Category Archives: PUBLIC INTELLIGENCE

Demographic Profile of Terrorists Post-9/11 Reveals Screening Implications

The following is a draft report from Customs and Border Protection’s Office of Intelligence that was obtained and published by Foreign Policy.

Page Count: 4 pages
Date: January 2018
Restriction: For Official Use Only, Law Enforcement Sensitive
Originating Organization: Customs and Border Protection, Office of Intelligence
File Type: pdf
File Size: 45,021 bytes
File Hash (SHA-256):CE410209C50668E2A75D5E002B2728EB4549C565CBCA1ED3FFC3D9DCAD12E177

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(U//FOUO/LES) CBP’s Office of Intelligence produced this document by request from CBP’s Commissioner on 19 December. This product examines 29 perpetrators of 25 terrorist incidents in the United States from October 2001 through December 2017 whom CBP/OI assesses were driven by radical Sunni Islamist militancy.1 This assessment covers the demographic profile of the perpetrators, consisting of age, citizenship, gender, immigration status, national origin, international travel and religious background. This assessment is intended to inform United States foreign visitor screening, immigrant vetting and on-going evaluations of United States-based individuals who might have a higher risk of becoming radicalized and conducting a violent attack. This information is cut-off as of 22 January 2018.

(U) Source Summary

(U//FOUO) We place moderate confidence on assessments discussed herein due to our reliance on information derived primarily from analysis of law enforcement databases, independent think tank studies, scholastic publications, and United States press reporting. We lack specific details on the perpetrators path to radicalization that would have contributed a higher confidence in our assessment.

(U) Key Findings

(U//FOUO/LES) The national origins of all but six of the perpetrators traced to the Middle East, South Asia or Africa, possibly reflecting the long-term difficulty for some Muslim immigrants to integrate into United States society.

(U//FOUO/LES) Most perpetrators resided in the United States for a significant period of time, signaling the need for recurrent screening and vetting over a long period of time.

(U//FOUO/LES) The presence of all of the perpetrators in the United States was lawful, highlighting that illegal immigration was not a factor in these cases.

(U//FOUO/LES) Despite the prominent role Muslim converts have played in radical Islamist terrorist incidents occurring in the West, only six of the perpetrators converted to Islam.

(U) Gender

(U//FOUO/LES) Males were involved in all of the attacks highlighted in the assessment, despite growing concerns, such as assessments by the Combatting Counterterrorism Center at West Point, regarding the increasingly prominent, and sometimes operational, role women play in radical Islamist militant circles, including their use by the Islamic State of Iraq and ash-Sham (ISIS).(2) There was only one incident, where a female, the wife of the male perpetrator, was also involved in carrying out the attack.

(U) Ages

(U//FOUO/LES) Case studies over the past few years conducted by both federal and private entities yielded similar age-ranges after reviewing various comparable subsets of individuals. Our study found the average age of the 29 perpetrators was 28 years, ranging from 17 to 49 years of age at the time they were arrested or killed. The average age of perpetrators who conducted attacks in North America and Europe following ISIS’ declaration of its self-proclaimed caliphate in June 2014 was a similar 27.3 years old, according to independent think tank findings.(3) According to one scholastic publication, the average age of United States individuals arrested due to their associations with ISIS was 26. (3) We assess that 14 out of the 15 individuals born outside the United States spent approximately 10 years in the United States prior to their attacks; the remaining foreign born perpetrator was a Canadian resident visiting the United States.

(U) National Origins

(U//FOUO/LES) The national origins of all but six of the perpetrators traced to the Middle East, South Asia or Africa, likely reflecting the long-term difficulty for some Muslim immigrants to integrate into U.S. society. Just over half of the perpetrators were born outside the United States and over four-fifths (86%) of those immigrated as a minor or resided for a significant period of time (approximately 10 years) in the United States, indicating that the radicalization of these individuals likely occurred after immigrating. The remaining perpetrators born outside the United States resided in the country for two years or less, suggesting that they could have arrived in the United States already radicalized. The presence of all of the foreign-born perpetrators in the United States was lawful, highlighting that illegal immigration was not a factor in these cases and that possibly some militants are heeding calls by ISIS and AQ to take up arms in their Western countries of residence as opposed to traveling abroad to participate in foreign conflicts.

