immature and does not have an exhaustive establishing in observational research. There is little proof to help the adequacy of counternarratives and a significant number of its hidden presumptions have been raised doubt about. There is a requirement for more noteworthy research here and, specifically, compelling observing and assessment of flow counter-account extends keeping in mind the end goal to have the capacity to guarantee that lessons are found out.

5. Counter-psychological oppression (CT) and countering vicious radicalism (CVE) vital correspondences endeavors crosswise over different projects and activities can be educated by the accompanying suggestions:

I. Interruption of fierce fanatic material should be connected extensively and over various stages, keeping in mind the end goal to abstain from dislodging fear monger informing movement between channels. The vacuum made by interruption should be loaded with a progression of messages intended to use a scope of motivational drivers, keeping in mind the end goal to resound with an intended interest group subject to changing inspirations and so as to have a strengthening total impact on that gathering of people.

ii. To guarantee cognizant informing over the short, medium and long haul, battle and message plan standards should be synchronized through the foundation of a reasonable and easy to-comprehend, larger focal account, which is upheld by a specifically assorted exhibit of messages.

iii. An unmistakable recognizable proof of the intended interest group is essential to successful key correspondences, considering a range of potential customers of the message (expected, unintended, supporters, enemies and neutrals). A nuanced behavioral and attitudinal comprehension of that group of onlookers is expected to powerfully shape mentalities and practices.

iv. Measuring the viability of vital interchanges requires appraisals that emphasis on measures of key education, specialized proficiency and target gathering of people. These appraisals should be at first performed preceding the beginning of a key interchanges exertion to build up a standard measure. Once the benchmark measurements are set up, these evaluations should be consistently executed as a way to check the viability and proficiency of the battle after some time.

v. So as to pick up put stock in, believability and authenticity according to an intended interest group, informing should be synchronized with exercises on the ground, in this manner diminishing the apparent uniqueness between what one says and does (the ‘say-do hole’). The focal necessity for enhancing the synchronization of informing and activity crosswise over organizations is to a great extent social. Antiquated states of mind that ‘activities talk louder than words’ add to a hierarchical culture, frequently strengthened by principle, which bears vital interchanges an ex post facto part in operations, procedure and arrangement. Vital correspondences ought to be a key thought in arranging from the earliest starting point of the

iii. A reasonable distinguishing proof of the intended interest group is key to viable vital correspondences, considering a range of potential buyers of the message (planned, unintended, supporters, foes and neutrals). A nuanced behavioral and attitudinal comprehension of that gathering of people is expected to powerfully shape mentalities and practices.

iv. Measuring the adequacy of key correspondences requires evaluations that emphasis on measures of vital education, specialized proficiency and target group of onlookers. These evaluations should be at first performed preceding the beginning of a key interchanges exertion with a specific end goal to build up a benchmark measure. Once the benchmark measurements are built up, these appraisals should be frequently executed as a way to check the adequacy and productivity of the battle after some time.

v. Keeping in mind the end goal to pick up put stock in, believability and authenticity according to an intended interest group, informing should be synchronized with exercises on the ground, in this manner lessening the apparent dissimilarity between what one says and does (the ‘say-do hole’). The focal prerequisite for enhancing the synchronization of informing and activity crosswise over administrations is to a great extent social. Antiquated states of mind that ‘activities talk louder than words’ add to a hierarchical culture, regularly strengthened by precept, which bears key interchanges an ex post facto part in operations, procedure and arrangement. Key correspondences ought to be a key thought in arranging from the earliest starting point of the

 

Attack on German Christmas Market underscores Threat to Mass Gatherings

Germany: Vehicular Assault at Christmas Market Underscores Threat to Mass Gatherings and Open-Access Venues

Page Count: 4 pages
Date: December 21, 2016
Restriction: For Official Use Only
Originating Organization: Department of Homeland Security, Office of Intelligence and Analysis
File Type: pdf
File Size: 298,161 bytes
File Hash (SHA-256): ED0FA815C6477AA7CF193FB8C1972FE0D727BD52F7599F39FF9C7893C7A86807

Download File

(U) A 25-ton commercial truck transporting steel beams from Poland to Germany plowed into crowds at a Christmas market in Berlin at about 2000 local time on 19 December, killing at least 12 people and injuring 48 others, several critically, according to media reporting citing public security officials involved in the investigation. The truck was reportedly traveling at approximately 40 miles per hour when it rammed the Christmas market stands. Police estimate the vehicle traveled 80 yards into the Christmas market before coming to a halt.

