Confidential – The Fall of the Berlin Wall, 25th Anniversary

The Fall of the Berlin Wall, 25th Anniversary

Documents show accident and contingency, anxiety in world capitals

East German crowds led the way, with help from Communist fumbles, self-fulfilling TV coverage, Hungarian reformers, Czechoslovak pressure, and Gorbachev’s non-violence

“Masterpieces of History:” The Peaceful End of the Cold War in Europe, 1989, a National Security Archive Cold War Reader (Malcolm Byrne, series editor), By Svetlana Savranskaya, Thomas Blanton and Vladislav Zubok