• (U//FOUO/LES) Eight of the 14 U.S.-born perpetrators are first-generation descendants of South Asian, Middle Eastern or African immigrants. Of the six other U.S.-born perpetrators, five are of African-American heritage and one is Caucasian.

• (U//FOUO/LES) Among the 14 foreign-born perpetrators who immigrated to the United States, 4 entered the United States before they reached 10 years of age; another 5 perpetrators were between 13 and 17 years of age when they migrated. Four perpetrators migrated to the United States after the age of 18 and were residents for approximately 7 years. Only one perpetrator over 18 years old had been in the United States for a year or less.

(U//FOUO/LES) Fourteen of the foreign-born perpetrators were lawful permanent residents (LPR)2 of the United States and one was a lawful resident of Canada visiting the United States under a U.S.-Canada Trusted Traveler Program. Of the fourteen foreign-born individuals who were residents of the United States, 7 acquired permanent residency in the United States and 7 were naturalized citizens.

(U) Immigration Channel

(U//FOUO/LES) Of the 14 U.S. LPRs, five immigrated to the country as children of asylees; two were refugees; two acquired diversity immigrant visas, one was the child of a U.S. citizen; one was the spouse of a U.S. citizen; one was the child of an alien family member of a U.S. citizen; one was the child of an alien with an advanced professional degree; and one immigrated on a fiancé visa.

(U) International Travel

(U//FOUO/LES) Nine of the perpetrators traveled outside of the United States, within one to two years of the incident, to countries in the Middle East, South Asia or Europe, suggesting the travel may have played a role in their path to radicalization. Four individuals traveled to the Middle East or South Asia within three to four years of their attacks. Five out of the 14 U.S.-born perpetrators traveled to the Middle East or South Asia within 4 years or less of the incidents.

(U) Religious Conversion

(U//FOUO/LES) We assess that only six of the perpetrators-or about 20 percent converted to Islam, which is in line with a 2017 independent think tank that found 23-percent of United States Muslims are converts (4)- despite the prominent role Muslim converts have played in radical Islamist terrorist incidents occurring in the West, according to a body of academic, media and anecdotal reporting. (5) (6) (7)

(U) Outlook

(U//FOUO/LES) CBP/OI assesses that the factors contributing to an individual’s decision to perpetrate an act of terrorism reflect a highly personalized set of circumstances. The cohort of perpetrators represents migrants to the United States, U.S.-born citizens, including six converts to Islam with backgrounds that are comparable to other Sunni Islamist extremist cohorts. Demographic factors such as age, national origin, length of residence, immigration status or travel history can inform evaluations, but are not determinative, when assessing an individual’s susceptibility to violent extremism. While the sense of perceived marginalization of some Muslim immigrants may represent an important factor in the radicalization process, we assess with low confidence that the motivations of at least some of the perpetrators centered on their failure to assimilate in United States society.

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Chemical Splash and Spray Attacks Potential Tactic for Violent Extremists in Homeland

We evaluate that fear based oppressors likely view strategies including tossing or showering acids and an assortment of compound fluids, henceforth alluded to as a synthetic shower and sprinkle assault (CSSA), as a feasible strategy to cause damage and disturb basic framework, in light of open source revealing depicting psychological militant online networking posts and fear monger and brutal radical utilization of this strategy abroad. An examination of few episodes portrayed in media announcing uncovered that CSSAs are regularly utilized by criminal performing artists to facilitate criminal exercises and by fierce radical gatherings abroad to make fear, scare, rebuff, and distort people and gatherings that oppose their control or belief system in their general vicinity of operations; the strategy, in any case, has once in a while been operationalized by on-screen characters in the Country. We note, in any case, that homegrown savage radicals (HVEs) and solitary guilty parties likely would discover this strategy engaging and could without much of a stretch adjust it to the Country, as it requires no particular specialized ability and the materials regularly connected with criminal assault are typically unregulated and generally accessible.