(U) German authorities are calling the attack a terrorist incident, with the attacker still at large. German authorities are warning that it is unclear if the attacker was a lone offender, acted as part of a cell, or if he received any sort of direction by a FTO, and expressed concern that additional attacks are possible. An individual who was initially detained on 19 December was released on 20 December, and is no longer considered a suspect, according to German police. The truck may have been stolen or hijacked with the original driver overpowered or murdered. The original driver, found dead in the truck cab, appears to have died from stabbing and shooting wounds, according to media reporting citing law enforcement officials. The truck tracking location system indicated repeated engine stalls in the time leading up to the attack, leading the owner of the vehicle to speculate this was unlikely if a veteran driver was operating the truck, unless there was some sort of mechanical trouble. In response to the incident, German authorities, as part of their heightened security posture, will place concrete barriers around access points at Christmas markets across Germany.

(U//FOUO) Vehicle Ramming Featured in Recent Terrorist Messaging

(U//FOUO) I&A assesses that the 19 December likely terrorist attack at one of the largest Christmas markets in Berlin highlights terrorists’ continued use of simple tactics and is consistent with recent calls by the self-proclaimed Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) for attacks in the West using “all available means.” In an early December audio statement, ISIL spokesman Abu Hassan al-Muhajir called for attacks in “their homes, markets, street gatherings and anywhere they do not think of.” Vehicle ramming has been featured in recent violent extremist publications and messaging—including in ISIL’s al Rumiyah magazine and al-Qaʻida in the Arabian Peninsula’s (AQAP) Inspire magazine—especially since the mid-July vehicle ramming attack in Nice, France. The early-November third issue of Rumiyah highlighted applicable targets for vehicle ramming attacks such as “large outdoor conventions and celebrations, pedestrian-congested streets, outdoor markets, festivals, parades, and political rallies.” The most recent Homeland attack featuring this tactic occurred at Ohio State University in Columbus on 28 November, where Abdul Razak Ali Artan ran over pedestrians and then continued the attack with an edged weapon after the vehicle came to a stop.

(U//FOUO) On 20 December, ISIL’s A’maq News Agency called the attacker “an Islamic State soldier” consistent with previous instances of quickly posting claims of credit for operations. While the attack bears the hallmarks of ISIL’s tactics and targets, we have not been able to determine a definitive link to the group at this time.

(U//FOUO) I&A has no information indicating a specific or credible threat against individuals, locations or events in the Homeland, but several recent plots and attacks in the United States and overseas involving shopping malls, mass transit, and mass gatherings, including sporting events, have shown that homegrown violent extremists (HVEs) and terrorist groups are interested in attacking these types of targets. I&A assesses that commercial facilities—such as festivals, concerts, outdoor events, and other mass gatherings—remain a potential target for terrorists or HVEs, as they often pursue simple, achievable attacks with an emphasis on economic impact and mass casualties. The most likely tactics in a hypothetical terrorist attack against such events likely would involve edged weapons, small arms, vehicular assaults, and possibly improvised explosive devices. The 19 December events underscore the difficulties the private sector and law enforcement face in securing venues that are pedestrian-friendly, particularly in light of the large number of such aereas.