(U//FOUO) We evaluate that revolutionary fanatics, other residential fear based oppressors (DTs), and criminal on-screen characters are the probably US-based brutal radicals to utilize CSSAs in light of our examination of over a significant time span DT utilization of this strategy and on open source revealing of unaffiliated criminal performing artists utilizing acids, harmful mechanical chemicals, and other substance crippling specialists in assaults in the Country. They have utilized CSSA strategies against law requirement, foundations, ideological adversaries, dissenters, and mass get-togethers, particularly those related with political or social causes, in light of an assortment of open source announcing. These performing artists once in a while utilized CSSAs to cause fatalities, however past episodes have exhibited that household CSSAs can cause critical substantial damage and upset law authorization and specialist on call operations.

(U//FOUO) While remote psychological oppressor associations (FTO) and brutal fanatic gatherings have operationalized CSSA abroad and have made late calls for such assaults in the Country, we need particular data demonstrating that HVEs or solitary guilty parties would be open to this strategy or would look to fuse CSSAs into assaults inside the Assembled States; we survey, in any case, that huge numbers of the variables likely driving criminal utilization of CSSAs, for example, the capacity to hurt people, cause framework disturbance, perhaps sidestep catch following an assault, or potentially execute rehash assaults—likely would likewise make this strategy appealing to fear based oppressors, particularly fierce radicals lacking preparing, and the entrance or want to utilize explosives or guns.

(U//FOUO) Solid acids and burning chemicals are much of the time utilized as a part of CSSAs, however we evaluate aggressors are similarly prone to pick other monetarily accessible chemicals, for example, pepper splash, blanch, alkali, solvents, and other bothering, putrid, or poisonous mechanical chemicals, in view of the assortment of materials utilized for CSSAs locally and abroad. Specialists on call treating casualties of CSSAs may confront auxiliary dermal and inward breath dangers relying upon the kind of chemicals utilized.

(U) ISIS Desires CSSA in the Country While Rough Radical Operationalize the Strategy Abroad

(U//FOUO) We evaluate that fear mongers likely view strategies including tossing or showering acids and an assortment of compound fluids, in the future called synthetic splash and sprinkle assaults (CSSAs), as a suitable strategy to cause damage and upset basic foundation, based on open source announcing portraying psychological oppressor online networking posts and fear monger and fierce radical utilization of this strategy abroad. An investigation of few episodes portrayed in media detailing uncovered that CSSAs are regularly utilized by criminal on-screen characters to encourage criminal exercises and by fierce radical gatherings abroad to make fear, threaten, rebuff, and distort people and gatherings that oppose their control or philosophy in their general vicinity of operations; the strategy, in any case, has seldom been operationalized by performing artists ihowever, that HVEs and solitary guilty parties likely would discover this strategy engaging and could without much of a stretch adjust it to the Country, as it requires no particular specialized aptitude and the materials frequently connected with criminal assault are normally unregulated and broadly accessible.

» (U//FOUO) The Islamic State in Iraq and slag Sham (ISIS)- connected “Solitary Mujihad” station on the Europe-based informing application Wire, starting late 2017, asked US-based ISIS-supporters to assault “unbelievers” with sulfuric corrosive on open transportation.

» (U) Rough fanatics partnered with ISIS in Iraq and Syria, since in any event mid 2015, were purportedly spreading or tossing corrosive in the characteristics of ladies from the Iraq-based Yazidi religious minority and Kurdish ladies who declined to be sex slaves or submit to constrained relational unions, as indicated by open source announcing. Moreover, ISIS-partnered vicious fanatics freely tormented and executed adversaries, deceivers, and those they regarded n the Country. We note, in any case, that HVEs and solitary wrongdoers likely would discover this strategy engaging and could without much of a stretch adjust it to the Country, as it requires no particular specialized mastery and the materials frequently connected with criminal assault are typically unregulated and generally accessible.

» (U//FOUO) The Islamic State in Iraq and fiery debris Sham (ISIS)- connected “Solitary Mujihad” station on the Europe-based informing application Wire, starting late 2017, encouraged US-based ISIS-supporters to assault “unbelievers” with sulfuric corrosive on open transportation.