Isis Attack On Paris, Isis Attack In Us, Isis Attack Israel, Isis Attack In Syria, Isis Attack In France, Isis Attack In Philippines, Isis Attack 2017, Isis Attack In London, Isis Attack In Iran, Isis Attack In America, Isis Attack America, Isis Attack Afghanistan, Isis Attack April 2017, Isis Attack At Concert, Isis Attack Australia, Isis Attack Airport, Isis Attack Asia, Isis Attack Ariana Concert, Isis Attack Ariana, Isis Attack Articles, Isis Attack Brussels, Isis Attack Bangladesh, Isis Attack Britain, Isis Attack Base In Syria, Isis Attack Bus, Isis Attack By Pigs, Isis Attack By Boars, Isis Attack Baghdad, Isis Attack Bohol, Isis Attack Base, Isis Attack China, Isis Attack Church, Isis Attack Concert, Isis Attack Chicago, Isis Attack California, Isis Attack Cnn, Isis Attack Chemical, Isis Attack Catholic, Isis Attack Copenhagen, Isis Attack Churches In Egypt, Isis Attack Dubai, Isis Attack Dates, Isis Attack Drone, Isis Attack During Ramadan, Isis Attack Disney World, Isis Attack Dates 22nd, Isis Attack Dublin, Isis Attack Dates Pattern, Isis Attack Dates 22, Isis Attack Dates Uk, Isis Attack Egypt, Isis Attack Europe, Isis Attack Edc, Isis Attack England, Isis Attack Edinburgh 2016, Isis Attack Edc Las Vegas, Isis Attack Egypt Video, Isis Attack Egypt Palm Sunday, Isis Attack Egypt Church, Isis Attack Egypt Bus, Isis Attack France, Isis Attack Fresno, Isis Attack Fresno Ca, Isis Attack France 2016, Isis Attack Fox News, Isis Attack France 2015, Isis Attack France 2017, Isis Attack Footage, Isis Attack Florida, Isis Attack Facts, Isis Attack Germany, Isis Attack Garland Texas, Isis Attack Great Britain, Isis Attack Greece, Isis Attack Graphic, Isis Attack Glasgow, Isis Attack Geelong, Isis Attack Georgia, Isis Attack Guildford, Isis Attack Gaza, Isis Attack Helicopter, Isis Attack History, Isis Attack Hospital Kabul, Isis Attack Hotel, Isis Attack Hong Kong, Isis Attack Hama, Isis Attack Homs, Isis Attack Homes, Isis Attack Houston, Isis Attack Hastings, Isis Attack In Paris, Isis Attack In Us, Isis Attack Israel, Isis Attack In Syria, Isis Attack In France, Isis Attack In Philippines, Isis Attack In London, Isis Attack In Iran, Isis Attack In America, Isis Attack In Russia, Isis Attack Japan, Isis Attack Jordan, Isis Attack Jakarta, Isis Attack Jerusalem, Isis Attack July 4th, Isis Attack June 2015, Isis Attack July 4th 2015, Isis Attack January 2016, Isis Attack Jamaica, Isis Attack June 26, Isis Attack Kabul, Isis Attack Kuwait, Isis Attack Kirkuk, Isis Attack Kansas City, Isis Attack Kuala Lumpur, Isis Attack Kabul Hospital, Isis Attack Kaaba, Isis Attack Kenya, Isis Attack Kobani, Isis Attack Kitchener, Isis Attack List, Isis Attack Las Vegas, Isis Attack London, Isis Attack Locations, Isis Attack Liveleak, Isis Attack London 2017, Isis Attack Lebanon, Isis Attack Last Night, Isis Attack London 2015, Isis Attack Live, Isis Attack Map, Isis Attack Manchester, Isis Attack Marawi, Isis Attack May 2017, Isis Attack Military Base, Isis Attack Methods, Isis Attack Mosul, Isis Attack Malaysia, Isis Attack Mecca, Isis Attack Manila, Isis Attack News, Isis Attack New Orleans, Isis Attack New York, Isis Attack Nice France, Isis Attack Nice, Isis Attack North Korea, Isis Attack Northern Ireland, Isis Attack New Zealand, Isis Attack Next, Isis Attack Now, Isis Attack On Paris, Isis Attack On Us, Isis Attack On Israel, Isis Attack On France, Isis Attack On Russia, Isis Attack On Syria, Isis Attack On London, Isis Attack On Mosul, Isis Attack On Las Vegas, Isis Attack On Palm Sunday, Isis Attack Paris, Isis Attack Philippines, Isis Attack Palm Sunday, Isis Attack Pakistan, Isis Attack Pictures, Isis Attack Parliament, Isis Attack Pope, Isis Attack Paris 2017, Isis Attack Philippines 2017, Isis Attack Pattern, Isis Attack Queanbeyan, Isis Attack Qaraqosh, Isis Attack Quiapo, Isis Attack Queen, Isis Attack Qatar, Isis Attack Quebec, Isis Attack Quotes, Isis Attack Quaragosh Iraq, Isis Attack Al Qaeda, Isis Plan To Attack Queen, Isis Attack Russia, Isis Attack Recent, Isis Attack Russian Plane, Isis Attack Ramadan, Isis Attack Records, Isis Attack Refugee Camp, Isis Attack Resort World, Isis Attack Resorts World Manila, Isis Attack Rome, Isis Attack Russia 2017, Isis Attack Syria, Isis Attack Seattle, Isis Attack Saudi Arabia, Isis Attack Statistics, Isis Attack Spain, Isis Attack Sweden, Isis Attack Syrian Army, Isis Attack Strategy, Isis Attack St Petersburg, Isis Attack Syria 2017, Isis Attack Timeline, Isis Attack Texas, Isis Attack Today, Isis Attack Turkey, Isis Attack Today In Syria, Isis Attack This Morning, Isis Attack The Philippines, Isis Attack Tikrit, Isis Attack Today In Egypt, Isis Attack Techniques, Isis Attack Us, Isis Attack Usa, Isis Attack Uk, Isis Attack United States, Isis Attack Us Base, Isis Attack Usa 2017, Isis Attack Uae, Isis Attack Us Helicopter, Isis Attack Us Base In Syria, Isis Attack Uk 2017, Isis Attack Videos, Isis Attack Vegas, Isis Attack Vatican, Isis Attack Videos Liveleak, Isis Attack Vietnam, Isis Attack Venice, Isis Attack Virginia, Isis Attack Vancouver, Isis Attack Valparaiso, Isis Attack Vienna, Isis Attack Wiki, Isis Attack Westminster, Isis Attack Warning, Isis Attack World, Isis Attack Wicklow, Isis Attack Wigan, Isis Attack Washington, Isis Attack Wwe, Isis Attack Wolverhampton, Isis Attack Westfield, Isis Xmas Attack, Isis Attack Yesterday, Isis Attack Youtube, Isis Attack Yemen, Isis Attack Yazidi, Isis Attack Yyc, Isis Attack Yarmouk, Isis Attack Yarmouk Camp, Isis Attack Yorkshire, Isis Attack Ypg, Isis Attack Us, Isis Attack Zones, Isis Attack Zurich, Isis Attack New Zealand