» (U) Savage fanatics associated with ISIS in Iraq and Syria, since at any rate mid 2015, were purportedly spreading or tossing corrosive in the characteristics of ladies from the Iraq-based Yazidi religious minority and Kurdish ladies who declined to be sex slaves or submit to constrained relational unions, as indicated by open source detailing. Moreover, ISIS-associated rough radicals freely tormented and executed foes, double crossers, and those they deemedDEPARTMENT OF Country SECURITY, Insight Combination Focuses

(U//FOUO) DHS Announcement: Substance Sprinkle and Splash Assaults Potential Strategy for Brutal Radicals in Country

December 18, 2017

Synthetic Sprinkle and Splash Assault: Uncommon yet Potential Strategy for Brutal Radicals in Country

Page Tally: 10 pages

Date: September 21, 2017

Confinement: For Official Utilize As it were

Starting Association: Branch of Country Security, Office of Knowledge and Appraisal

Record Compose: pdf

Document Estimate: 313,000 bytes

Document Hash (SHA-256): 1444CB27457B1F56A97A074AD2049034AC63AE457A88FB0F6013C7F480736D09

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(U//FOUO) We survey that fear based oppressors likely view strategies including tossing or showering acids and an assortment of synthetic fluids, henceforth alluded to as a concoction splash and sprinkle assault (CSSA), as a suitable strategy to cause damage and disturb basic framework, based on open source detailing portraying psychological militant online networking posts and psychological militant and savage fanatic utilization of this strategy abroad. An examination of few occurrences depicted in media announcing uncovered that CSSAs are ordinarily utilized by criminal performing artists to facilitate criminal exercises and by brutal radical gatherings abroad to make fear, scare, rebuff, and distort people and gatherings that oppose their control or belief system in their general vicinity of operations; the strategy, in any case, has once in a while been operationalized by on-screen characters in the Country. We note, in any case, that homegrown brutal radicals (HVEs) and solitary guilty parties likely would discover this strategy engaging and could undoubtedly adjust it to the Country, as it requires no particular specialized skill and the materials frequently connected with criminal assault are generally unregulated and broadly accessible.

(U//FOUO) We evaluate that rebel radicals, other household fear based oppressors (DTs), and criminal performing artists are the in all likelihood US-based rough fanatics to utilize CSSAs in light of our examination of at various times DT utilization of this strategy and on open source announcing of unaffiliated criminal on-screen characters utilizing acids, poisonous modern chemicals, and other concoction debilitating operators in assaults in the Country. They have utilized CSSA strategies against law authorization, establishments, ideological adversaries, nonconformists, and mass get-togethers, particularly those related with political or social causes, in light of an assortment of open source announcing. These performing artists seldom utilized CSSAs to cause fatalities, however past occurrences have exhibited that local CSSAs can cause huge real damage and upset law authorization and person on call operations.

(U//FOUO) While outside fear based oppressor associations (FTO) and brutal fanatic gatherings have operationalized CSSA abroad and have made late calls for such assaults in the Country, we need particular data showing that HVEs or solitary wrongdoers would be open to this strategy or would try to join CSSAs into assaults inside the Assembled States; we survey, be that as it may, that a significant number of the variables likely driving criminal utilization of CSSAs, for example, the capacity to hurt people, cause foundation interruption, conceivably dodge catch following an assault, and additionally execute rehash assaults—likely would likewise make this strategy appealing to psychological militants, particularly vicious radicals lacking preparing, and the entrance or want to utilize explosives or guns.

(U//FOUO) Solid acids and scathing chemicals are every now and again utilized as a part of CSSAs, however we evaluate assailants are similarly prone to pick other economically accessible chemicals, for example, pepper shower, fade, alkali, solvents, and other chafing, putrid, or lethal modern chemicals, in light of the assortment of materials utilized for CSSAs locally and abroad. People on call treating casualties of CSSAs may confront optional dermal and inward breath perils relying upon the kind of chemicals utilized.

(U)