Counter-Da’esh Influence Operations Cognitive Space Narrative Simulation Insights

Counter-Da’esh Influence Operations Cognitive Space Narrative Simulation Insights

Page Count: 69 pages
Date: May 2016
Restriction: None
Originating Organization: Joint Staff J39
File Type: pdf
File Size: 3,665,757 bytes
File Hash (SHA-256):D7EC7D64E98A8B16FBA01D8D46A3AE74CC83DB19378C9EC6C6D5D3F23AAB18E4

Download File

When planning to deal with any adversary or potential adversaries, it is essential to understand who they are, how they function, their strengths and vulnerabilities, and why they oppose us. Events over the course of the last year and a half highlight the importance of those factors as they relate to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL or Da’esh). One of Da’esh’s obvious strengths is its ability to propagate tailored messages that resonate with its audiences. If the US Government and our allies are to counter Da’esh effectively, we must attack this center of gravity.

The Joint Staff J-39 Strategic Multilayer Assessment (SMA) branch has been evaluating options in “Cognitive Space” to conduct Information Operations to disrupt Da’esh’s ability to command and control forces, neutralize its ability to maintain or increase moral, political, and financial support as well as recruit foreign fighters. This SMA effort continues to identify methods to psychologically isolate Da’esh leaders from one another and their respective constituencies inside and outside of the organization. Furthermore, this SMA effort has been assessing the value of “integrated neuro-cognitive-narrative maneuver” approaches to develop messages and actions that are more likely to have intended effects and less likely to have undesirable unintended or collateral effects, as well as to evaluate message delivery methods more effectively and efficiently by developing campaigns that achieve undercutting effects.

The cornerstone of the effort was the execution of a simulation facilitated by the University of Maryland ICONS team, which sought to

a. support the Psychological Operations (PSYOP) community in meeting training requirements in ways that reinforce the PSYOP process and enhance counter-Da’esh messaging.

b. support the PSYOP community in integrating neuro-cognitive and social science concepts to refine counter-Da’esh message content and increase the effectiveness of the Information Operations (IO) campaign.

c. assist the PSYOP community with understanding the operational environment (OE) and the human networks operating in the OE: friendly, threat, and neutral. Possible examples include providing a (Political, Military, Economic, Social, Information, and Infrastructure) PMESII-framed OE analysis and center of gravity analysis.

This white paper is a compilation of the key findings from the simulation.

countering-isil

Simulation Theory, Simulation Games, Simulation Definition, Simulationcraft, Simulation Hypothesis, Simulation Math Definition, Simulation Software, Simulation Synonym, Simulation Meaning, Simulation Games Pc, Simulation And Simulacra, Simulation Argument, Simulation Analysis, Simulation Apps, Simulation And Modeling, Simulation Ammo, Simulation Avenged Sevenfold, Simulation And Simulacra Pdf, Simulation Activities, Simulation And Gaming, Simulation Based Learning, Simulation Baby, Simulation Bullets, Simulation Based Optimization, Simulation Browser Games, Simulation Baudrillard, Simulation Based Training, Simulation Baseball Games, Simulation Book, Simulation Biology, Simulationcraft, Simulation Center, Simulation Curriculum, Simulation Conference 2017, Simulationcraft 7.2, Simulationcraft Addon, Simulation Certification, Simulation Core, Simulation Conference, Simulation Calculator, Simulation Definition, Simulation Definition Math, Simulation Definition Statistics, Simulation Debriefing, Simulation Def, Simulation Debriefing Safe, Simulation Deck, Simulation Data, Simulation Design, Simulation Design Scale, Simulation Examples, Simulation Engineer, Simulation Education, Simulation Excel, Simulation Experiment, Simulation Elon Musk, Simulation Exercise, Simulation Energy Changes In Chemical Reactions, Simulation Exams, Simulation Environment, Simulation Fellowship, Simulation Flash Games, Simulation Football League, Simulation Forecasting, Simulation For Radiation, Simulation Framework, Simulation Fidelity, Simulation Football, Simulation Flight, Simulation Finance, Simulation Games, Simulation Games Pc, Simulation Games For Ps4, Simulation Games Unblocked, Simulation Games For Xbox One, Simulation Games 2017, Simulation Games For Mac, Simulation Games For Iphone, Simulation Games For Android, Simulation Game Definition, Simulation Hypothesis, Simulation Heuristic, Simulation Hypothesis Proof, Simulation Heuristic Example, Simulation Hypothesis Reddit, Simulation Hockey League, Simulation Healthcare, Simulation Hypothesis Documentary, Simulation Hospital, Simulation Hub, Simulation In Healthcare, Simulation In Nursing Education, Simulation In Math, Simulation In R, Simulation Inside A Simulation, Simulation In Statistics, Simulation Icon, Simulation In Excel, Simulation In Spanish, Simulation Iq, Simulation Jobs, Simulation Journal, Simulation Jobs Orlando, Simulation Java, Simulation Jean Baudrillard, Simulation Job Manager, Simulation Journals Impact Factor, Simulation Jobs In Michigan, Simulation Job Games, Simulation Job 9 Report Sheet, Simulation Khan Academy, Simulation Kernel, Simulation Kya Hai, Simulation Ks2, Simulation Kelton, Simulation Kannada Meaning, Simulation Kya H, Simulation Keyboard, Simulation Knowledge Management, Simulation Kit, Simulation Lab, Simulation Lyrics, Simulation Learning, Simulation Lag Fix, Simulation Life Games, Simulation Learning System, Simulation Learning System For Rn 2.0, Simulation Learning System For Medical-surgical Nursing, Simulation Life, Simulation Languages, Simulation Math Definition, Simulation Meaning, Simulation Math, Simulation Model, Simulation Modeling And Analysis, Simulation Mannequin, Simulation Mechanical, Simulation Manikins, Simulation Math Example, Simulation Modelling Practice And Theory, Simulation Nursing, Simulation Nursing Education, Simulation Nation, Simulation Natural Selection, Simulation News, Simulation Network, Simulation Nuke, Simulation Neil Degrasse Tyson, Simulation New Yorker, Simulation Nfl, Simulation Optimization, Simulation Online Games, Simulation Override, Simulation Online, Simulation Of Urban Mobility, Simulation Of The Universe, Simulation Of Birth, Simulation Of Natural Selection, Simulation Operations Specialist, Simulation Of Nuclear War, Simulation Pc Games, Simulation Plus, Simulation Probability, Simulation Program, Simulation Ps4 Games, Simulation Paper, Simulation Pretext Fiction, Simulation Problems, Simulation Project, Simulation Protocol, Simulation Questions, Simulation Quotes, Simulation Quizlet, Simulation Quiz 2, Simulation Quiz, Simulation Questions Security+, Simulation Questions And Answers, Simulation Questions Cpa Exam, Simulation Quantum Mechanics, Simulation Quiz 1, Simulation Rounds, Simulation Rick And Morty, Simulation Rides, Simulation Results, Simulation Research, Simulation Rpg, Simulation Racing Games, Simulated Reality, Simulation Reddit, Simulation Racing, Simulation Software, Simulation Synonym, Simulation Statistics, Simulation Sickness, Simulation Study, Simulation Shoes, Simulation Software Free, Simulation Simulacra, Simulation Scenarios, Simulation Software Definition, Simulation Theory, Simulation Theory Reddit, Simulation Training, Simulation Theory Elon Musk, Simulation Trading, Simulation Technology, Simulation Test, Simulation Tools, Simulation Technician, Simulation Theory Proof, Simulation Universe, Simulation User Network, Simulation Using Excel, Simulation User Network 2017, Simulation Using R, Simulation Using Promodel, Simulation Using Matlab, Simulation Using Python, Simulation Used To Produce An Aggregate Plan, Simulation Using Promodel Pdf, Simulation Vs Emulation, Simulation Video Games, Simulation Vs Experiment, Simulation Video, Simulation Vs Simulation, Simulation Validation, Simulation Vs Optimization, Simulation Vs Model, Simulation And Simulacra, Simulation Vs Default Nba 2k17, Simulation With Arena, Simulation Wow, Simulation With Arena 6th Edition, Simulation Websites, Simulation World, Simulation Within A Simulation, Simulation War Games, Simulation Wave On A String, Simulation Wiki, Simulation With Arena 5th Edition Pdf, Simulation X, Simulation Xbox One Games, Simulationxpress, Simulation Xbox One, Simulation Xbox 360 Games, Simulation Xilinx, Simulationxpress Product Code, Simulationxpress Code, Simulation X Tutorial, Simulation X Download, Simulation Youtube, Simulation You Are A Police Officer, Simulation You Are A Mayor, Simulation You Are Head Of Fema, Simulation You Are A Voter, Simulation You Are A Consumer Advocate (Quiz), Simulation You Are A Lobbyist (Quiz), Simulation You Are A First Term President, Simulation You Are A Polling Consultant, Simulation You Are A Voter Quiz, Simulation Zitouna, Simulation Zombie, Simulation Zombie Apocalypse, Simulation Zertifikat B1, Simulation Zombie Infection, Simulation Zombie Games, Simulation Zoom, Simulation Zero Gravity, Simulation Zertifikat B1 Schreiben, Simulation Zynq